Almost every summer resident closely monitors the berry harvest on their own plot, but this harvest only happens once a year, and if, for example, you tasted strawberries, currants or raspberries in early summer, then in the fall you don’t have to try fresh and fragrant berries. We suggest using repairing varieties that bear fruit twice a year and We want to consider this method of growing on raspberries.
Features of raspberry varieties: how to distinguish
Remontant raspberry is a berry bush, which is practically no different from ordinary raspberry, it can produce either one or two crops during the summer, it all depends on the selection variety that you plant on a summer cottage. By correctly combining varieties and following all the rules of agricultural technology, you can provide yourself with a good harvest for the entire warm season. If the repairing raspberries are grown in conditions when the care is poor, then this is reflected in the second crop - all the forces and juices of the berry shrub go to the formation of the berries of the first crop, which ripens in late June. The second crop is worse quality - small, dry berries, a decrease in their number. For the first and second crops to be of excellent quality, you will have to work hard and provide the plant with proper care - timely pruning, watering and top dressing. Many summer residents, due to lack of time, choose the use of repair varieties to obtain only one crop. Today I would like to consider ways of caring for remont raspberries, crossing them with caring for ordinary raspberries. We will do this in order to understand how to optimize the receipt of the crop, form it and determine for the period necessary for us.
What does “remont raspberry” mean?
Planting remont raspberries
Planting occurs by seedlingsthan does not differ from planting raspberries ordinary. Seedlings are planted in the spring or autumn. If the process occurs in the fall, then it must be carried out in the warm period so that the raspberries have time to take root. Bushes are planted in planting holes 30x30 cm. The depth is also about 30 cm. If you decide to plant raspberries in rows, then keep a distance of at least one meter between them. This will provide the opportunity for good ventilation and disease prevention.
When planting, each hole is filled with organic fertilizers - rotted manure, peat or humus. The roots of each seedling are straightened and covered with soil, densifying well. Then pour one bucket of water under each bush. The soil is mulched, and the top layer is constantly loosened.
When planting remont raspberries, only a few things change, it needs to be rooted at a greater depth, up to 50 cm. Saplings should be laid horizontally in holes and after falling asleep, cut off the entire aerial part.
Cutting after fruiting
Pruning raspberry raspberries are trimmed every year, this contributes to a high-quality crop. Shoots that have been fertilized should be removed. In the case of summer varieties, all shoots are subject to removal, they are cut in July, to ground level. You can leave the strongest sprouts of this year to enhance future yields. Raspberries are also cut at the end of the autumn fruiting period, in November-December, and all shoots are cut, not even leaving young annuals. This strengthens the future, summer-autumn harvest.
Spring sanitary pruning
If you didn’t spend the autumn pruning or just decided to form annual shoots in the spring, then this must be done very carefully. Since raspberries begin to bear fruit from the top, then cutting the stems from above and forming their growth, you thereby delay the onset of fruiting, and possibly reduce yield.
If you want to ensure a high yield and quality of berries, then only spring sanitary pruning should be done. Those branches and stems that did not survive the wintering are removed, or cut to the first healthy kidney. Pruning should occur in April, when the kidneys swell and it is easy to determine the healthy one.
Now, knowing how to prune a raspberry bush, you will be able to adjust the timing of fruit ripening. In addition, you can adjust the quality of the crop, which is a considerable plus.
Raspberry remontant and ordinary: how to distinguish
Than pinching a bush
Trimming the upper parts of the stems is necessary in order to slightly delay the fruiting period. If necessary, pruning is carried out in May, the upper part of the stem is cut off, 20-25 cm.
If we are talking about early and medium late varieties, then pinching will be relevant only for the latter. Here a small number of berries is maximally compensated by the later ripening of the crop. As a result of proper pinching, in June it will be possible to try early raspberries, in July - to try medium-late, and in August-September to enjoy the taste of it is always remodeling.
Proper care of remont raspberry and ordinary raspberry regulates the quality of the crop, the enemy of which is raspberry thickening. Thickening leads to inhibition of berry shrubs and often provokes fungal diseases, which negatively affect not only the quality of the fruit, but also on the life of the plant itself.
