Many plants grow in our garden, some of them even before the formation of the garden - old, perennial trees that simply remained on the site, a young garden produced already by our own efforts, as well as many flowers and plants of an industrial plan, berry bushes, root crops and so on. Further. But, despite the abundance of beautiful and useful plants on the site, you always want something new, unusual.
Such a position in the garden can be bonsai - growing an exact copy of a tree, but only in miniature. Today we will look at how to grow bonsai from seeds. The path is not easy and long, but it brings the desired result.
So, to begin with, a huge amount of bonsai can be grown from seeds, but this will require patience, time and some costs, because some plants can take more than five years. As we said right away, the path is not easy and long enough and only the most patient gardener will get to the end, who will get the desired result.
Popular bonsai trees that can be grown from seeds
Almost every tree can be grown in this way, but you need to know about the popularity of one or another. For example, among the tropical, boxwood, myrtle, abutilon, leptosperm, acacia, wisteria and, of course, ficus are considered the most popular. Among broadleaf trees these are beeches, hornbeams, maples, birches, elms, Japanese beeches and pomegranate trees. Among conifers - fir, cypress, spruce, cedar and pine.
Where to get maple seeds and other trees
Seeds for growing bonsai can be found in botanical gardens or even in public parks, where beautiful, and often even unique, trees often grow. If you do not have such an opportunity, then you can always buy seeds for growing bonsai at home. This can be done through a network or in stores of live plants in place or on order. But do not be fooled by the beautiful images on the packages of seeds that are sold, because what you buy is only planting material, from which the desired bonsai will be obtained only as a result of special efforts, knowledge and labor.
Store seeds or plant immediately
The seeds of various plants can differ from each other not only in appearance and weight, but also in the type of seed box. In addition, for each individual variety, there is a certain method of sowing, which will allow the seeds to germinate correctly.
The seeds of spruce, pine, beech, oak, spindle tree and fir are ready for sowing at the time of collection. If they need to be planted at another time, then the seeds can always be saved by placing them in a cool place, pre-wrapping or laying in any container.
Seeds of other plants, such as hawthorn, juniper, maple, hornbeam, quince, require a certain period of dormancy and stratification. They must be kept in a cool place, previously placed in wet sand. The period of such a holiday can have different periods, from six months to a year.
How to germinate seeds, is pre-treatment necessary
In order for the seeds to be ready for planting, they must be properly sprouted and treated with drugs, otherwise problems such as death of the seed due to certain diseases are possible. Before planting, the seeds are placed in water for several days to swell and begin the process of primary germination. Germination of seeds in sphagnum moss or in vermiculite is also possible. In this case, it is desirable to break the hard shell of the seeds. This process provides better germination. Further, in order to avoid the appearance of plant diseases, the seeds should be treated with fungicide, liquid or dry, and the soil must be sterilized.
How to grow a bonsai
Planting a seed, soil composition
Prepared seeds are planted in spring, late summer or even autumn. Peat cups or pots, pre-filled with a mixture of sand and peat in 1: 1 proportions, are excellent for planting. To replace this composition, you can buy cactus soil in the store, in which coarse sand should be added. The soil mixture should not fill the tank to the brim, you need to leave about three centimeters to the top. Then 1 centimeter of prepared, but already sifted soil. Further, the soil requires a little crush with a piece of wood and lay out the seeds. They are sprinkled on top of the sand. The thickness of the last layer should be a maximum of two diameters of the seed that is planted. Press again with a piece of wood and water it a little.
The seating container is covered with polyethylene or glass to create a greenhouse effect, and placed in a place away from sunlight and elevated temperature, which should not be more than +15 degrees Celsius.
The soil in the tank should be constantly moist, not dry out and not flooded with water.
At the moment when the first sprouts from the seeds are noticed, it is necessary to ensure that fresh air enters the tank. This can be achieved by placing a small sliver under the glass or by making several small holes in the plastic film. When the first leaves appear, seedlings can be fully opened.
At the age of one to three months, the formation of seedlings is necessary. The root root is cut off (when diving), about 2/3. There is a possibility that the seedling will have to be re-root. In this case, you will need to use a drug that stimulates root formation, for example, a special hormone.
Seedlings need to be fed with fertilizers. It is advisable to do this in the early summer, adding fertilizer to the ground in small portions. When the plant reaches a height of 10 centimeters, it must be transplanted into an ordinary flower pot. The plant can begin to accustom to the sun. Do not forget that the plant requires constant formation, only then it will turn out the plant that you dreamed of, truly decorative and beautiful. Depending on the type of bonsai, its formation can be done at the age of several years.