Viburnum in the garden is a plant not only pretty beautiful at the time of flowering and ripening of berries, but also extremely beneficial for human health. Many summer residents have long been in their own plots of viburnum bushes and successfully collect its fruits. The following material is intended for beginners of summer cottage business, who also want to see this plant on their own site.
Useful properties of viburnum
Viburnum vulgaris, which often grows in the far corner of our garden or on the outskirts of the garden, is a rather useful plant and can provide positive effect on the human body. Its fruits are rich in iron, ascorbic acid, pectin, valerianic acid, contain various 3-active substances, and also have preventive and therapeutic properties. So, from them it is possible to prepare medicines against anemia, diseases of the nervous system, hypertension, as well as against colds that so often “attack” a person.
In order to preserve the fruits of viburnum in a suitable form for consumption and so that they retain useful properties, the berries are ground with sugar, stored frozen or simply in water. It is not recommended to cook them or to process them for a long time in a thermal way, this can destroy anthocyanins and other biologically active substances, which will significantly reduce the value of the product.
Planting and caring for viburnum
Growing viburnum in the garden
Understanding the useful properties of a wonderful bush and noticing all its beauty, many gardeners plant viburnum in summer cottages and garden plots. It is required to be able to handle the bush correctly so that it is strong throughout life and generously bears fruit.
Common viburnum - the plant is not very whimsical, but requires some tricks when growing. So, in nature, the shrub most often grows in moist places, in cultivated gardens it prefers drier soils. The soil must be prepared, as for other garden plants, a site with a low level of groundwater is correctly identified.
Although the seedlings of viburnum, which were obtained by vegetative propagation, begin to bear fruit much earlier, already in the second year after planting, experts recommend gardeners to grow planting material from seeds.
Viburnum in your garden
Growing common viburnum from seeds
Seeds must be selected from the best fruits of plants, determined by yield, size, taste. The resulting seeds can be planted in the nursery in the autumn of the year when they were collected, but in this case, seedlings will have to wait a long time. Read more about planting bushes in the fall in the article “Autumn planting of bushes and trees in the garden.” Germination will begin around the end of summer next year. First, a small root will appear, and the seed itself with the shell will come to the surface. In this state, small seedlings go for wintering and only in spring the cotyledons will be freed from the seed cover and begin to grow in height.
If viburnum needs to be grown in a shorter time, then use the stratification method. Seeds are placed in a nylon bag and in this form are placed in moist sawdust or moss. It is required to store seeds for two months at a temperature of + 19 + 23 degrees Celsius. Next, the seedlings are determined in a cooler place, basement or refrigerator, where the temperature should not exceed +5 degrees Celsius. The term of detention is one month. Ready-made seedlings are deepened into the ground so that the sub-cotyledonous knee remains above the surface of the soil. In the intermediate period, February-March, the seedlings continue to develop, are gradually freed from the integument. Thus, seedlings are formed. They reach a height of 5-8 centimeters and have a couple of leaves on the trunk. In early May, the finished seedlings are transferred to the nursery, planted in open ground in the spring of next year.
Vegetative propagation of viburnum
Sometimes one gorgeous viburnum bush in the garden is not enough, and the owners decide to propagate such a beautiful and useful plant. This can be done by layering or cuttings. Such material should be prepared in early July. The shoots are cut with secateurs, divide the stalk into segments, remove the lower leaves and half the upper ones, halving their surface. Cuttings are connected in a bundle and placed in a specially prepared solution, 100 grams of heteroauxin per 1 liter of water. The immersion depth of the cuttings in the solution is not more than two centimeters. It is very necessary to try hard to prevent the solution from getting on the leaves. After 10-15 hours, the cuttings can be removed from the solution, rinsed with water and planted in a greenhouse or nursery.
Rooting viburnum at home
Yes, it’s possible to root cuttings at home by planting them in flower pots. To do this, you need prepared soil - turf land, sand and humus, a ratio of 3: 1: 1. such a mixture should occupy 2/3 of the volume of the pot for planting. Next, on top of the soil, river sand should be poured, a layer of about three centimeters, moistened abundantly and planted cuttings to a depth of 2 cm. Such seedlings need to be covered with polyethylene or simply an inverted jar, thereby creating a greenhouse. It is advisable to sprinkle the inside of the greenhouse with water.
