Tricks

Melon cultivation in the middle lane and in the north of Russia


Juicy, sweet, fragrant melon melts in your mouth and brings pleasure! Different in shape and taste melons have many varieties. That's just all they love to grow in the same conditions - conditions of dry and hot air. They do not like excessive watering and moisture. The sun is for them the best friend and comrade, and they are not at all afraid to expose their sides to the open rays of the sun. So it turns out that the best settlement for growing vegetables on the open ground will be the south of our large country.

And it is insulting to the inhabitants of the north of the country, and to those who live in central Russia that they cannot plant melon in the garden in the garden or in the country, and in the fall enjoy the wonderful taste of this southern beauty. And no! Do not be upset! You can grow it here, in the middle lane, and in Siberia.

We select and prepare the site

Since this culture loves to grow on fertile warm patches of land, and even hidden from the wind, we will prepare what it loves. And start preparing in the fall. In the autumn, dig a bed shallowly, onto the bayonet of a shovel and introduce humus, like fertilizer, per 3-4 square meter. If your site has more clay soil, it will also be necessary to “fluff” it with river sand (half a bucket of sand per square meter).

So leave the bed until spring. In the spring, back to work: once again dig and fertilize with potassium and phosphate. And the proportions will be written on the packaging of fertilizers. Before planting, you will need to add rotted manure or nitrogen fertilizers.

Seed preparation

The soil has been prepared, now you need to prepare the seeds to grow seedlings. Seeds can be bought at the store, or you can procure them yourself. Melons, as it turns out, are very interesting plants: strong and strong plants can grow from the seeds of last year's crop, but they can’t bring a hearth. This is because the flowers on them will be male and there may not be ovaries. And in order to have a good harvest, it is advisable to take seeds three to four years ago.

Seeds for sowing seedlings need to be selected large and need to be processed with the composition for such seeds (you can buy in the store). You can treat the seeds with a solution of boric acid with zinc sulfate. In this solution, you need to soak the seeds for 12 hours.

To grow a plant in the Non-Black Earth Region, wise gardeners advise seeds to harden. Dip in warm (up to 35 degrees) water, take out and soak for 18 days from 18 to 20 degrees, then gradually lower the temperature to 0 degrees and keep the seeds for another eighteen to twenty hours. After that, again increase the temperature to 20 degrees. And so it must be done three times in the last week before planting seeds.

We grow seedlings

To grow seedlings, you need to purchase peat pots (or peat tablets) in diameter up to ten centimeters. Fill plastic or cardboard pots with soil for garden crops or a soil mixture of the following composition: mix peat with sand (9 parts peat and 1 part sand) and one glass of wood ash per 10 liters of soil.

Soaking the seeds before planting for a day, you can discard empty seeds (they will pop up). To plant seeds, in prepared pots, you need two or three little things up to five centimeters deep. Pots with seeds until the first sprouts appear must be kept indoors at a temperature of 18-20 degrees during the day, and the night temperature should not be below fifteen.

Somewhere in a week, the first shoots should appear, they must be thinned and leave one strong sprout in the pot. When the third or fourth real leaf appears, seedlings need to be clipped, this can lead to the development of side shoots. Take care of seedlings in the usual way, only water less, and without getting water on the leaves and stems. So that there is no black leg, around the leg you can sprinkle a layer of river sand, only dry. You need to sow the seeds in April, and only after twenty-five days can you transplant them into the ground.

Video - how to grow a melon

Landing

In the soil that you prepared, make holes in 70-80 centimeters from each other both in width and in the length of the bed. When frosting seedlings can not be planted, it is better to wait them out. It will be in early June in central Russia.

The most important thing when transplanting seedlings is not to damage the roots of the future melon. It is better to plant it together with the land in the pot of which it grew. Before landing, water is poured into the hole and a little humus is introduced. Seedlings need to be planted so that the stem does not go deep. The lump of land with which seedlings were planted should be slightly on the surface of the earth. Sprinkle the planted seedlings again and sprinkle with dry soil. The first two days the seedlings need to create a shadow, so it will be better taken. In the presence of strong temperature extremes of day and night, create still fragile landing, a covering from a film. Such coverings can be put at night, and cleaned during the day. They can be covered from the rains.

