Fieldfare ashberry Sam belongs to the family Rosaceae. From Latin, the name means "mountain ash", which indicates the similarity with this tree. And for its beautiful appearance, ornamental shrubs are loved by both professionals in the field of landscape design and amateur gardeners. Fieldfare Sam is valuable for its early flowering. When other plants are just turning green, these shrubs fill the garden space with vibrant colors. The photo of the mountain ash-leaved Sam conveys all the beauty and picturesqueness of the species.
Description of mountain ash Sam
The mountain ash-leaved field Sam is a low shrub, reaching 3 m in height and 4 m in diameter, with straight shoots and a wide-spread crown. Its area of distribution is the countries of the Middle East - Korea, Japan, China, as well as Mongolia and Siberia. The shrub blooms with beautiful white fluffy flowers, with a fragrant aroma, united in large cone-shaped pyramids up to 25 cm long.
- crown - spreading;
- needles - light green;
- flowers are white;
- flowering period - summer.
The species of mountain ash-leaved Sam is renewed every year with the help of intensively growing shoots. Upon reaching the age of 2 - 3 years, the plant begins to bloom annually. During the abundant flowering, lasting for 30 days, many different insects flock to the bush. For decorative purposes, the fruits of the field field of the Sam variety are usually not used, therefore, with the onset of autumn, the brushes of the plant are cut off.
The root system of the culture is developing very intensively. Therefore, when planting fieldfare seedlings, you should first limit the area intended for planting.
Fieldfare mountain ash-leaved Sam in landscape design
The mountain ash field Sam has found wide application in the design and decoration of city squares and parks. A hedge of fieldberry bushes, planted along one line on the banks of rivers, lakes and other bodies of water, looks beautiful. This planting effectively anchors the soil on the slopes.
In the conditions of the city, fieldfare is planted next to administrative facilities and buildings. Shrubs purify the air and reduce the level of gas pollution. If the planting rules are followed, the hedge turns out to be flat and dense.
During the season, the fieldfare Sam manages to change 3 colors, which gives the natural landscape additional beauty. In spring, during blooming, the crown of the plant acquires a pink tint. In summer, fieldfare shrubs turn green. In autumn, the foliage turns crimson. This feature and unpretentious appearance are advantages when choosing a decorative culture for landscaping a site, park or square.
Fieldfare Sam is used in landscape design for various purposes:
- landscaping of shaded areas and areas;
- group compositions;
- individual landings;
- living fences.
An irreplaceable shrub for decorating spaces bounded by walls or fences. It is mainly used for planting in a group with other crops, but it also looks good on the lawn alone. A photo of the field ash of the mountain ash variety Sam demonstrates how good bushes in the form of a hedge can look.
Growing conditions for the field ash variety Sam
Under favorable conditions, the growth rate of the shrub is very fast. Fieldfare is undemanding to the composition of the soil, it tolerates sun and shade equally well. It is resistant to frost down to -32 ° C and hibernates in the open field without additional insulation.
Important! It is necessary to ensure that the field grass receives a sufficient amount of water. Otherwise, the shrub will slow down its growth, and its crown will not be spreading.
Landscape designers recommend planting shrubs one at a time. Plants grow well and look spectacular in any area. If the bushes are planted in groups, it is necessary to monitor their shape, trim and trim regularly.
Planting and caring for mountain ash Sam
In order for the mountain ash-leaved field Sam to please others with its appearance for many years, during its planting it is necessary to carry out a set of measures related to the preparation of the soil and seedlings, as well as to ensure that certain care rules are observed.
Preparation of planting material
It is better to plant rowan-leaved seedlings at the very beginning of spring. The plant will have time to get stronger and will tolerate frosts well.
The day before planting, fieldfare seedlings should be placed in water, especially if the root system looks dried out. If the cuttings look sluggish, they are placed in water as a whole for 24 - 48 hours. If after that the bark has not become smooth and shiny, such planting material is considered unsuitable for planting. Only healthy, strong, strong seedlings can be planted, branches with damaged areas and roots should be removed.
For better contact with the soil, it is recommended to dip the treated roots immediately before planting in a solution of a viscous consistency, obtained from humus and clay in a 1: 1 ratio. Instead of humus, you can use cow dung. A clay talker made from the following components will also be effective:
- mullein - 2 parts;
- clay - 1 part;
- water - 6 parts.
The organic composition of the talker will encourage root growth. For the same purposes, you can add growth regulators to the resulting mixture.
