Ornamental shrubs are central to the decoration of large and medium-sized suburban areas. And in small dachas there will definitely be at least a few rose bushes. Perennial shrubs, decorative deciduous and decorative blooming - an indispensable attribute of landscape design, they not only ennoble the backyard territory, but purify the air, serve as protection from the wind, just create a good mood. Sometimes it is difficult to understand their diversity. We will look at some popular perennial shrubs for the garden and give photos with names. Of course, one article will not be able to tell about all of them, but we hope that now it will be easier for you to navigate in the sea of species and varieties.
The use of ornamental shrubs
Shrubs for the garden are mainly decorative, they are designed to please the eye and bring beauty. Often they are planted:
But the area of their application does not end there, they can be planted for purely practical purposes, however, without becoming less beautiful from this. Bushes can serve:
Classification of garden shrubs
Garden perennial shrubs are divided into:
- Decorative deciduous;
- Decorative flowering;
- Decorative berry.
This division is very arbitrary - perennial garden shrubs usually bloom for one or two months, the berries do not hold on them all year round, but they should look attractive all season. So all perennial garden shrubs have very decorative leaves.
By place of growth:
- Shrubs of short daylight hours (should be in the sun for several hours a day);
- Small - up to 0.5 m high;
- Medium - up to 0.75 m;
- Large - 1.0-1.5 m;
- Very large - up to 3-4 m.
Perennial shrubs for the garden
Let's look at some popular varieties, photos of perennial garden shrubs, find out their names, brief characteristics. While the list is far from complete, for sure, some of them are suitable for your site.
Absolutely not whimsical perennial shrub for the garden, it tolerates drought well and grows on any soil. Tall species and varieties are great for hedges, miniature shrubs are good in mixborders and on slides. There are many garden forms with a variety of crowns and leaf colors that will be appropriate in large and small landscape groups.
- Barberry Thunberg - has a huge number of cultivars that differ in size, shape and crown color;
- Common barberry;
- Barberry Ottawa;
- Barberry Amur;
- Barberry Canadian;
- Korean barberry;
- Barberry All-Edge;
- Barberry Sharoplastic;
- Barberry Monetchaty.
If you want to attract butterflies to the site, plant a budley. Most often, David's Budleia is used as a perennial garden shrub.
Perennial shrub for the garden, blooming from the end of April for two months, white flowers, pink and red, prone to remontant (re-flowering). There are varieties with two-colored flowers and variegated white-green or bluish leaves. For the winter in the southern regions, the bush does not require shelter, but as it moves to the north, it freezes without protection. Depending on the species, it can reach a height of 0.7 to 3.0 m.
The most popular types:
- Weigela Early;
- Weigel Maksimovich;
- Weigel Miedendorf;
- Weigela Florida - constantly renovated;
- Veigela Sadovaya;
- Weigela Korean - in the process of flowering, it changes the color of flowers from white to pink;
- Weigela Japanese.
Hydrangea is a short-day plant. She needs acidic soils, frequent watering with cold water and fertile soils.
- Bradschneider's hydrangea is the most persistent, white;
- Grotense tree-like;
- Hydrangea Paniculata;
- Hydrangea Large-leaved - if you water it with a special fertilizer, the pink flowers will turn blue or blue;
- Hydrangea Hairy - with white flowers;
- Hydrangea Oakleaf;
- Hydrangea serrata - pink, can grow in the shade.
Perennial garden shrub blooming in late April - May with white or pink flowers. Prefers well-drained, fertile soil and sunny, sheltered from the wind. For the winter, it requires shelter - it freezes even with a single temperature drop to minus 25.
Shrubs with white flowers:
- Action Graceful;
- Action Shield;
- Action Siebold;
- Deytsiya Rough;
- Deytsiya Staminate;
- Deytsiya Majestic.
Shrubs with pink flowers:
- Action Pink;
- Action Two-color;
- Action Hybrid,
- Deytion Purple.
Many types of honeysuckle are flowering perennial garden shrubs with decorative berries and fruits. This is a rather unpretentious moisture-loving plant that requires a place protected from wind and sun, well illuminating the crown, but not falling on the roots. This can be easily achieved with dense plantings or mulching the trunk circle.
- Fragrant honeysuckle;
- Honeysuckle Tatar;
- Honeysuckle Beautiful;
- Lonitzer's honeysuckle;
- Albert's Honeysuckle;
- Alpine honeysuckle;
- Honeysuckle Golden.
Decorative viburnums are not at all similar to the common viburnum. These decorative perennial shrubs for the garden grow up to 3 meters high, have foliage of the most diverse shapes and colors, there are varieties with variegated leaves. Inflorescences are most often painted white. Most of the species are shade-loving, moisture-loving, frost-resistant plants. The most popular are:
- Kalina Fragrant;
- Kalina Burkwood;
- Kalina Judy;
- Viburnum Black;
- Viburnum Fork;
- Kalina David;
- Kalina Gordovina;
- Viburnum Toothed;
- Kalina Canadian.
Rhododendron is one of the most beautiful flowering perennial shrubs for the garden. But he is, perhaps, the most capricious. In the middle lane it winters well, some species grow in Siberia and the Far East. This shrub can be deciduous, semi-deciduous, and evergreen. But only if the soils in your region do not suit him, and he prefers extremely acidic, well-structured soils, it will be difficult to grow it, but it is possible.