Cuttings that are rooted in November are cleaned in a cool basement, along with a pot. The soil is slightly moistened. In a similar condition and at a certain temperature, the cuttings must be kept until February, then transferred to the room. In May, together with an earthen lump from a pot, they are planted in open ground. You can extend the rooting period of the cuttings for another year, then they will be much stronger and will easily tolerate a variety of weather conditions, heat or frost. In this case, for the period of storage until next year, they must be left without covering with film or glass.
Features of growing viburnum
Planting viburnum cuttings
Cuttings are planted in open ground at a distance of 3-4 meters from each other, in soil rich in humus and protected from dry winds. Ready cuttings are planted 6-7 centimeters deeper than the root neck. In order for the root system, which developed even before planting in the ground, to remain strong and constantly evolving, seedlings must be placed in pits with a depth of about 60 cm and 80 cm in diameter. When planting, the upper part of the pits is filled with the same soil as on the site, after which it is watered abundantly and mulched with humus.
Viburnum is looked after, like most plants in the garden - fight weeds nearby, loosen the soil in rows and row-spacings, mulch holes and provide soil moisture with irrigation. It is also necessary to remember about pruning dry branches from the trunk. Once every 7-9 years, the shrub should be lightened, that is, thin out the thickened crown. Shoots are not recommended.
Need fight pests constantly caring for the bark and leaves of the plant. Most often, viburnum is attacked by aphids, which can be removed with a decoction of tobacco and green soap, a solution of 40 g per 10 liters of water. Try to spray in a timely manner.
Viburnum can grow on simple earth, but in order for its bush to be beautiful and fertile, it should still be fed. Soil fertilizer occurs along with the process of mulching, compost, peat, humus are introduced into the soil.
Harvesting from the viburnum bush
When the main result of planting viburnum on the site is achieved and the bush is showered with bright red clusters of berries, you need to think about harvesting. This process should also be carried out in a very timely manner, otherwise the berry may lose juice, and, accordingly, taste and beneficial properties. Also, part of the crop disappears due to strong winds and birds that peck berries. The clusters should be cut very carefully, breaking is not recommended, otherwise you can spoil the next year's crop by accidentally hooking the kidneys. Harvesting is carried out in mid-late September.
Varieties for planting
Growing viburnum in many people becomes a hobby. This beautiful bush with a lot of useful properties is liked by summer residents for its unpretentiousness and domineering appearance. Therefore, we decided to talk a little about what varieties of viburnum are suitable for planting in cultivated areas:
- Shukshinskaya. Resistant to pests and plant diseases, the variety tolerates winter frosts and is not damaged by spring temperature drops. The bush is tall, vigorous, with large leaves. Fruits of good taste, slightly bitter, spherical, crimson-red. The average weight of a bunch of fruits is 0.75 g. Shukshinskaya viburnum bears fruit regularly and can bring up to 8 kg of crop per season;
- Ulgen. Tall variety, sometimes up to four meters, multi-stemmed. The fruits ripen in mid-September, the berries are medium, weighing up to 0.75 g, the color is bright red. The taste is classic, with a slight bitterness. The productivity of the Ulgen variety is up to 10 kg, the period is up to 20 years each year. The variety is self-infertile, but pollinated by any sort of common viburnum;
- Zholobovskaya. A frost-resistant variety that is not susceptible to pests or diseases. Productivity - about 4.5 kg from one bush, the berry is bright red. bitter, average weight up to 0.55 g. Zholobovskaya viburnum is self-fertile, pollinated by any kind of common viburnum;
- Zarnitsa. Technical grade resistant to weather conditions, diseases and pests. Large fruit, average weight 0.8 g, yield up to 11 kg from one bush. Long-lasting variety that can be pollinated only by other varieties of viburnum;
- Taiga Rubies. A strong variety that easily copes with frost, any pest and diseases. The fruits are palatable, with bitterness, small, weighing about 0.5 g. Productivity is high, up to 11 kg. The shrub is durable, able to be pollinated by all varieties of viburnum;
- Souzga. Technical, winter-hardy variety that is not afraid of pests and diseases. The average weight of the berry is 0.65 g, and the yield is up to 12 kg from one bush. Sousga is pollinated only by other varieties, the fruits ripen late, at the end of September.