Do-it-yourself terrace is the pride of any owner of suburban real estate. Independent construction and design of such a building in the country will not require significant financial costs and special skills.
What is the difference between a terrace and a veranda
Before proceeding with the construction of a veranda or terrace, you need to know that the first cottage building can be represented by a glazed or open room, built into or attached to the house, and the second option involves the arrangement of an open flooring on a previously prepared base. The veranda can be glazed, while the terrace is an open area.
A mandatory element of the veranda is the roof, which is completely absent from the terrace. The veranda is a part of the home ownership or an extension to it, while the terrace space is necessarily taken out of the house, and is often built on a small artificial hill. Among other things, if necessary, the veranda can be insulated, and the terrace is unsuitable for such events.
Terraces in our country began to be built much earlier. Medieval Russian architecture allowed the construction of galleries on pillars that were adjacent to the main log house and were used as a walking space. Today, there are no strict architectural standards, regulating the arrangement of the local area, therefore, in the conditions of suburban home ownership, verandas and terraces are increasingly being built at the same time, characterized by increased functionality.
Types of design and layout options
Terrace - a platform or open flooring on a previously prepared solid foundation, most often represented by supports. Recently, the clear distinction between terraces and verandas has been erased, therefore, in terms of architectural features the following types of structures are being erected on the personal territory:
- fully enclosed options with walls and roofs adjacent to the main building or standing separately, which allows you to hide from atmospheric precipitation and direct sunlight if necessary;
- glazed light and airy options, often complemented by a transparent polycarbonate roof or skylight;
- half-open terraces without walls, but with any roof shape and size - a practical and functional hybrid option between a closed and a fully open structure;
- a kind of half-open room with walls, but without a roof, which allows to achieve not only the original visual effect, but also to produce the most successful zoning of the entire space;
- teppaca-pergola with a canopy in the form of an unusual lattice ceiling and very elegant openwork walls that penetrate sunlight well, but scatter it, creating some shading;
- the so-called "balcony" options have recently gained particular popularity and allow you to successfully combine urban style with a comfortable amount of natural vegetation;
- a patio, represented by a peculiar open version and characterized by the obligatory presence of a recreation area with a stove or fireplace, surrounded by a few vegetation;
- teppaca - a summer kitchen where zoning of the total area into the space for cooking and eating, as well as the green recreation area, is easy;
- teppaca-cocoon with futuristic streamlined shapes that can simply fit perfectly into the surrounding landscape, and are represented by floor flowing into the walls, as well as walls flowing into the ceiling, which creates a sense of organicity and comfort;
- the original teppaca transformer is a mobile and multifunctional design with a panoramic window, folding down and forming a spacious recreation area.
The most economical way of arranging is still the construction of a traditional open area, which can be combined with special bridges with a porch. Of particular importance in such a building is given to the floor of boards, concrete or bulk gravel in a special reinforced "formwork box". A wooden outdoor area is necessarily treated with antiseptic compounds, after which it is coated with paint or special waterproof varnishes. In this case, a fireproof zone is set up for a barbecue, fireplace or stove, which can be done at some distance and laid out with stone, tile or concrete.
How to build a terrace with your own hands
How to make a terrace in the country with your own hands
Properly building a classic version yourself is not too difficult.Phased such an event is as follows:
- selection of the most suitable place for construction;
- creation of sketches and final project;
- calculation of the necessary materials;
- direct construction erection.
It is important to carefully and responsibly approach the decision of each item of the plan, since not only the aesthetic attractiveness of the building being built, but also the safety of its operation and durability directly depends on it.
Project development, site selection and calculations
Despite the great number of ready-made projects and drawings, many owners of suburban real estate prefer to independently develop such documentation based on the landscape features of the local area and personal preferences. In this case, it is possible to build an individual and maximally functional building.
Rules for choosing a place and project, as well as independent calculations are as follows:
- when choosing a place for the construction of the structure, preference should be given to elevated areas, taking into account the wind rose and a good overview of the entire house area;
- the location in the northern part of the plot guarantees coolness and shade, while the southern terraces, on the contrary, are characterized by maximum illumination;
- the size of the structure must necessarily be determined not only by the financial capabilities of the builder, but also by the main purpose of the structure.