Blooming in April:
- Rhododendron Sitka;
- Rhododendron Ledebour.
In late May - early June bloom:
- Rhododendron Katevbinsky and its many hybrids;
- Rhododendron Japanese;
- Rhododendron Deciduous;
- Sea buckthorn rhododendron;
- Rhododendron Magnificent.
What article would do without mentioning this highly decorative perennial shrub for the garden? Whole volumes can be dedicated to the rose. Here we will indicate only its varieties:
- Park roses;
- Roses Hybrid tea;
- Polyanthus roses;
- Climbing and Semi-climbing roses;
- Roses of Grandiflora;
- Floribunda roses;
- Roses Miniature;
- Roses Groundcover.
One of the most numerous and varied groups of flowering perennial shrubs for the garden. They can be very tiny in size and used in flower beds and flower beds. Or they can be quite large, of which hedges are made. All of them are distinguished by a high decorativeness of both leaves and flowers, a tendency to repair.
Blooming from the first half of April:
- Spirea Thunberg - with the narrowest leaves;
- Spirea Gray;
- Spirea Ostraya (Arguta);
- Spirea St. John's worm;
- Spirea Yearly.
Blooming from the first half of May:
- Spirea Vich;
- Spirea Wangutta (Bride);
- Spirea of Nipponskaya;
- Spirea Chinese;
- Spiraea Bristle-fertile.
Blooming from the end of May:
- Spirea Fontanesi - can bloom again;
- Spirea Glandular;
- Spirea Sargent.
Repaired spireas blooming from the second half of May:
- Spirea Berezolistnaya;
- Spirey Fritsch.
Japanese spireas are the most decorative and easy to care for.
Spireas with pyramidal inflorescences, bloom from mid-May to mid-June:
- Spirea Douglas;
- Spirea Ivolistnaya.
Border spireas growing up to 30 cm:
- Spirea Tiny;
- Spirea Minima.
This unpretentious perennial garden shrub is known to everyone, but it has so many species that it is even difficult to count them. We are mostly familiar with Common Lilac, its varieties and interspecific hybrids, but there are also:
- Lilac hyacinthous;
- Persian lilac;
- Lilac Chinese dissected-leaved;
- Preston's lilac is the most abundant;
- Lilac Zvyagintsev;
- Lilac Komarov;
- Himalayan lilac;
- Lilac drooping;
- Lilac Henry.
This shrub needs moderately fertile soil, some sunlight and protection from the wind.
Often in early spring, even before the leaves bloom, we see tall shrubs in cities, completely covered with yellow flowers. This perennial shrub is called forsythia.
- Forsythia Ovate - in color in February;
- Forsythia European - blooms in February;
- Forsythia Intermedia - flowering time - February;
- Forsythia Hanging - blooms in March.
Flowering times are given for the southern regions and the middle lane.
Chubushnik is a perennial shrub for the garden, which we often call garden jasmine for its white double or simple flowers with a characteristic odor. Although in fact this large shrub, some species of which can reach 3-4 meters in height, has nothing to do with jasmine. It is noteworthy that, unlike other shrubs, the chubushnik does not require sanitary pruning.
Important! It blooms, depending on the species, in May-June, mainly at a time when other shrubs have already faded or have not yet bloomed.
- Chubushnik Limuan;
- Chubushnik Coronal;
- Chubushnik Thin-leaved;
- Chubushnik Magdalena;
- Chubushnik Broadleaf;
- Chubushnik Graying;
- Chubushnik Large-flowered;
- Chubushnik Delaway.
This perennial shrub for the garden is not only very unpretentious and will perfectly decorate your site, but also give useful berries.
Important! It is noteworthy that the largest amount of vitamin C is contained in rose hips of the Cinnamon group, and the most common group of Dog rose hips in our country contains almost no vitamin C, but it perfectly heals the stomach.
- Hugo's rose hip - with yellow flowers, very beautiful;
- Rosehip prickly;
- Rosehip Wrinkled - with decorative fruits and a very strong aroma, prone to remontant;
- Rosehip Tea;
- Rosehip Sizy;
- Rosehip Musk;
- Rosehip Galsky;
- Rosehip Multiflorous.
Can be used as a focal plant, in woody landscape groups and as a hedge.
Watch the video, it shows both some of the shrubs we have described, and plants that were not included in our selection.
General recommendations for growing perennial garden shrubs
Most often, ornamental garden shrubs do not present any particular difficulties in care, but each has its own characteristics. Here are some rules that can be applied to all perennials:
- Choose your landing site carefully;
- Buy shrubs from garden centers or nurseries;
- Cut off wilted inflorescences in time for plants prone to remontantity - this stimulates re-flowering;
- Do not plant perennial shrubs in the garden chaotically: landscape design is a science, it has its own fairly clear laws. Invite a specialist;
- Do not get carried away only with flowering plants - they are, of course, beautiful, but you will soon get tired of the constant riot of colors, dilute the plantings with conifers.
The most important thing for any perennial shrub for the garden is your love.