If you have your own greenhouse, we recommend that you read the article “Growing melons in a greenhouse“.


Varieties of melon

Alushta (Crimean experimental station), the ripening period is 70 days. The fruits are large, oval, ripen up to 1.3-1.5 kg, orange-yellow, with rare elongated dark orange stains. White, sweet, juicy pulp. The rating for the tasting is 4.6. Productivity is high, 145-175 centners per hectare.

Dessert 5 (selected by the Krasnodar Research Institute of Vegetable Management), small, shortened oval, finely meshed surface, reach 1.6 kg, a lot of pulp, white-green color, very sweet, tender. The tasting score is 4.8. High-yielding variety - 40-160 centners per hectare. Differs in good keeping quality.

Among mid-season varieties (80-90 days), it should be noted the variety Golden (created by the Krasnodar Research Institute). The shape of the fruit is close to round, the net is weakly expressed, the color is yellow with an orange tint, weight is 1.3-1.6 kg. This variety has juicy, white flesh. Tasting - 3.9-4.0. The average yield is -120 centners per hectare. The advantage is disease resistance.

Southerner, or it’s also called Water lily. (Kuban experimental station VNIIR). Fruits are round with longitudinal ribs, orange-yellow, large, 1.8-1.9 kg. The tasting score is 4.7 points. This variety is considered high-yielding, in successful years, you can collect up to 220-240 centners per hectare. Sugar content as a collective farmer.

The most stable, widespread and most suitable for the middle strip grade is Collective farmer (developed by the Biryuchekutsk experimental station). The fruits are orange, round, weighing about 1 kg. The pulp is light, white, unusually sweet. Tasting - 5.0. You can collect about 100 centners per hectare per season.

Care

All the time, while the melon will grow in the ground, it must be loosened, weed, water and spud. You also need to pinch the lashes of melon.

Loosening

The first two loosening of row-spacings should be carried out no deeper than 15 centimeters. The next time loosening should be carried out no deeper than 10 centimeters, this should not be done next to the stem. After the appearance of the first lateral lashes, the plant should be huddled, raking up a roller of earth to the plant stem.

Watering

Melon grows on melon with almost no moisture, then create the same conditions for it and water it as moderately as possible. And if in the morning dew on the grass, then watering is completely canceled. It is necessary to water carefully between rows so that water does not fall on the leaves and lashes of melon.

Topping

As we said earlier, the first time you pinch a melon when it was in seedlings. After planting the plant in the ground and its adaptation, you need to re-pinch the main stem (above the seventh leaf). In the same way, it should be done with the side lashes, then remove all unnecessary flowers and leave three already tied fruits that are not next to each other, but at a distance. All shoots that were left without fruit should be removed so as not to pull the juices from the main stem.

Top dressing

The plant should be fed. And the first time this should be done after two weeks, landing in the ground. Feeding can be saltpeter, chicken manure or mullein. And the following dressings are carried out every 10 days. You can buy complex fertilizers for this fertilizer or also with diluted chicken manure and add ash. When the fruits come to maturity, feeding is no longer necessary.

Melon beds should be weeded only when necessary. It is necessary to regulate the growth of lashes and direct them so that they do not fall into the aisle. And under each melon that has begun, you need to put plywood or planks, so you will save the fruits when you touch the wet ground from decay.

When describing caring for a melon, you can understand that caring for it is very similar to caring for cucumbers. And if you know how to grow cucumbers, then you will also be able to grow a melon. The melon will have time to ripen too, and if it is necessary to remove it not very ripe to frost, it will perfectly reach ripeness in your home.

Of course, it is better to take into account the weather conditions of your region and choose early maturing varieties for planting in the ground.

And most importantly, remember these three conditions:

  • protect in time, from late frosts, seedlings planted in the ground;
  • correctly produce, pinch and remove unnecessary ovaries;
  • in time, repeatedly and systemically to feed, to stimulate the growth of melons.

If desired, melon can be grown everywhere, even in the North, there simply are greenhouses. Try, try and you will succeed!