As it happened, not only fruit crops are often grown in the garden, but also those plants that are considered decorative and decorate the territory. These plants include boxwood - perennial evergreen shrub, which by its appearance is able to please anyone.
Boxwood. Plant description
Boxwood brings together under its name about 30 plant species that grow wildly in the Mediterranean and some regions of Asia. At the moment, boxwood can often be found in our country, not only as a wild-growing shrub, but also as ennobled decorative perennials in gardens, squares, parks. To date, boxwood and other representatives of this genus are widely used for decorative gardening. The plant is appreciated due to its external data - a juicy, bright leaf, a beautiful crown and the ability to easily transfer many haircuts. This plant, under certain conditions, can live more than 500-600 years, growing at the same time very slowly. But, despite the considerable list of plants in the genus, only one species is mainly used in decorative gardening.
How to plant and grow boxwood
Where to arrange boxwood
Boxwood is a rather interesting plant, which, according to the observations of professionals, is not very whimsical, but can become very ill or even die. This is a problem of many evergreens ... It is this factor that makes one listen to the advice of professional gardeners who correctly advise where to plant boxwood and how to grow it, creating the most optimal conditions for this. The plant feels great in semi-shady and shady places, tolerates summer heat, but is extremely sensitive to spring winds and the sun.
When choosing a place for planting boxwood, attention should be paid not only to the illumination of zones, but also to the soil itself. Although the plant is undemanding to the soil, it feels much better on the earth, loose and fertilized. If the soil is poor, then boxwood will grow small, but will give a dense deciduous cover.
Planting boxwood in the garden
Young plants are best planted in the spring. Then boxwood will be able to firmly take root and have time to prepare for wintering. Adult plants can be transplanted throughout the entire warm season. They are transplanted together with an earthen lump. Landing occurs in the most simplified way, in a hole spilled with water and fertilized. The distance between plants should be chosen very carefully, based on the requirements for plants. If these are separate boxwood bushes, then it is worth determining the “neighborhood” no closer than 3-4 meters, if it is planned to look like a decorative fence, then here the distance between the plants is reduced.
The most crucial period for caring for boxwood is late autumn and winter. At this time, the weather changes many times, frost alternates with thaws, the root system and trunk of the plant receive unnecessary moisture or surface frostbite, and the upper part of the plant, on the contrary, dries and dies. Therefore, if you want the plant to survive the winter, then just leaving it in the garden for several seasons without care is not an option.
In the fall, a few days before the first frosts, it is necessary to charge the boxwood with moisture, to produce saturated watering. It is advisable to mulch the soil with beautiful pine needles or peat. Do not use dry leaves for the process, because as a result of a mild, wet winter, the leaves simply ripen and can cause fungal diseases, which often leads to falling of the boxwood foliage or even its death. Next, you should wait for a steady cooling, at least -10 degrees Celsius to continue winter care. At this point, you need to insulate the plant, covering it with boxes of wood or plastic. In the boxes must be openings for ventilation. This method of insulation is used only for spherical decorative plantings. Smaller boxwood bushes can be covered with non-woven material and it is necessary to tie them up so that a large amount of snow, which is possible in winter, does not break off the bush. Fences and borders should be covered with burlap, tightly tying it to the bush.
With the onset of heat, all heaters must be removed from boxwood in a timely manner, otherwise the plant may stagnate and become ill. It is advisable to remove or loosen the snow that has remained near the plant so that the soil warms up faster. At this point, the awakened root system will again begin to absorb moisture and supply the vitality of the plant to the branches and leaves. It is recommended to remove coverings from plants not immediately, but gradually, first slightly liberating the lower part and trunks, and then, after a week or two, and the rest of the bush.
The beginning of pruning is completely dependent on climatic conditions. So, in a mild climate, pruning of ornamental shrubs can be carried out in April, in more severe climatic conditions - around the beginning of May. It is worth considering the growth of boxwood, which does not grow too quickly. Therefore, trimming or ordinary pruning should take place very carefully. New growths are cut off and the crown is adjusted, older branches can be touched only if the plant has become shapeless or you just want to update it.
Boxwood reproduction on the plot
Propagation of an evergreen, perennial ornamental bush occurs in autumn and summer cuttings. According to statistics, about 90% of cuttings are rooted, which is a pretty good result. The term of the cuttings must be determined by the state of the shoots. They become woody closer to mid-July. Autumn cuttings are prepared in early September. For planting at the time there will be a stalk with two or three internodes, that is, about 7-10 cm in length. It will be necessary to remove all the lower leaves from it, leaving only the two upper leaves on the handle. Next, the cuttings are planted in a prepared, loosened substrate of garden soil and peat, a ratio of 1: 1. It is advisable to cover young seedlings with plastic wrap or glass jars. Now only moderate watering will be needed, perhaps in a day.
Cuttings will take root in 20-25 days, and by autumn it will already be small bushes with neat leaves. At this point, they can be transplanted to the desired location. It happens that some cuttings do not have time to grow stronger and it is simply impossible to winter them in this state. These seedlings can be taken home for wintering, and in the spring, when young plants get stronger, identify them in open ground.