Such a garden bush, like lingonberry, is known to every summer resident, old and young. But not everyone has it on the site. This article will tell us how to properly grow lingonberries in the garden and always get healthy fruits.
The use of lingonberries
Lingonberry berries are very tasty and healthy.. There are a huge number of ways to consume lingonberries - berries are eaten fresh, pickled, soaked, dried, etc. But besides this, cranberries are used for medicinal purposes. Jam can be an excellent cure for prostatitis, help women in labor avoid inflammation. Specially prepared tincture on lingonberries will help with fever, hypertension and chronic gastritis. Infusions and decoctions can be used for liver diseases, gout, rheumatism, osteochondrosis, gallstone disease, and even cancer. Lingonberry shoots and its leaves are used as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory or wound healing agent. As you can see, the spectrum of positive effects of lingonberry fruits and its green part is quite large, so we strongly recommend having lingonberries in your own summer cottage, along with such wonderful shrubs as common viburnum and raspberries, which also have a lot of healing properties.
Lingonberry - useful properties and contraindications
Preparation of soil for planting lingonberries
Lingonberries can be grown in any corner of your garden, the most important thing is that the site is smooth, well-lit and planned horizontally. We advise you to avoid cavities in which stagnation of cold air or the accumulation of moisture is possible. Different soils are suitable for growing lingonberries - sandy, sandy, loamy, peaty, but peaty soil or a mixture of sand and peat will be most suitable. The acidity of the soil should be increased.
It is best if the soil for lingonberry is not determined on the site, but created on its own. It is not difficult to do this, and in the future the process will bring excellent results. Soil preparation is required after weeds are harvested from the surface. You need to remove the layer about 1-1.5 meters wide, the required length and depth up to 25 cm and fill the formed recess with peat. If there is a problem with high peat, it is possible to prepare a slightly different soil mixture for planting lingonberries. To do this, you can take absolutely any peat and mix in any ratio with wood bark, sawdust, fallen needles. It will be nice to add a small amount of sand to the mixture. The resulting mixture is poured into the prepared recess, compacted and spilled with acidified water to obtain the required level of soil acidity. To do this, you can use food acids - oxalic or citric acid (1 teaspoon per 3 liters of water), apple 9% or acetic acid (200 ml per 10 liters of water) and spill at the rate of 10 liters per 1 square meter. But the best solution would be to use a battery electrolyte for soil oxidation (50 ml per 10 liters of water).
Before planting lingonberries in the ground, it is necessary to mark the territory so that in the future, adult shrubs do not interfere with each other. This process will not cause difficulties, since only placement of 25x25 cm must be observed, in each direction. Seedlings are deepened to the intended places to a depth of 2 cm. After planting, the site must be immediately watered for compaction and mulched with a layer of up to 5 cm. Mulch can be fallen needles, straw, sawdust, gravel, sand, tree bark. The most effective mulching is with sawdust or wood shavings.
How to grow lingonberries
Water supply plot with lingonberries
Very important for lingonberries is the hydrological regime. The experience of gardeners and gardeners shows that this the plant does not tolerate stagnation of water in the area, and also badly refers to a high level of groundwater. But does not tolerate lingonberry and drought. That is why it is necessary to be very careful with watering the bush. It is advisable to use drip irrigation or sprinkling irrigation no more than twice a week. The amount of water per square meter is not more than 10 liters. If the summer turned out to be dry and very hot, you can carry out daytime irrigation of the leaves of the bush, pouring it with a small amount of water.
Variety of Lingonberry Varieties
Now you know how to grow lingonberries, in what soil to plant it and what irrigation standards to observe. It remains only to determine the variety of beautiful shrubs that will be planted on your site. In fact, there are quite a few varieties ready for planting in our regions, but we decided to present you the most popular varieties:
- Coral. Variety selected in Holland, with a dense crown, straight shoots and bright green foliage. The growth of the bush reaches 30 cm, the average weight of the fruit is about 0.3 g, the classic taste is sweet and sour. The average yield is up to 120 g per plant;
- Kostromichka. Lingonberry variety, which came to many summer cottages from the Kostroma experimental station. The average yield is up to 1.5 kg per square meter of plantations, the fruit weight is up to 0.73 g (maximum). The fruit is dark red, has a pleasant, sweet and sour taste;
- Erntzegen. A variety that came from natural thickets in Germany. Tall bushes, up to 40 cm high, flexible stems, large leaves. The fruits of this sort of lingonberry are very large, more than 1 cm in diameter, light red in color. The fruit tastes sweeter. Despite the parameters, the Erntzegen variety is not distinguished by abundant fruiting;
- Erntkrone. The next variety from lingonberry populations in Germany. Medium-sized, the crown is compressed, elastic shoots, the leaf is dense, dark green. The fruits of the variety are large, dark red in color, yield up to 40 grams per bush. Two stable fruiting per year;
- Erntedank. Another sort of lingonberry from Germany. Spreading plant, medium growth, flexible stems, large, light green leaves. The fruits of this variety are often small, not more than 0.25 g, the taste is more acidic, the yield is low;
- Sanna. Lingonberry variety, which was obtained in Sweden. A medium-sized plant with red, round fruits. The average weight of the berry is about 0.4 g, the yield reaches 300 g from one bush;
- Sussi. Another variety that has been bred in Sweden. The plant is stunted, up to 20 cm, with vertical shoots. The berry is dark red, roundish, rather large, up to 0.4 g. The average yield of the variety is about 200-230 g per bush;
- Mazovia. Polish variety of lingonberry, which was bred from a wild plant. The berries of this variety are small, up to 0.25 g, dark red, roundish. The average yield is quite low, about 40 g per plant;
- Ruby. Russian variety that was bred on Kostroma VOC. The height of the bush is average, up to 18 cm, it ripens quite late, but it differs in good productivity, up to 2.5 kg / m2. The fruits are medium - 0.23 - 0.54 g, sweet and sour, dark red, rounded;
- Red Pearl. Lingonberry variety that came to our region from Holland. Tall, bushy plant with bright green leaves of a round shape. The berries are large, up to 10-12 mm, dark red in color, average yield.
As you can see, lingonberries differ not only in useful properties, but also in excellent crops, which can include many sweet and sour, fragrant berries. Now you only need to determine the variety you like and plant it on a summer cottage. Whatever method you define - growing lingonberries from seeds or from seedlings, you need to remember only one thing - the plant requires careful care, and only then will it repay you in full with a good crop.