Plastic bottles are considered garbage, but not for gardeners who know how to find practical use for everything. And, if earlier we used bottles to create small greenhouses for germinating seedlings, today we decided to build a full-fledged greenhouse from them.
Many will say that this is real nonsense, but we are ready to argue with it now, as we have seen from our own experience that it is possible to realize the idea. What is most interesting, there are even several methods of installation of the structure.
What is a bottle greenhouse for?
Indeed, why is it, if there are prefabricated structures made of profile and glass, greenhouses made of polycarbonate, pipes, films or even old doors? Why reinvent the wheel, if everything has been invented for a long time? But there is always an answer.
Plastic bottle greenhouse is a real cost savings, because for its construction you only need to order a timber in size, buy nails and collect bottles. 400-600 containers can be enough for an average building, and believe me, this is not so much, because according to statistics, the average family throws up to 30 such plastic containers per month.
This design is very strong and, oddly enough, durable. It has been experimentally established that plastic bottles wear out almost 30 times longer than ordinary film for covering the greenhouse structure.
In addition to all of the above, a bottle greenhouse holds heat perfectly due to the effect of a thermos (cavity inside the bottles). Experienced summer residents argue that for early spring sowing do not even have to warm up the structure, of course, depending on the region.
There are a lot of similar arguments - the light weight of the greenhouse, the simple assembly and replacement of broken walls, the incredible strength of the material, durability, cost, excellent appearance and others, but is there any point to discuss something else when it is necessary to take and build ...
DIY greenhouse from bottles
Do you think this is difficult? You are mistaken, because simply having learned the technology and the correct algorithm, even a schoolchild will be able to build this building in a few days. If you are going to a small company of like-minded people, at least 2-3 people, you can complete the project within a day.
Tools and materials for work
To work with the installation and assembly of the frame, as well as the installation of walls from bottles, we need an awl, a cutter, a hacksaw, a hammer, nails, a nylon thread, a tape measure, a level, a pencil and paper.
To implement the project, you will need plastic bottles (the quantity depends on the size of the greenhouse), a wooden beam and a mounting rail.
Greenhouse dimensions and design
It is not necessary to especially spend time on the project here, it is only desirable to indicate on the drawing the height, width and length of the greenhouse, the frequency of installation of the carriers, the shape of the roof and other little things. It is for this that you will need to know the exact dimensions that can be transferred to paper.
Further, the simplest project and estimate, which once again proves that there are practically no expenses in our business.
Site selection and site preparation
We all know very well where the greenhouse should be located - on the south, south-east or south-west side of the buildings to provide normal lighting and high-quality protection from cold winds. If the greenhouse is installed in an open area, then you will have to think only about the location of the beds inside, but this already depends on the type of crops for growing.
Preparation of the territory for placement of the structure is very simple - cleaning the surface of the soil from a variety of shoots and debris. In addition, you will need to correctly mark the territory.
Installing a Bottle Greenhouse Frame
We will not need the foundation for the greenhouse, as our construction is very light. The only thing required is to raise the base slightly above the surface of the soil to protect it from moisture. For example, you can install the structure on cinder blocks, logs or thick beams.
If there is a ready-made foundation from the old greenhouse, you can use it, but here it is important not to forget about replacing the soil and disinfecting the old building from former plant diseases and infections.
Now build the wireframe. To do this, we need to lay a rectangular base of thick bars, say, 10x7 cm. Next, we need to install vertical support beams from the same beam, with a step of 1-1.2 m, assemble the frame under the roof, tie everything in the middle with a beam, for example, on 1.5 m from the ground. This is necessary to strengthen the structure and give it stability.
To assemble the greenhouse, we use a hacksaw for cutting wood, a hammer and nails, or a screwdriver and self-tapping screws for the assembly itself.
When the frame is ready, you can move on to the most important thing - building walls from bottles.
Building the walls of a bottle greenhouse
For the correct assembly of the structure, only a few basic rules must be observed:
- You should immediately cut the bottom of the bottles with a cutter so that you can put them on one another, but the cut should be done at the bottom of the bottle, where there is a transition from the bottom to the wide part, so that the bonding is more difficult and high-quality;
- Now you should set the first row of bottles to warp. They should be with the bottom, but with a cut off top, so that through the emptiness of the bottle, it can be nailed or screwed with a self-tapping screw to the frame of wood;
- Next, we collect the columns from the tanks, stringing them on top of each other already with a cut of the lower part. Try not to save and tightly collect the columns by pressing;
- So that the columns do not stagger, between the vertical load-bearing members of the timber, which we have located with a small step of 1-1.2 m, we need to pull the thread to fix it, or fill the mounting rail evenly.
You can build the structure in a slightly different way, starting not from the bottom row, but from the side row, and installing ready-made columns assembled from bottles in the walls.
The roof can also be built from bottles, in exactly the same way as the walls, but you will need to work with the finished columns. It will be necessary to install a more frequent crate so that building material does not fall inside the greenhouse due to its own, albeit not large, but weight.
For tightness, the roof is tied with tape or can be covered on top with plastic oilcloth. It will take a little bit, only to prevent the penetration of moisture inside and to ensure the flow of water and snow from the roof.
If there is a problem with the roof crate, instead of a wooden frame, you can put an ordinary metal mesh, fixing it on the main wooden frame of the roof.
Building a greenhouse out of plastic bottle plates
We will slightly change the technology, but only in relation to plastic material. Now we will build not from whole tanks, but from plates made on their basis.
- To do this, you will need to cut the top and bottom of the bottle, and cut the resulting so-called pipe. As a result, we get a fairly strong rectangle of plastic.
- We sew all the resulting rectangles with a thin wire or a special cord thread, after making holes with an awl. The main requirement is that the firmware is not flush, but with an overlap so that one plate comes into another.
- The fastening of the finished material, that is, the bottle made of bottle plastic, takes place on the frame very simply - on the one hand the fabric is pressed against the frame with a rail and sits on nails or screws. Further, it will need to be pulled, and fixed in the same way from the other three sides.
There are several other ways of constructing such structures - from large plastic bottles, from glued bottles, and so on, but we believe that the most reliable and high-quality greenhouses will be built using the technologies described above.
Secrets of building construction
- It’s worth collecting material under the greenhouse in advance, perhaps from the very end of summer, in order to collect the right amount for the next spring.
- You can always buy bottles or ask neighbors of summer residents for whom they do not need.
- You can cut the material in different ways - using a mounting knife, a cutter, or just big scissors.
- You can fasten the material together with a thread, fishing line, wire, or you can glue it, slightly melting the edges on a fire.
- For the construction and convenient operation, the correct solution would be to collect the same bottles. Most suitable for a comfortable construction are 1.5 l tanks.
- If you are worried about the strength of the walls and their stability, there are many ways to provide these qualities - pull nylon threads on both sides of the greenhouse more often, install a thin crate, but every two or three bottles, install a metal mesh on both sides, the thinnest, just in tightness.
- If you are not comfortable building a roof in this way, you can always just pull on an inexpensive film. The main thing is that it lasts for one year, and in the next one you can always buy a new one, because it will cost a penny.
- Doors to the greenhouse can also be made bottled, but in order not to torment themselves, a frame door made of wood covered with a film will be enough.
Inexpensive bottle greenhouse
Choose a greenhouse from plastic bottles and you will never regret it. Durability, strength, simple assembly and minimal maintenance, quick replacement of damaged elements, and most importantly - the ridiculous cost of the greenhouse. Agree, great idea !!!
Greenhouse constructions from plastic bottles (20 photos)