If the roots of the fieldfare are moistened with a solution, and planting in the soil is not planned immediately, it is recommended to dig the seedlings into the ground for this period so that they do not dry out.
Landing site preparation
Before planting mountain ash Sam, you need to prepare the soil. Almost any part of the garden is suitable for planting: the shrub grows well, both on the sunny and on the shaded side.
Fieldfare Sam likes rich, nutritious soil. When planting seedlings, you can additionally fertilize it and add some organic components:
- leafy ground;
- some clay;
- several handfuls of wood ash.
Advice! It is better to plant seedlings in fertile loam with almost neutral soil acidity.
To determine the type of soil, you should take a small amount of it from a depth of about 20 cm. If you can roll the sample into a bundle, it means that the soil is clayey. If the tourniquet breaks or cracks, the soil is loamy. If the soil is sandy loam, then it can be rolled into balls. If the soil crumbles and does not roll, the soil is sandy.
When planting rowan-leaved fieldfare on uneven areas, it is necessary to arrange the trunks in such a way that moisture is retained in them.
Planting fieldfare mountain ash-leaved Sam
In order for the mountain ash root system to take over well, it is necessary to dig holes with a diameter of at least 70 cm.The planting depth should be no more than 50 cm.When planting in groups between fieldfare seedlings, an interval of 1 m must be observed.It is important to overlay the sides of the grooves with sheets of dense material, for example , made of metal or slate. This will protect the site from the uncontrolled growth of field ash.
The bottom of the planting pit is lined by 10 - 20 cm with a layer of fine gravel, creating drainage. A mixture of soil and humus (compost) is spread on top. After that, the roots of the seedlings are lowered into the pit. The remaining free space is covered with soil fertilized with organic components. With the correct planting of Sam's fieldfare seedlings, the root collar should rise 2 - 3 cm above ground level. At the end of planting, the near-stem circle is watered with 2 buckets of water. After it is completely absorbed, the soil should be mulched to prevent premature evaporation of moisture.
Watering and feeding
The fieldfare suffers from prolonged drought, but it tolerates increased moisture well and can easily withstand even slight flooding. Watering should be frequent and abundant immediately after planting and during the first year. Then it is enough to carry out root watering 2 - 3 times a month, in conditions of summer heat - more often. Fieldfare Sam loves high humidity. In hot summer conditions, you can spray water and leaves. But this should be done only after sunset or when there are bushes in shaded areas. Otherwise, the foliage can get sunburn.
Fieldfare of mountain ash Sam needs constant feeding. It is enough to apply organic fertilizers: peat, humus, compost. The compositions can be combined with mineral fertilizers according to the following scheme per 1 sq. m:
- urea - in the spring, about 40 g;
- potassium nitrate - in the spring, about 15 g;
- superphosphate - in early autumn, about 40 g.
All fertilizer should be applied to the trunk circle or carefully added to the soil when it is shallowly loosened. With deep weeding, the root system of mountain ash may suffer. Too frequent fertilization of shrubs is not necessary: 2 - 3 additional fertilizing during the season is enough.
When the shrub reaches the age of 2 years, it is recommended to carry out the first pruning. This procedure is used for dried, broken, old, damaged branches, as well as shoots that spread along the ground. To give the mountain ash the desired shape, cut off the shoots that go beyond the boundaries of the outlines of the bush. Its shape must be monitored constantly. Usually, the height of the forming shrubs does not exceed 1 m. If Sam's fieldfare is planted as a hedge, it should be pruned at least 4 times during the season. Particular attention should be paid to the rapidly growing root growth, which distorts the shape of the shrub.
All work related to pruning is completed before the onset of winter.
Important! Cut shoots can be used as propagation cuttings for fieldfare.
Preparing for winter
The rowan-leaved fieldfare is frost-resistant, so it does not need to be specially insulated. Shrubs of the Sam variety do not require any special conditions for being in open soil in winter. They are hardy and can easily endure even very frosty winters.
In August, fertilizers containing nitrogen are stopped to the soil, since they contribute to the growth of young shoots of mountain ash, which will not be able to withstand winter frosts. With the onset of autumn, the soil is fertilized with nutrients including potassium and phosphorus. These elements strengthen the roots and branches of the fieldfare.
To help the shrubs survive the cold, they must first be properly watered. For this, water-charging irrigation is carried out, which requires large amounts of water. The soil under the bushes should be moistened 1 - 1.5 m deep, this will preserve its thermal conductivity and protect it from freezing. Too much soil should not be poured. The water will force air out of the pores of the earth, and the roots will begin to choke and die off. Reinforced watering is stopped with the onset of winter and cold weather.
