Do-it-yourself actinidia cultivation

Nature gives a wide variety of amazing plants. Some of them "share" with us their healing properties, others - "delight" the eye with beauty. Without a doubt, actinidia combines these two qualities: it has a large number of substances useful to our body and gives exotic to any garden.

Actinidia and its varieties

Actinidia is a perennial liana that rises along the supports to a great height. This is a dioecious plant. The leaves are leathery, finely serrated at the edges of the bowl. The plant is shade-hardy, winter-hardy, loves moist loamy soil, open areas, and tolerates drought poorly. Fruits are greenish, with small seeds. Actinidia berries are rich in nutrients, in terms of vitamin C content they are second only to rose hips. Popularly, this plant is well known as a laxative, anthelmintic and anti-zingotic agent. The most valuable species is the colomict actinidia, from which two popular varieties are derived - Pineapple Michurina and Klara Zetkin.

Pineapple Michurina is a 6–7 m high vine, yields about 5 kg., But only after the 6th year of growth. Fruits are dark green, oblate, of a pleasant sweet taste, with a pineapple aroma, weighing 2-3 g. The berries ripen in August, not at the same time, they are easily showered, can be stored for 3-4 days.

Variety Klara Zetkin has a bushy shape, bears fruit from 5-6 years. Harvesting is possible from August, the fruits look elongated, yellowish, with a pleasant sweetish-sour taste and weighing about 3.5 g. They do not show much.

Due to the high quality of fruits, annual yield and good winter hardiness, this variety deserves widespread use in amateur gardens.

Actinidia reproduction

Actinidia can be propagated with the help of cuttings, processes and seeds. To obtain layering, the upper part of the young creeper is bent and fixed in the groove with wooden hooks, after which it is covered with a soil layer of 4-6 cm so that the tip rises 6-10 cm above the surface. In autumn, the young layering is separated from the plant and transplanted.

Seeds are sown in beds or boxes at the end of September to a depth of 1 cm. When 2-3 leaves appear on seedlings, they are transplanted (dived) into other boxes or beds. It is advisable to divert semi-shaded areas to a constant place of growth of actinidia. The pit for planting seedlings should not exceed 1 m in diameter and somewhere 60-70 cm deep. The bottom of the pit is covered with a 10-centimeter layer of brick, and on top with black soil mixed with 1.5-2 buckets of humus.

Since actinidia is a dioecious plant, male specimens are planted near female specimens. Dioeciousness is determined by such signs: on male vines, flowers are collected in inflorescences of 6 pieces or more, on female - they are single. In addition, on male plants, the upper side of the dark green leaves becomes fluffy white and then pink-red during the summer, and on the female leaves a brownish color appears by autumn.

Actinidia: planting and care

Features of growing actinidia

Seedlings planted in autumn are cut short, leaving the two best stems with 3-4 buds. In spring, the weaker stem is removed. During the summer, several shoots grow on the stem. In the autumn, after the end of the growing season, only two of the most developed vines should be left on it, the extra cut ones. A year later, lateral vertical fruit-bearing shoots grow from them, from which next year fruiting branches of the 2nd order develop. It is better to cut bushes in the fall, since in spring a lot of juice expires when shortening. Three years later, the vines are replaced by side shoots.

Under the plants, it is imperative to put wire supports. The roots of actinidia are located close to the surface, therefore, in order not to damage them, loosening the soil should not be done deeply. The plant is watered abundantly throughout the growing season.

The use of fertilizers and fertilizing in the cultivation of actinidia

Actinidia must be fertilized in early spring, before flowering, and in autumn. It is best to use superphosphate (6-8 g per 1 sq. M) and humus (2-3 buckets) for this. It is very important to mulch near-stem circles with manure, sawdust or straw.

A mature crop must be correctly and promptly harvested.

Ripe actinidia fruits are green and almost transparent.

Collect them on a cloth, slightly shaking the plants.

Actinidia Care

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