Spirea Wangutta is an ornamental shrub that is often used to create landscape compositions. This plant with shoots leaning to the ground and generously decorated with snow-white “clouds” of inflorescences will decorate any site. Despite the unpretentiousness of spirea, its cultivation requires compliance with certain rules of planting and care. This will allow Wangutta to show herself in all its glory.
Spirea Wangutta (Spiraea Vanhouttei) was bred by French breeders by crossing Cato and three-lobed spiraea. One of the positive characteristics of the new species, along with high aesthetic qualities of the plant, has become frost resistance. This allows you to widely use the culture to design sites in different climatic bands.
From a botanical point of view Wangutta belongs to the Pinks family and it is a deciduous shrub of spherical shape, the height of which is approximately 1.5 -2 meters, and the diameter of the crown is 1.8 m in an adult plant. Its long branches smoothly bend down, forming cascades of flowers.
The flowering is plentiful, lasts for 3-5 weeks mainly in the spring. Under favorable conditions, it can be repeated at the end of summer. The leaves are also quite beautiful, and their color on two sides is different: the bottom is dark green, and the bottom is lighter. In the autumn months, they acquire a spectacular red-crimson hue.
The best varieties of Spiraea Vanhouttei
Various varieties of Wangutta were created during breeding., including those having pink shades. All of them inherited the best characteristics of the bush.
Description of the features of the variety
"Snow White", or "White Bride"
Classical Wangutta spirea with large snow-white inflorescences in the form of lush umbrellas. Their diameter is up to 60 cm. The bush is sprawling, large - about 2 meters in height.
Variety from Canada. The dimensions of the plant are more compact - its height does not exceed 150 cm, and its diameter is 180 cm. The inflorescences are large, white
Variety from the United States, characterized by increased immunity to diseases and pests
Pink Ice (Catpan)
Young growths have a pinkish tint, which increases the decorativeness of the plant. The color of the foliage has a marble structure: a combination of cream shades with green spots
Large shrub, the leaves of which have a creamy tint, which creates an autumn mood
Spirea White Bride: Planting and Care
During the preparation of the seedling, place and planting pit, the foundations are laid for the active development and formation of the root system, the health of which will determine the success of plant growth and the beauty of its flowering. After this, it remains to provide the shrub with proper care.
Growing Spanga Wangutta
Site selection and soil requirements
Wangutta is unpretentious, and feels good on any type of soil, including poor soil. But, judging by the experience of growing this shrub, sandy and sandy loamy soils with moderate humidity are best suited for it. The most preferred soil acidity is about 6-7 pH.
This flowering shrub easily tolerates cultivation in a darkened corner. But in this case, the flowering may be sparse, and the umbrellas of the flowers may not be as lush as if the spirea grew in the area with a sufficient amount of sunlight. Therefore, when choosing a place for planting, it is better to adhere to the "golden mean" and provide the plant with the necessary amount of light.
How to choose a healthy planting material
Wangutta is propagated by seedlings. When choosing them, you need to pay attention to the root system - it must be well developed, fresh, without signs of drying out. On it and on the plant itself, the presence of signs of diseases and pests, rot is not allowed. If we are talking about buying varietal specimens, then we need to pay attention to the reputation and integrity of the seller in order to get a plant of the nominal appearance that we would like.
Preparing the landing pit and landing rules
To make the bush happy with its snow-white flowering already next spring, seedlings are planted in the soil traditionally in the fall, when the plant dropped its leaves. This contributes to the intensive development of the roots. But some growers also plant in the spring months. In this case, white spirea can bloom in late summer. It is worth noting that the buds are formed only on those shoots whose age is more than two years.
The volume of the landing pit should be 20 cm more than the dimensions of the root system. It is necessary to make drainage at its bottom. For example, using sand and broken bricks. If the soil on the site is very clayey, then its preferred drainage layer thickness is 15 cm. It is also recommended to ventilate the prepared pit for 2-3 days. When creating a hedge and group plantings, the distance between each hole should be about 70-100 cm.
In seedlings with an open root system, it needs to be trimmed and inspected for damage, diseases. The longest roots should be trimmed carefully. The seedling purchased in the container, it is enough to lower it into the water for several hours, after which its extraction will not be difficult.
The plant is lowered to the bottom of the planting pit, and a mixture of turf land, sand and peat is poured into it in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. Another option is to mix the soil dug from the hole with a little organic matter. For example, humus. In this case, the roots are neatly and evenly spread over the volume of the pit and fall asleep to the level of the previously designated root neck. After this, the soil is tamped, thoroughly mulched with peat and watered with warm water (one seedling will need 15-20 liters of water, or 2 buckets).
Watering and feeding
Wangutta, like all plants, needs regular watering. But excess moisture leads to a decrease in the number and volume of inflorescences, so it should not be too frequent. Watering the bush is necessary only in hot and dry periods, when the top of the earth became completely dry.
The plant is also not demanding for top dressing. It is enough to carry out root dressing with complex mineral fertilizer in early spring, which will contribute to intensive flowering. Also, the bush responds well to the application of organic fertilizers a couple of times per season.
How to plant a spirea
An important part of plant care is regular pruning. This procedure allows you to form the correct spreading crown and stimulate flowering. Pruning is carried out in autumn, after flowering. It is necessary to shorten too long shoots and tips of frozen branches. This is necessary so that with the onset of spring, the spirea begins to grow with renewed vigor, which will benefit the bush.
If spiraea is already a respectable age - more than 7 years - then it should be more radical pruning. In its course, one should remove without pity all the old shoots that only inhibit the growth of the bush. The lack of regular pruning will lead to the fact that the plant will look like groomed thickets with rare and small flowers.
Wangutta Spirea is a frost-resistant plant, which dies only at temperatures below -45 ° C. Such colds are very rare in mid-latitudes. Therefore, the shrub does not need to be prepared for wintering, with the exception of cultivation in the northern regions. Also, additional warming may be needed for young seedlings, which have not yet had time to get well stronger. To do this, their branches are connected in a bundle, which can be wrapped with an old blanket or cloth.
Plant diseases and pests
Vangutta has good resistance to diseases and pests. But with increased humidity and improper care, pests such as:
- meadowsweet sawfly;
- kidney callis;
- spider mite.
At the first sign of the appearance of these parasites, it is necessary to remove the affected parts of the plant in order to prevent the spread of "uninvited guests". After that, the bush is treated with special insecticides. They are effective against pests, so spirea quickly recovers after infection with pests with their timely destruction.
Options for using spirea in landscape design
Landscape designers advise using Wangutta in three variationsthat allow this flowering plant to look most spectacular:
- in artificial reservoirs (in this case, the spirea becomes a kind of analogue of a weeping willow, only decorated with a cascade of flowers);
- as a hedge;
- in the middle of a flower garden or lawn.
Of course, these are only one of the ways to decorate the site. Having shown imagination, you can create your own original composition.
Rules for combining with other plants
Spirea is perfectly combined with other plants - both flowering and decorative deciduous. Its snow-white petals will be an excellent background for a flower bed. Spirea Wangutta also looks great in the company of conifers - thuja, yew, juniper, decorative spruce. Also, this shrub is suitable for decorating tree trunks - for example, lilacs.
How spirea propagates by cuttings (video)
The distinctive positive characteristics of Wangutta spirea include its frost resistance, due to which the plant feels great in the middle lane, as well as its beautiful appearance. Falling shoots covered with snow-white inflorescences form spectacular cascades. To preserve the decorativeness of the plant, it is necessary to produce autumn pruning every year. There is a direct correlation between the beauty of spirea and how much care has been put into caring for it.