According to the international garden classification, all varieties and types of spray roses are assigned to the Shrub group. Growing rose bushes in the conditions of home gardening requires strict adherence to the rules for cultivating this ornamental plant.
The progenitor of any spray roses is the usual cultivated wild rose. The height of a bush rose, depending on varietal characteristics, can vary from 25-30 cm to 3.0-3.5 m. Bushes are represented by two types of shoots: main or uterine, and annual branches. Foliage is pinnate. Leaves are ovoid or elliptical in shape, with serrated edges. Peduncles 10-80 cm long.
Large-sized flower, with a diameter of 2-18 cm. Flowers can have a variety of shapes and colors.
Traditional and small-flowered shrub varieties
The names of varieties of bush roses popular in our country are well known to domestic flower growers. This decorative culture is widespread due to the richness of color and shape of the flowers. In the conditions of home gardening, not only white and red varieties are grown, but also yellow, black, brown and unusual two-color roses.
Small-flowered very decorative garden roses are popular in our country. A miniature rose is in demand in floristic compositions, and small flowers, complemented by different colorings with chrysanthemums, simply look perfect in wedding bouquets.
|Type of||Popular variety||Plant||Flower characteristic||Other varieties|
|With red flowers||Piano Red or Piano Red||Compact enough, up to a meter high, not more than 60 cm wide, with bright green large and shiny foliage||Bright blood red, small peony, terry and spherical||Red Sensation or Red Sensation, Piano Freiland, Splend Surprise, Red Eden or Red Eden|
|Red Lex or Red Lex||A bush of medium vigor, with erect shoots without thorns and a height of 60 cm||Cup-shaped, with attractive, dark red, velvet petals|
|White-flowered||Porcellino or Porcellino||Medium growth with relative leaf||Buds and flowers of a classical form, have a slight smell of vanilla, white staining with a cream shade||Avalanche or Avalanche, Vivienne or Vivienne, Cream Sensation or Cream Sensation, Latin Pompon or Latin Pompon|
|Pink rose||Bombastic or Bombastic||Bush of medium vigor, with erect and strong shoots 60 cm high||Dutch peony-shaped rose, with large pale pink staining flowers||"Irishka pink" or "Irischka pink" "Lydia" or Lydia "Orange Sensation" or "Orange Sensation"|
Dutch Sensation or Dutch Sensation, Yana
|With yellow or orange flowers||Freesia or Friesia||Disease-resistant, compact plant with dark green and shiny leaves||Attractive bright yellow stain with a darker petal revolving color||Sphinx Gold or Sphinx Gold, Sphinx Surprise, Sunny Babe or Sunny Babe, Dutch Dakar or Dutch Dakar, Lambada or Lambada|
|With copper, brown or black flowers||Iguana or Iguana||Medium growth with relative leaf||Terry flowers of a classical form, reddish-copper staining||"Brown Sugar" or "Brown Sugar", "Guinness", "Vesper", "Tea Time", "Black Prince", "Black Magic", "Baccarat"|
|Two-tone||"Calypso"||Tall, unshipless tall plant with large attractive foliage||Petals are wavy, terry type, raspberry-colored with pink stripes, with a light aroma||Miss Mac or Mis Mas, Fiesta Bubbles or Fiesta Bubbles, Dutch Magic or Dutch Magic|
How to use a support for bushes
Supports for spray roses can be represented by arches, uprights, different frame structures, trellis mesh, plastic grille and other types. High construction will be needed only by tall-growing varieties, and for most varieties, rather low supporting frames are sufficient.
Bush roses should be planted in well-lit, with low groundwater and protected from gusty wind areas represented by fertile, air- and water-permeable soils. The best survival rate is observed if you plant a rose seedling in spring. It is the spring planting or transplanting of decorative culture that allows the plant to adapt well to new growing conditions. In this case, the seedlings manage to take root over the summer and get stronger in winter frosts.
Shrub roses: features of the group
The basis for proper care of varieties of spray roses is to conduct competent and regular pruning, in which in the first year after planting, all the first buds are necessarily removed and the vigorous shoots are pinched. Next year in the spring, you need to cut off all the weakened and damaged branches, and the central part of the bush is also adjusted. This formation in subsequent years contributes to the most correct location of the aerial parts and allows you to get the most magnificent, as well as plentiful and long flowering.