It is advisable to grow the culture in strips, the distance between which should be about one meter. If trellis is used, the strip remains 20-35 cm wide, with free growth - 50 cm.
On each meter of the formed strip, 15-20 shoots are left, half of which should be biennial fruiting, and the second half should be annual, replacing shoots.
Top dressing should be applied to the soil in March. For balanced soil, complex fertilizers (nitrogen-potassium-phosphorus) are used. If the soil needs nitrogen, the raspberry leaves turn yellow, and then an additional application of 15-20 g of ammonium nitrate, diluted in a bucket of water, per 1 square meter is required.
Second feeding produced before flowering and fruit ovary - 3 tbsp. l double superphosphate is diluted in 10 l of water, add 2 tbsp. l potassium sulfate and let it brew a little. This amount of fertilizing is calculated per 1 m2.
Next feeding It is made in the fall, after a cut of shoots. It passes in the same way as the previous one, only the amount of fertilizer decreases - 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate and 2 tbsp. l superphosphate on a bucket of water.
In addition, remontant raspberries and common raspberries, like other fruiting shrubs in your area, need organic fertilizers. They must be made at least once every 3 years. Use cow, horse, sheep, pork or goat manure, 5 kg per square meter of planting.
Repairing raspberries Hercules
All sorts of diseases and pests that often attack plants in summer cottages do not bypass raspberries. Therefore, it is worth thinking about its protection. It is recommended to use chemistry for this process only before flowering begins. From fungal diseases - in March-April. Or after the harvest. Use copper-containing preparations and Bordeaux liquid.
From harmful living creatures that attack raspberries, use special biological products. Some of them are effective for only 7-10 days, so be careful to check the plants for pests at the end of this period. You can handle raspberries in a manual way, but only if the plant is not completely affected by a bug or larvae. In this case, they can be assembled by hand, and the stems can be saved, in a different situation, the stems and leaves must be trimmed and burned, preferably outside the country house.
Protection of the bush from frost
Planting and caring for remont raspberries is time-consuming, but it can be in danger if you do not follow another rule - protection in the winter.
Preparing for the winter is better to start early in September. After you have harvested the last crops and cut off the excess stems, the remaining one-year stems are tilted to the ground and pressed so that the first snow, which will be coming soon, covers them first. This also applies to winter-hardy varieties, since in severe frosts the plant is very dry. It is also necessary to ensure that the snow cover covers all the stems with a thickness of at least 50 cm. If the winter is with little snow or is snowless at all, then the stems should be pressed down to the ground with plywood or a board. You can fall asleep with dry leaves. You can raise bushes in the spring only when all frosts, even at night, disappear.
Popular and quality varieties
In each individual country, many masters work on breeding projects, who, over the years of their activity, produce varieties that are able to grow and bear fruit in each particular region. At the moment, a huge amount of ordinary and repair raspberries, which is intended for planting in our country, has been bred. We can include the following, the best varieties of remontant and ordinary raspberries to them:
- polka, apricot remontant;
- penguin, large-fruited remontant;
- remontant raspberry shelf, heat bird;
- remont raspberry atlant, raspberry diamond;
- raspberry remontant Indian summer, raspberry bryansk marvel;
- yellow raspberry, raspberry progressive;
- Latham, Whistleblower, Newburgh, Hercules, Monomakh hat, Molling, Kaliningrad, Barnaul, Sovetskaya, Reward and many, many other varieties that are able not only to survive in our conditions, but also to please a good and useful crop, if, of course, care is appropriate .
Knowing how to care for remont raspberries, you can grow a good harvest. It remains only to find out how it is more appropriate to use it. Of course, with the berry you can cook pies and pies, cook stewed fruits and jelly, but do not forget to make raspberry jam, which, in addition to a huge number of useful properties, also carries excellent cold-resistant indicators.
Now you can buy remont raspberry seedlings everywhere - in the market, in special garden markets, at exhibitions, with wildlife stores. So you can not worry, and already in the fall or next year, boldly propagate the shrub in the summer cottage, harvest and share with your neighbors new knowledge on how to properly care for plants, so that all work gives a good result.