Periwinkle is considered not only an original and attractive looking plant, but also a magical flower that has the great power of love, wealth and protection of the genus. Therefore, and maybe because of the decoration of the garden, many summer residents began to grow it on their own flower beds.
Of course, in most cases, the reason for the periwinkle planting in the country is its natural beauty, and not magic at all. But if a flower protects the house from evil spirits and fills it with grace, this is also good.
At the moment, in the world there are not so many species, just a little more than a dozen, but each of them has its own characteristics that allow the plant not only to take root in certain conditions, but also fit into the landscape design, corresponding to one or another human requirements .
This species is unpretentious and frost-resistant, great for beginner gardeners. He does not need special planting rules and conditions of detention, and therefore, growing a small periwinkle in his country house is very simple.
The homeland of the plant with long shoots, dark green leaves and incomparable blue flowering is Asia Minor and Europe, and that is why it is so well established in our regions. Flowering occurs in May-June, but even after that, the periwinkle can decorate the garden for a long time, since it is possible to re-bloom at the end of summer, and its leaves do not die out in winter. Thanks to the work of scientists and breeders, today you can choose a variety with white, pink and even red flowering.
Unpretentious and large species native to North Africa, Asia Minor and Southern Europe. It can grow up to 30 cm in height and delight with large evergreen leaves. It blooms in the same way as small, but only large, up to 4 cm in diameter, flowers. It grows rapidly and occupies vast territories, tolerates trampling and normally lives in partial shade, but it is advisable to insulate it only for the winter, since the variety does not have enviable frost resistance.
The homeland of this plant is generally close to us, since these are the European plains, the Carpathian mountains, the Crimean zone and the Caucasus. A perennial plant that is able to form very long shoots every year, sometimes more than 1 meter in length. Grass blooms in June, throwing a lot of blue flowers against a background of dark green leaves. The plant prefers moderate humidity, and even drier places with good lighting, grows freely by rooting shoots at the end of the warm season.
Most often, a wild plant, which can be found in the forests of the Caucasus. This species blooms in May-June, like other relatives, forms an extensive carpet throughout the territory during the warm season. It blooms with medium, up to 3.5 cm in diameter, blue flowers that go well with a dark green leafy background. The plant is not frost-resistant and evergreen, necessarily covering for the winter.
There are still a number of species, but those listed by us are the most popular, and the reason for this is the excellent survival rate on our lands.
Cultivation in the country
By and large, it is always easy to grow unpretentious flowers, but if you want to see not just a wild, completely left to the will of nature, but beautiful and shaped plant, it will take some time. To do this, it is advisable to study agricultural technology, to clarify the features of cultivation and care.
Where to plant periwinkle in the country?
That's right, you should initially choose the area where the plant will feel the best. If we judge the requirements of the plant, then it can generally be planted anywhere in the garden, only on a plain or on a hill, since most varieties do not tolerate high humidity, but in connection with the desire to grow a beautiful plant, you should pay attention to the correct location of the flower.
The flower feels best in areas with medium light, and even in the shade or partial shade, but survives in severe shading, and even in the constant scorching sun.
Planting should occur in fertile, well-drained, loose soil of a neutral reaction, but the flower grows well on any other soil, as it is unpretentious. Naturally, if you comply with the requirements, the plant will be more magnificent, and its colors more vibrant.
Experts recommend planting periwinkle in near-stem circles of cherries, apple trees and pears, as the soil in this location is most suitable.
Like any other plant, the periwinkle responds well to the correct and timely feeding, as due to them it can show all the beauty of leaves and flowers. Fertilize with both mineral and organic fertilizers. The most appropriate solution would be to use high-quality organic matter - leaf soil, compost and humus.
The flower does not need special watering; natural precipitation is quite enough for it, even if they fall in small quantities. But, in order to slightly wash off the dust from the plant, as well as to nourish its roots with moisture, in a dry summer, rare moistening of the soil under the plant is possible.
Flowers do not require special cleaning of weeds next to them, since they also quietly survive among them, but, for your own satisfaction and the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of the plant, still, remove weeds in the beds.
To increase the possibility of tillering of the periwinkle, as well as to provide it with flowering, not only nutrients are needed, but also pinching of young and old shoots, and this is an important point.
Wintering of the plant can take place without supervision, so to speak, without your attention, but remember that some varieties can lose young shoots in frost, even if the variety itself is winter-hardy. Therefore, it is better to play it safe and cover the plant for the winter, especially if it concerns the pubescent periwinkle.
Growing from seeds is not welcomed by summer residents and professional gardeners, but propagation by cuttings or dividing the bush are quite popular methods.
Landing occurs in late summer or early spring, the beginning of September is considered the best period. You can plant a periwinkle in the spring.
Planting takes place in a clean, fertile soil, according to the scheme 30x30 cm. If planting was made in the spring, then by the cold season the plant will already form strong, independent plants.
Both autumn and spring plantings of young periwinkle, which is propagated by dividing the bush or petioles, it is advisable to cover with a layer of leaves for the winter, regardless of the frost resistance of the species and variety.
Quite often, periwinkle is used as medicine, there is even a pharmacy tincture, which helps against a number of diseases. H, due to the many recipes of traditional medicine, the plant can be harvested at the end of the warm season.
Properly prepared plant materials help even with serious diseases: with hypertension, migraine, vasospasms, intestinal and gastric diseases, and so on.
But, despite the healing characteristics of the plant, the use of the flower is mostly decorative. To decorate houses and buildings in the country, they use a room periwinkle and some of its varieties.
To decorate the landscape of a summer cottage area, varieties can be used:
- variegated periwinkle,
Video about growing periwinkle in the country
Periwinkle is a very interesting and attractive plant, and therefore, if you are thinking about planting it in the country, try to convince yourself to do it as soon as possible.