When choosing materials, it is advisable to take into account individual preferences, as well as the general style or decor of the territory and the budget allocated for the construction. Wood belongs to the category of light and readily available materials whose service life does not exceed a quarter of a century. A wooden building must be systematically impregnated with antiseptic compounds, painted and replaced with parts that have become unusable.
The masonry terraces have a solid and beautiful appearance, and are also very durable, but its construction will require the involvement of professional masons. Among other things, such material is quite expensive, and its delivery may be fraught with some problems. Especially popular in recent years are openwork forged designs., which in addition to unusual attractiveness are very expensive, and their independent production is almost impossible.
Phased construction of an open terrace: from laying the foundation to laying the roof
The open design is the simplest and most affordable for self-construction. Usually standard a set of necessary materials and working tools is presented:
- construction tape measure;
- a set of screwdrivers;
- a drill;
- hammer and chisel;
- building level;
- a paint brush, antiseptic or paint;
- a shovel;
- wooden boards;
- stone and metal blanks.
Depending on the type of construction being constructed, the set and number of tools may vary to some extent.
DIY terrace railing
Phased technology for the construction of an open terrace area:
- marking the territory and installing along the perimeter of wooden pegs with a cord;
- laying at the corners of the temporary support and side logs at a height of 0.3-0.4 m above ground level;
- by means of the building level, horizontal alignment of the constructed site with a slope of a couple of degrees from the home ownership to ensure a high-quality drainage system;
- alignment of the stretched cord along the upper edge of the log and tight fixation to the peg to create an even base;
- lag removal and installation in the corners of cement columns in height in accordance with the temporary support under the logs;
- digging a trench between the columns and pouring cement mortar with the installation of sidewalk curbs at half height;
- leveling the structure and filling with sand the remaining voids near the installed borders.
After the support pillars harden, the wooden flooring is mounted. First you need to lay and fix the logs on the curbs. After marking, the bars are laid, which are joined to the lags by corners. At the final stage, floorboards are laid with a ventilation gap. The resulting coating can be varnished or stained.
How to build a covered terrace
The first stage of the construction of the closed version does not differ from the construction of an open building, but it is recommended to perform a more reliable and solid foundation foundation. As a rule, in this case, experts recommend giving preference to a strip foundation with reinforcement and deepening to the level of soil freezing. During the installation of vertical racks, you can immediately make a window sill, which is most often made of timber fixed with vertical posts by means of a spike connection.
Additional elements in the form of railings, non-capital walls, roofs and various superstructures can be mounted together. In this case, they will form a single whole with the terrace platform, and the fastening is carried out to the beam base. Fixation of the most massive structures, including heavy roofing, is preferably carried out on the support pillars towering above the surface of the terrace base.
A very popular option is a roof based on color or standard translucent polycarbonate. Such material does not require the arrangement of a very strong foundation, therefore, it is simple enough to cement the support pillars made of timber at the corners of the terrace. When using the building exclusively in the warm season, it is possible to equip a modern and practical removable roof in the form of a reliable fabric canopy that can be retracted and retracted manually or using automation.
Ideas for interior and exterior decoration of a country terrace
The final stage of construction is the exterior and interior decoration of the building, as well as the implementation of landscaping and arrangement of garden furniture. In open areas, it is advisable to use non-soaking interior items, as well as container decorative foliage and flowering crops. In closed spaces, design is limited only by financial capabilities, and individual preferences.
Also Recently, terraces with underfloor heating have been particularly popular. In this case, a strapping is laid over the foundation pillars. The upper level of the beam run must coincide with the upper level of the strapping beam. Boards are packed on top of the run and harness, and waterproofing material is also laid. Logs are laid on the waterproofing, and the resulting niches are filled with heat-insulating material in the form of expanded clay, plate or roll insulation. Finishing of the flooring is done by decking.
Types and options for placing terraces
The right choice of high-quality building materials, as well as competent drawing up and designing, will guarantee a beautiful, reliable and durable construction. If elementary construction skills or the practice of working with wood and other materials are completely absent, it is advisable to invite experienced specialists to build the terrace.