In recent years, dwarf trees have received unprecedented recognition, and are now widely used not only in farm gardening, but also in private summer cottages. The reason for this is a number of advantages due to which low-growing gardens have special agricultural technology and can give a good harvest.
Thanks to a careful study of the pros and cons of dwarf gardens, you can easily determine how such plantings are suitable for your site and fit your personal requirements.
The benefits of dwarf gardens
We will start, as usual, on the positive sides, thanks to which such green areas have gained some popularity around the world:
- Early entry into fruiting. This is a very important indicator, both for industrial and private gardening, because we plant fruit crops on the site not at all for beauty, namely, for a plentiful harvest. So, an ordinary fruit tree comes into fruition 5-6 years after planting. For more than ten years it has been increasing and stabilizing productivity, and only by the age of 17-18 it begins to produce constantly abundant crops, that is, the time for complete fruiting begins. For dwarf pears and apple trees, the situation is slightly different. The first fruiting occurs in 3-4 years after planting, but they can begin to give a full crop in 8-10 years. Simple mathematics helps to calculate that dwarf trees begin to produce a full crop almost 10 years earlier;
- Simple plant care. Standard fruit trees reach a height of 7–9 meters and a crown width of 5–8 meters. If we take some special varieties, then these figures may increase slightly. This is the main reason, because at the level of human growth there is only a small part of the crown, and its main part is much higher, therefore, it is very difficult to harvest, trim or process the tree at that height, and for this you have to use a special tool or even technique. If we consider dwarf trees, then there are no such problems. The whole complex of care can be provided directly from the ground, since the height of such apple trees and pears is, on average, about 2.5 m. Harvesting, cutting off unnecessary shoots, and spraying will be much easier;
- Dwarf trees feeding area - Another fairly significant advantage over tall. Here the calculation is also very simple. In a tall tree, this area can reach 40-48 m2, in some varieties, and even more. If you take dwarf trees, for example, apple trees grafted on a paralysis, you can feel a significant difference in the area of nutrition, because it is only 8-9 m2. The conclusion suggests itself: in the area of a standard tall fruit plant, 4-6 dwarf plants can be grown;
- Productivity - the most significant advantage, which you can rely on when choosing. Professional gardeners, breeders and agronomists have repeatedly proved the fact that the productivity of dwarf crops is much higher than the productivity of tall fruit trees. It is worth noting the quality of the fruits, which grow larger and closer to the standards.
This list of benefits allows us to draw some conclusions that work exclusively in the direction of undersized gardens.
Dwarf trees can be grown as independent plants, or as sealants among tall fruit crops.
If you mix the planting, this will not affect the quality of the fruits of various varieties and types of fruit trees, and even, on the contrary, you will be able to grow much more individual fruit varieties on the site of the same area, and consistently receive high-quality fruit products from them.
Dwarf conifers in the garden
Disadvantages of undersized trees
Unfortunately, there are a number of disadvantages when growing a dwarf garden:
- Serious upfront costs. Naturally, when planting it requires much more planting material than when laying an ordinary orchard, and this increases the initial costs several times, which can stagger the budget;
- Plant life span. Dwarf and semi-dwarf varieties on rootstocks live much less than strongly-grown fruit trees, and you must take this fact into account when planting single specimens in a summer cottage or when laying a garden of an industrial scale;
- Support costs. Many dwarf varieties of fruit trees have a superficial root system, and therefore the trees can specifically suffer from hurricane winds, washings, or even during a high harvest, when there are a lot of fruits on the branches and a small tree can simply fall on its side under their total weight. For this reason, experts recommend installing supports, preferably under each individual tree, since it is almost impossible to predict which plant can give a roll or fall;
- Loss and change of variety. With an improper or just deep planting, dwarf trees can lose their properties and completely go to the roots of the scion;
- Care. We have already said that caring for such a garden is much easier than for rich plantings of tall-growing fruit trees, but it is worth noting that the care procedures should be carried out much more often, which also makes its negative adjustments to the gardener's regime and schedule. And this is watering, and pruning, and fertilizer;
- Weakness of some varieties. There are a certain number of varieties of dwarf trees that do not tolerate severe frosts, so you need to seriously think about the right choice of planting material or constantly wrapping and covering the vegetation from frost;
- Need for faster pruning. This is not a whim for forming a crown or an original view of the garden, but a natural requirement for a miniature green area. All the trees in it, in particular, grafted on a paradise, require constant pruning. This will save your crop from shredding and loss of presentation, and the garden itself - from breaking branches.
As you can see, there are many shortcomings in the dwarf garden, but here it is worth knowing that many of them are fixable. And if this is so, then before laying the kindergarten you will only need to correctly determine the planting material, as well as clearly follow all the requirements for planting.