In the summer period, it is necessary to regularly review the bushes and remove all wilted flowers along with the peduncle, as well as cut off the shrunken and blind shoots. It is very important that the rose bushes have good, good ventilation., which will avoid the defeat of pathogenic microflora. Shrub roses need to provide moderate irrigation measures without overdrying and excessive soil moisture. Twice a season, it is necessary to carry out fertilizing, introducing phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. When growing winter-hardy varieties in late autumn, it is enough to carry out the hilling of the bush. Less frost-resistant varieties will require the use of shelter.
Diseases and Pests
Diseases of ornamental crops are an integral part of growing roses in a home garden. Roses can affect not only diseases, but also various plant parasites, the fight against which should be waged competently and as efficiently as possible.
|Damaging factor||Signs of defeat||Therapeutic measures|
|Black spotting||The appearance of black or brown spots on the foliage||Removing damaged parts and spraying with "Ridomil Gold", "Fundazol", "Profit" and "Topaz"|
|Downy mildew||The appearance of small red-brown spots, creamy white plaque, inhibition of development, deformation and falling of leaves||Trimming diseased leaves and stems, followed by spraying with Profit, Ridomil Gold or Fundazole|
|Powdery mildew||Manifestation of gray powdery spots on leaves, stems and buds||Destruction of parts affected by the disease, followed by treatment with Bactofit, Skor, Tiovit-Dzhet, Topaz or Fitosporin|
|Gray mold||The formation of brown spots and gray fluff rot on leaves and stems in the early spring||Sanitary pruning and spraying of "Fundazolam", "Benlat", "Teldor" or "Maxim"|
|Rust||On the stem part and foliage, rusty growths are formed, similar to rust||Sanitary pruning followed by repeated treatment with "Topaz", "Abiga-Peak", Bordeaux mixture and a solution based on copper sulfate|
|Anthracnose||The appearance of small black spots that change the color to red or purple||Trimming diseased leaves and stems, followed by spraying with Profit, Ridomil Gold or Fundazole|
The most common pests that damage bush roses include:
- green rose aphids;
- leaf beetles;
- common spider mite;
- rose cicadas;
- nut grower;
- rose gold;
- gall midge.
According to experienced gardeners, a couple of effective preventative chemical treatments can minimize the risk of damage to rose bushes by plant parasites.
You can plant bush roses on your own in the garden or in the garden in several quite affordable ways. Shrub roses can be propagated by seeds and vegetatively, but the second option is preferable.
Vegetative propagation of rose bushes is most often carried out by cuttings, subject to the following rules:
- cuttings should be cut from flowering shoots, the thickness of which should be 0.5 cm;
- a high-quality stem suitable for rooting must have at least three internodes;
- the lower oblique section must be treated with growth stimulants, and then immersed in a container of water;
- after a couple of weeks, subject to the optimal temperature conditions, a callus forms on the handle, gradually turning into a bright influx;
- the formation of callus indicates the readiness of planting material for transplantation into a nutrient soil substrate;
- optimal for rooting is considered a soil mixture consisting of humus, peat, coarse sand and soddy soil, mixed in a ratio of 0.5; 1: 1: 1.
Subject to the technology of germination, after about ten days on the planting material they sprout, buds begin to grow. Planting rooted cuttings should be in early spring, after the threat of defeat of young plants by spring return frosts is completely gone.
The method of vaccination has also worked well. It is recommended to plant bush roses on young dogrose or a dog rose, which have high winter hardiness and a powerful root system. The stock can also be represented by small-flowered, wrinkled, cinnamon and friable roses. Vaccination vaccination should be done in mid-July.
Shrub roses in a garden decor
Growing different varieties of spray roses on garden plots with different flowering periods allows gardeners to create highly decorative and very original floral arrangements. Spreading varieties of spray roses are best placed in the central part of the rosary in the form of a solitary ornamental plant. Single landings can also be placed in discounts.
How to grow bush roses
It is important to note that almost any variety of spray roses is not recommended to design figured clubs. These types of roses belong to the category of fast-growing and strong enough ornamental plants, which are not at all picky about leaving, so bush roses are ideal for growing by beginner or not too experienced flower growers.