In our section, which is devoted to shrubs, we will always pay attention only to the most interesting plants, of course, not forgetting about the classical ones. Today, for the first time, we will consider a hybrid that was bred by breeders and finally find out what yoshta is, how to grow such a bush and how to care for a plant.
The whole point of summer cottages is to produce a wonderful flower garden or grow trees and shrubs that, after a long time of leaving, fertilizing, pruning and other manipulations, will be able to please the owner with their fresh and juicy fruits. But, in our time, everything changes a little and not every summer resident grows on his own plot only classical crops - apples, pears, peaches, cherries, raspberries, strawberries and so on. There are those people who like to experiment with varieties and plant their plantations with interesting plants that are considered an unidentified rarity in a given territory. It is about such a culture that we’ll talk about today.
I want to pay attention precisely to yoshte - a shrub that is a relatively new, unique, high-vitamin, berry culture. In fact, yoshta is the result of many years of work and many breeders who have worked to create a new shrub, crossing currants and gooseberries. With their work, scientists tried to achieve improvements in the quality of currants, namely, increasing it in size, increasing the yield, getting rid of a number of plant diseases. At the same time, their task was to rid the new hybrid of gooseberry spines.
Yoshta - a useful and beautiful shrub
So, apparently, you should start with a full description of the plant, which many are already growing in the country, and many just want to get acquainted with it for planting on the site. Yoshta is a perennial, tall, sprawling berry shrub. With increased growth force, yoshta shoots can reach a height of one and a half meters.
It is noteworthy that on yoshte, unlike gooseberries, there are no thorns at all. The leaves of the plant are dark green, large, shiny, do not fall for a long time and at the same time do not contain the aroma of currant. Yoshta blossom is yellow, with large and bright flowers. The berry is large in size, black, with a touch of purple. The taste is sweet and sour, mainly found in the thick crust of the berry. Yoshta is rich in vitamins and in some of its properties it distills currants at times. The shrub is self-pollinated, easily survives the frosty winter and does not suffer from diseases. Fruits in the 3-4th year after planting, but does not reduce productivity for 12-18 years. In a good year, with proper care, from one bush you can collect up to 10 kg of juicy and fragrant berries.
Yoshta shrub requires an even, open and well-lit location on a summer cottage. Yoshta gives good crops on soils that are cultivated and fertilized with high quality. For planting, the soil is prepared in the same way as for currants. It is only necessary to take into account the fact that potassium is very important for yoshta. If you want to get a healthy shrub that will stably bear fruit, take the trouble to plant several bushes of currant and gooseberry next to yoshta for pollination.
Like any other plant, yoshta requires some care and supervision. So, it is mandatory to mulch the soil under the crown of the bush and in the trunk area. This will create a favorable nutritional regime in the soil, prevent the evaporation of moisture, the growth of weeds, and reduce the need for loosening the soil. Experienced summer residents are advised to use peat or humus for mulch. Under each yoshta bush, up to 20 kg of mulch is required. Yoshta fertilizer is also an essential part of the shrub care program. In the first few years, the fertilizer rate is in each year: 4-5 kilograms of organic fertilizers, 20 g of potassium sulfate and 30-40 g of superphosphate per square meter of growth. Starting from the fourth year, 4-6 kg of organic fertilizer, 24 g of potassium sulfate and not more than 30 g of simple superphosphate. It is required to feed yoshta with the same complex of fertilizers as currants.
There is nothing complicated in cropping yoshta. The same techniques should be applied to the shrub that are used when pruning currants and gooseberries.
Reproduction of yoshta can occur by cuttings and offspring. It is possible to plant shrubs in the ground in spring or early autumn, but many argue that the best period for planting is late August or early September. Read more about planting shrubs in the fall - in the material “Autumn planting of shrubs“. Yoshta seedlings should be placed in the soil at a distance of at least 1.5-2.5 m from each other.
Before planting yoshta in the ground, the earth should be dug up and carefully processed. About 400 g of lime, 100-120 g of superphosphate, 80-100 g of potassium sulfate and about 10 kg of organic fertilizer are added per square meter. When filling the landing hole - about 8 kg of organic fertilizer, 150 g of superphosphate and 40-50 g of potassium sulfate. It is very desirable to observe the correct parameters for planting bushes on the territory, this will enable yoshta to grow arbitrarily, without hooking neighboring bushes. Yoshta landing occurs in holes 60 cm in diameter and 40 cm deep. The distance between the bushes is at least 1.5 meters.
Yoshta. Landing and care
Yoshta berries fully ripen within 2-3 weeks. The mass of each of them is quite large, from 3 g to 7 g. Since the berries that are collected in small brushes ripen at different times, it is quite possible that they will be on the bush for a long time. In any case, yoshta harvesting can begin in mid-late July, when the berry reaches biological maturity.
The fruits of the bush can be consumed fresh. The berry is sweet, sweet and sour or more sour, depending on the climate and the level of ripening. You can also process yoshta berries in jam, fruit drinks, fruit drinks, confiture, jelly, jam, jam, etc.
Yoshta berries have not only a wonderful taste and fresh aroma, but also some healing properties. They can be used for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, to improve blood circulation and the rapid removal of heavy metals and toxic substances from the body.
Also, yoshta is great for use in landscaping, for example, for the manufacture of hedges. Yoshta is planted at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other, in a line. The plant can also be included in the mixed borders, or grow plants one at a time, arranging the territory like a wild garden.
A variety of yoshta varieties can be used at your own discretion, you should pay attention to what kind of variety is suitable for growing yoshta in your climate. Further, it will only be necessary to buy yoshta and plant it on the territory of its summer cottage, and after a few years a beautiful shrub will be able to please you with a delicious berry and the beauty of a stately bush.