Strelitzia, or Strelitzia, refers to the type family of the Strelitziaceae family. The composition includes four species that grow on the territory of South Africa. Strelitzia or the Bird of Paradise flower is one of the most colorful flowers in the world, which is why many experienced and novice amateur gardeners dream of growing this plant at home.
In natural conditions, Strelitzia is an evergreen herbaceous perennial, and the largest specimens can reach a height of ten or more meters. The average height of most species varies between 2.0-3.5 m. The root root system goes deep into the ground.
The foliage on Strelitzia is large, oval, leathery, green in color with the presence of a bluish-bluish coating. The average leaf length is in the range of 35-190 cm. The average leaf width can vary from 12 to 75 cm. In appearance, the leaves of this decorative culture have a strong resemblance to banana leaves, but have longer and well-developed petioles.
The flowers are located on long peduncles and have orange and purple petals. Inflorescences are horizontally located and resemble tufts of strange birds. The average diameter varies from 12 to 18 cm. Each peduncle has six or more flowers that gradually open and provide long-term flowering of this highly decorative plant. In indoor conditions, Strelitzia also bloom quite long and plentifully. Indoor Strelitzia blooms in a wave-like fashion. The plant is perfect for cutting and stored in a vase for almost a month.
How to grow Strelitzia
Varietal and species diversity
Clan Strelitzia includes several possible varieties, but six species are especially popular with amateur gardeners of our country. All these species are highly decorative, and, despite their tropical origin, easily tolerate indoor growing conditions, and with proper care it shows bright and abundant flowering.
|Russian name of the species||Latin name of the species||Description of shoots||Leaf description||Description of flowers|
|White Strelitzia||Strelitzia alba||Upright Tall Solitary Escape||Very large, banana-shaped, glossy, green, up to a meter long||Whitish staining, no more than 7.0-7.5 cm long|
|Tailed Strelitzia||Strelitzia caudata||Erect type, tall, single spaced shoot||Banana-shaped, green, shiny, fan-shaped, up to a meter long||Specific to the appearance, white and pink staining|
|Reed Leaf Strelitzia||Strelitzia juncifolia||Upright shrubby elevated part up to one and a half meters||Elongated type, reed-like, green staining||Original, orange-grayish-purple stain|
|Strelitzia Nicholas||Strelitzia nicolai||A flowering, well-developed shoot||Large, grayish staining||Bluish or white staining|
|Small-leaved Strelitzia||Strelitzia parvifolia||Not too tall, up to a meter in height, straight-growing, blooming||Long and fairly tight, grayish-green, thin-lobed||Bluish and orange staining|
|Royal strelitzia||Strelitzia reginae||Erect flowering shoot up to one and a half meters high||Grayish staining, canniform||Purple and bright orange staining.|
The technology of growing a paradise flower from seeds
Relative cold tolerance does not allow cultivating decorative strelitzia in open ground in most regions of our country, and the plant is grown as a room culture. The plant is among the rare enough in domestic florists, which is caused by the specificity of culture reproduction. Strelitzia seed material shows stable germination only in freshly collected form and is not subject to long-term storage.
Seeds of Strelitzia ornamental plant need preliminary preparation in the form of soaking in water with a temperature of 35-40about. After swelling, sowing is carried out in individual landing containers with a volume of 0.2 l with high-quality drainage holes. The soil substrate should consist of one part of compost, one part of peat and one part of large, clean river sand. After filling the seedling tank three quarters with soil, a layer of wet sand is poured on top, into which the seeds that have been prepared are buried. Crops should be covered with plastic wrap.
Before the first shoots, depending on the external conditions and species characteristics, a month and a half or six months can pass. The temperature in the room during the entire time of germination Strelitzia must be maintained at 22-24aboutC. Crop tanks should be located in a place shaded from direct sunlight. You can remove the film cover only after the appearance of the first true leaf on the seedlings.
Further care for Strelitzia young plants is through regular irrigation activities. After the plant becomes large enough, a transplant is made into a flower pot. It is important to remember that the pot must have high-quality drainage holes. Plants need to be transplanted very carefully, due to the presence of thick but fragile roots. Strelitzia begins to bloom in the fourth or fifth year after sowing seeds.
Other breeding methods
Growing from seeds is far from the only way to obtain a Strelitzia ornamental plant. The propagation of strelitzia can be carried out not only by seeds, but also by dividing an adult plant, as well as by separating the lateral shoots. Plant division should be carried out after the flowering phase in the last decade of May or in early June.
The separated part of Strelitzia must have a pair of growth points. Planting is carried out in a fairly high flower pot filled with a nutritious soil mixture suitable for growing indoor plants. A good result is the addition of the finished planting soil with peat and washed coarse sand.
How to transplant Strelitzia
Features of home care
Strelitzia is not particularly whimsical, but it is possible to obtain a highly decorative and flowering indoor plant only if certain rules for growing at home are observed.
Strelitzia prefers a fairly moist soil, which is especially true in the spring-summer period. But, It is very important to prevent stagnation of water at the root system. Irrigation is carried out with settled, dechlorinated water at room temperature. In winter, watering a Strelitzia houseplant should be moderate, but without the overdrying of an earthen coma in a flower pot.
For a houseplant such as strelitzia, photophilousness is characteristic, therefore, with insufficient lighting, indoor culture does not bloom. You should not place the plant in the open, scorching sunlight in the summer, and the ideal option is to grow on the windows of the eastern direction. Only competent care can make a Strelitzia bloom, as well as the correct location and creation of comfortable conditions.
Temperature and Humidity
The most comfortable conditions suggest temperature conditions at the level of 18-20 ° С, and if these indicators decrease to 10 ° С, the indoor flower can be destroyed. In the summer, the plant is allowed to be placed outdoors. Strelitzia is very responsive to cultivation in conditions of sufficient humidity and in the spring-summer period of time it is recommended to spray daily the aerial parts of the houseplant.
Young indoor flowers need replanting as the root system grows and develops. Adult Strelitzia needs to be provided with a transplant once every couple of years. In this case, the flower pot should be high, due to botanical features and the location of the root system of decorative room culture.
When transplanting Strelitzia, flower pots need to be filled with nutritious soil, which should include two parts of sod land, two parts of leafy soil, two parts of humus, one part of coarse sand and one part of peat. At the bottom of the flower pot, a quality drainage layer should be poured.
Problems of decorative room culture
Subject to cultivation technology, Strelitzia is extremely rarely affected by pathogenic microflora or damaged by plant parasites. Nevertheless, novice amateur gardeners may encounter the following problems during the indoor cultivation of Strelitzia:
- indoor culture is sometimes damaged by mealybugs, spider mites or scale insects, to combat which it is best to use a double treatment with Actara and acaricides with a three-week break;
- the absence of flowering in plants older than five years may require providing a flower with temperature stress at 12aboutFROM;
- no less common problem is yellowing of the foliage, which is most often caused by improper irrigation measures or damage by root rot;
- another reason for yellowing Strelitzia foliage may be low temperature or lack of sufficient lighting;
- the tips of the leaves most often dry due to insufficient moisture in the soil and with a low level of humidity.
Strelitzia: open field farming
Experienced growers recommend using electric humidifiers to increase the level of humidity. In general, Strelitzia is unpretentious, and subject to the rules of growing is not only a very beautiful indoor plant, but also fully justifies the significance of the flower - a talisman for strong, brave and successful people.