After the foliage has fallen off, the bark of the shrubs is treated with iron vitriol prepared in accordance with the instructions. This will save the mountain ash-leaved field grass Sam from insects - pests that have climbed into the cracks of the bark for wintering.
How to propagate mountain ash Sam
The propagation of mountain ash can be carried out in several ways:
- With the help of layering. The method is considered the most effective. With the onset of spring, when the soil becomes moist enough, it is necessary to choose a strong, long shoot, on which several buds are located. It is sprinkled with soil, fixed in this position with a wire, leaving the upper edge of the plant on the surface. Throughout the summer, the rowan-leaved field grass cuttings are often watered, and in the fall they are cut off from the main shrub and transplanted to a pre-selected place.
- By cuttings. The method is more complicated and troublesome, but with proper implementation and care of the cuttings, it also gives a good result. It is necessary to choose a strong, healthy shoot with buds and cut it off from the top with a length of 30 cm. The cuttings are planted in a special container with a nutritious soil mixture, leaving the upper edge not covered with earth. The soil must be moist at all times. Otherwise, the shoots will not take root, the root system will not be able to develop properly, and due to a lack of moisture, the cuttings will dry out. After new leaves appear at the top of the shoots, they can be transplanted directly into the ground.
- By dividing the bush. The mother bush of the field ash variety Sam is dug up, shaken off from large clods of earth. The overground part is cut off with a pruning shears at a height of about 5 cm. Then, with a sharp knife, they are divided into parts so that each has 3 - 5 buds and a good lobe of roots. Too long roots are shortened, dried and sore areas are cut off. The sections are sprinkled with wood ash or fungicide powder. The separated parts must be planted immediately in the soil to prevent the roots from drying out. The seedlings are well watered and mulched with humus or high-moor peat.
- With the help of seeds. This method of reproduction of mountain ash is very rarely used, since this method is not effective enough and does not allow obtaining a positive result.
Diseases and pests
Unlike other crops, field ash Sam is characterized by resistance to most diseases and pests. Only in rare cases can separate harmful insects appear on it.
Green aphids are small but very insidious pests. The insect is especially dangerous for young plants. Aphids not only suck the juice out of the shoots, but also release poison at the same time. Its effect is manifested in twisting, deformation and death of leaves, curvature of the tops. Shoots stop growing. Natural secretions cover the leaves, which leads to disruption of the normal functioning of fieldfare bushes. Through saliva, aphids can infect shrubs with harmful viruses and completely destroy plantings.
Aphid colonies multiply at an incredible rate. Over the summer, one female can produce up to 50 generations. It is very difficult to deal with these insects, so protective measures must be taken immediately.
Aphids from mountain ash can be washed off with a stream of ordinary water. But spraying the stems and leaves with a soapy solution made from 300 g of grated soap and 10 liters of water will be more effective.
Usually pests settle on the underside of leaves. The appearance of light dots on the surface and the cobweb indicates their presence. If you do not fight the ticks, the fieldfare will start to fade. You can also use soapy water to treat the bushes. But the most effective in the fight against ticks are ancaricidal agents - "Actellik", "Fitoverm", "Neoron". Processing is carried out once every 2 weeks.
Sometimes fieldfare mountain ash gets sick with a viral mosaic - a very dangerous disease that spreads quickly and is characterized by resistance to any treatment. The leaves of the plant become covered with multi-colored spots, curl, deform. The fieldfare stops growing and gradually dies. Affected shrubs cannot be saved: they will have to be destroyed.
The mountain ash field Sam, due to its ease of planting, undemanding care and ability to resist any diseases and pests, is very popular among gardeners and landscape designers.This shrub for a long time is able to delight others with its well-groomed appearance, the beauty of deciduous decoration and the aroma of inflorescences.
Reviews of field ashberry Sam
Marina, 29 years old, Vladimir
Variety Sam liked the fact that it is undemanding to the soil. He does not need to create any additional conditions for good growth.
Igor, 44 years old, Moscow
The rowan-leaved shrubs are very beautiful, their crown is spreading, and even without pruning, the fieldfare looks appropriate and neat on the site.
Valentina, 63 years old, Ivanovo
On the site for a long time, mountain ash Sam has been growing, I water and fertilize in the same way as other trees: I am very pleased with its condition and appearance.