For proper growth, development and flowering, each flower in your garden should be fed with certain elements from the soil. If such nutrition is insufficient, you will immediately notice this in the appearance of flowers that will grow poorly, lose their bright and vibrant hue, as well as pretty flowering. Therefore, if you want to keep every planting of flowers: a flower bed, a discount or stalls in excellent condition, then do not forget to use fertilizers during care.
The depleted soil cannot give the plants the necessary amount of nutrients, therefore, if you plant flowers in one place for several years in a row, or if this site has already been used for other crops, you need to fertilize the land on it. What is remarkable, even the undeveloped, “walking under the steam” land, is not always rich in necessary elements. Therefore, top dressing garden flowers is required, only in this case they will delight you with an irresistible appearance.
When to fertilize flowers
According to experts, it is much easier with annual plants, which are enough to feed only 2 times a season: the first time - 12-15 days after planting seedlings in the ground and rooting, and the second - during the formation of flower buds. This will be quite enough for the flowers to grow and develop, and also show a violent color at a certain time. With perennials, the picture is slightly different, they need to be fed three times a year: the first time - at the moment when the earth begins to dry in the spring (it can be loosened and fertilized), the second - at the time of the appearance of the buds, and the third - after flowering. This is necessary so that the flowers stock up on forces for wintering and could lay strong buds for next year.
Long-acting fertilizers for flowers
Organic fertilizers for flowers
The use of organic fertilizers for flowers is very important, since most of them prefer organic. It is very difficult to imagine beautiful bushes and bright flowers of roses, dahlias and peonies without fertilizing manure.
Cow and horse manure is most suitable for fertilizing. But, if horse manure can be used for top dressing in a fresh form, then the cow must definitely overreact. It is best to fertilize the flower beds with liquid manure, which is not difficult to prepare. To do this, you just need to take 10 liters of clean water and insist in it 1 kg of manure. After a day, liquid top dressing can be used. To do this, it is diluted with water, 1: 2, and flower beds and other plantings of flowers are watered, depending on the type of plant, the soil after such irrigation can be loosened or mulched.
If we continue the discussion about organics, then the next best fertilizer for flowers is chicken manure. It is prepared in approximately the same way as the infusion of ordinary horse or cow manure, but insisted for about two weeks. After the expiration of the term, the slurry is bred (0.5 l of infusion per bucket of water) and the roots of the plants are poured with it.
An incredible “delicacy” for flowers will also be feeding with a solution of ash, for the preparation of which wood ash and clean water are used, 1 glass per bucket.
Fertilizers for indoor plants do-it-yourself
Mineral fertilizers for flowers
But, to my great regret, not all flowers relate well to organic fertilizers. Among them are asters, marigolds, nasturtiums and almost all bulbous ones: hyacinths, daffodils and tulips), which either get sick or die from organic matter. It is in these cases that mineral fertilizers will come in handy.
At the very beginning of the season, you can use nitrogen fertilizers for flowers, which will make it possible to grow a dense and healthy green mass - strong stems and bright leaves. Then you can apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, they will help the buds develop faster and bloom profusely. For perennial flowers, potash fertilizers are well suited, but only at the end of the season in order to lay flower buds for the next year.
But sometimes, it is very difficult for a person without experience to choose the right fertilizer for garden flowers, especially when it comes to mineral ones. In this case, experts recommend just using a complex fertilizer for flowers, which already combines all the necessary elements. Complex fertilizers for flowers can be bought at any specialized store, so questions should not arise.
How to make fertilizer for flowers
Sometimes situations arise in which fertilizing the soil is almost impossible, but should take place. There are a huge number of examples: a person cannot afford to buy fertilizer, older people cannot bear the burden and deliver fertilizers from shops, and in the country house or its environs they do not sell the necessary fertilizers. In short, there are many similar nuances, but what to do in this case, if you want to grow at least a small flowerbed of beautiful flowers in a summer cottage? There is a solution, as usual, and now we’ll talk about this:
- Very many flowers are perfectly absorbed by ordinary coffee grounds, and if you need to fertilize a small area of flowers, then a portion of such fertilizer can be collected literally in a week;
- The source of calcium for your flowers can be an infusion of eggshells in ordinary water, which should be watered further;
- Some plants are normal even to sugar, which can be sprinkled on the surface before watering;
- In the soil, you can add tea leaves, a decoction of onion peels, infusion on a banana peel and infusions from other food waste. Also, a good compost can be prepared from this raw material, however, it will take a little longer.
Of course, this list is more reminiscent of fertilizers for home flowers, but believe me, it is perfect for a small flower bed, which does not require a huge expense.
Also, I would like to note that if it is not possible to buy universal fertilizer for flowers or special decorative fertilizer for flowers, then you can always use rotted weeds, rotted straw, wood ash, as well as litter of small pets, which will perfectly hide the disadvantage , say, manure, horse or cow. Perhaps these fertilizers will not be enough for perfect growing flowers, but any flower will be very grateful to you for such an amount.