Gerbera, or transvaal daisy is a very beautiful flower. It was discovered by the Dutch botanist Reman in South Africa over 100 years ago. Due to the fact that this plant is very plastic, today the market is ready to offer more than 100 different varieties of it. At the same time, about 30 new products have recently been created. The plant can be grown both at home and in the garden.
Now let's talk directly about gerberas. Their various varieties can be divided into two large groups: large and small-flowered. Moreover, each of these groups is directly subdivided within itself by color, terry, type of inflorescence.
Gerberas have a large selection of colors. There are a large number of different combinations of this flower, as well as color transitions.
If you want to grow beautiful gerberas on the windowsill, then it is best to choose a group flower for this Festival. They are very compact. They are characterized by short peduncles and flowers having a large size, reaching 11 cm in diameter.
For growing in a garden, the best option is gerbera jameson - It is even larger in size. She also has very long leaves and peduncles. This variety is very beautiful and very hardy.
Gerbera cultivation at home
Now about growing gerberas at home. How to do it right? It is best if there is enough light in the room, but there is no direct exposure to the sun. At the same time, it will be best to water the flower directly along the edge of the pot, or into the pallet. Once in two weeks it will be necessary to carry out root and foliar baits, to which the plant responds very well. But you should not use fertilizer as fertilizer, which contains chlorine, as it inhibits the development of the flower. Horse manure, barn, organic fertilizers are also not suitable. Their use can lead to the development of rot of the root neck.
Gerberas can be transplanted into a larger pot only after the roots have grown and become dry. A slightly acidic ready soil is suitable for transplantation, it should be based on peat. The best time to make a gerbera transplant is in the spring. When transplanting, it is very important not to deepen the roots too much, otherwise you can get the development of fungal diseases.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
The first feeding of gerberas takes place either immediately after the flower is transplanted or after about 2 months.
With the onset of the winter period, gerberas should be put in a fairly bright place in the room, and the temperature should be reduced to about 14 degrees. You should also limit the watering of the plant. At this time, feeding should also not be done. In addition, make sure that the earthen lump is dry between watering.
If you can’t create enough sunshine for wintering, illuminate the flower artificially so that as a result the daylight hours are extended at least up to a total of 15 hours. A plant in such conditions can be kept throughout the winter at room temperature.
In the spring, with the onset of April, the flowering and growth of gerberas begins. And from June to August, it is better to take the flower out to the garden, to the veranda, or to the balcony. If you take the plant to the garden, then there you can plant it without a pot directly in the ground. Only this must be done in a fairly sunny place, which is protected from the rain. Top dressing should be carried out only with the help of mineral fertilizers.
Video - how to grow a gerbera
The simplest way to breed gerberas is to divide the bushes. It should be carried out in such a way that at least two growth points with roots remain on each plant. After that, you can plant the plant, while leaving the root neck about 2 cm higher than the ground level.
Sometimes gerberas are propagated using cuttings, but this method is more time-consuming. On sale there are sometimes gerbera seeds that need to be sown around May. After about one week (in the case when the plant grows at room temperature), the first shoots will appear. After a month, it will be necessary to pick.