Armeria (Armeria) fascinates at first sight. On a pillow of bright greenery there are carnations-flowers. The plant looks great in bright places and surrounded by stones. The variety of varieties and species makes it possible to use armeria for a variety of landscape purposes.
The birthplace of the plant is Western and Eastern Europe. Despite the fact that armeria is represented by a large number of species, all of them differ only in the color of inflorescences and the characteristics of foliage.
The most famous varieties of plants: velvich, armeria maritime, pseudoarmeria, alpine, prickly, soddy, bulbous, Siberian, arctic, beautiful and others.
Alpine armeria is a miniature perennial. Its height reaches 10 centimeters and a diameter of 30 centimeters. The flowers are small, peduncles 30 centimeters long. Flowering occurs only once a month. The plant has several varieties, they differ in tone color.
Presented variety is least like all others. Its height reaches 40 cm. Rosettes are evergreen, inflorescences are white or pink. Flowering occurs from the beginning of summer until autumn. The most popular types are Joystick White and Bees Ruby. The presented armeria is grown both as an annual and as a perennial.
The presented view is the most capricious and famous. Height - up to 20 centimeters. The diameter of the curtain is 15 centimeters. Inflorescences are mauve, leaves are narrow, bluish. Flowering continues for 2 months. The best varieties are Düsseldorf Stolz, Rosea Compacta, Bloodstone.
Pretty tall view. Leaves are bluish, 10 centimeters. Derninka reaches 30 cm, with several outlets.
The highest view. The inflorescences are large, capitate, flower stalks reach 35 cm. Flowering occurs from June until the frosts. The plant is demanding on the soil, or rather, on the concentration of calcium in it.
Leaves are needle-shaped, two-centimeter inflorescences.
Height - up to 15 cm, the diameter of the turf - up to 20 cm. The leaves are somewhat reminiscent of pine branches. The color of inflorescences is from bright pink to red. One decorative form - Sündermann.
Height - from 20 cm to half a meter. Flowering is from May to July. Inflorescences with white or pink flowers.
There is a vertical root. Inflorescences in the form of a ball resemble decorative bows, there can be up to 10 pieces. Leaves are narrow, five-centimeter.
How to plant and properly care
For planting armeria seeds are used. No difficulties should arise, only proper care is needed.
The culture tolerates drought, and moisture stagnation is fatal for it. The soil should be loose - suitable rocky or sandy. In many ways, the features of cultivation depend on the species. Direct sunlight should be avoided. Armeria feels good both in moderate light and in the shade.
Leaving involves loosening and watering. Wilted buds must be removed. You can carry out organic dressing.
For the first time, top dressing is performed during flowering and after it 2 more times. Diseases and pests are very rare, which means that chemical treatment is not required. Armeria tolerates winter well, but shelter will not be superfluous.
Armeria can be propagated in various ways: seeds, division of the bush, cuttings. When propagated by seeds, they are planted directly in the ground. Before that, they must be placed in warm water for 8 hours.
Seeds are placed in the ground in early spring or before winter. If you are going to plant seedlings, you need to do this from the end of winter. Seed germination is excellent! Plants grown by seedlings will bloom only in the second year.
In the process of dividing the bush, it is better to choose three-year-olds. The procedure itself is carried out in the fall or spring after the plant fades. The plant can propagate and self-sowing.
Despite the fact that the plant loves heat, it is not afraid of frost. Caring for it involves shelter for the winter - with spruce branches, peat and building materials. But this applies only to soddy armeria, the rest of the species can not be hidden. However, keep an eye on the amount of snow in winter. If it is not enough, you should still put a spruce branch.
How to use in landscape design
The flower is suitable for decorating rocky gardens, borders, rabatok. Ideal neighbors for him:
- creeping thyme;
- stunted phlox;
- Carpathian bells;
Armeria, the cultivation of which is not difficult, looks great with plants belonging to the group of creeping ground covers, carpet-like perennials, and turf-shaped bushes. It can contrast with bulbs or decorative onions. Any plant with delicate flowers and openwork foliage will be an excellent companion for armeria!
Mostly gardeners are attracted by the greenery of the plant, but inflorescences do not need to be discounted. They resemble cloves, and some - a decorative bow. Thanks to inflorescences, the plant is used as a container and cut crop.
Armeria can also be used as a plant that hides the transition from a track or gravel site to other garden objects. Among other things, it will look good as a solo plant and in a group with other flowers of the alpine flora. It can also become a bright spot among greenery.
With the help of Armeria bushes, you can build magnificent borders. In appearance, they will be similar to aristocratic. As a living frame for flower gardens - this is the best option, especially for a modern garden.
The plant also looks great in the front garden. Coniferous plants should be in the background. Many people think that the flower is perfect for the foreground. However, if you do not plant it linearly, you can plant in the middle lane of the flower garden. If you decide to plant armeria in a group, you must definitely use at least one more decorative foliage plant.
The plant is also used for cutting. In order to make an ordinary bouquet, it is cut off only after the buds are fully opened. If this is not done, the buds will not open in the water. Heads are great for making winter bouquets. In this case, after cutting, they are placed in a dark and dry room, tying in bunches, until the bouquet is made. Often, armeria is also used to frame more overall colors. It can also be used as a dried flower.
Armeria is an interesting plant that combines bright greenery and many clove flowers. There are many types and varieties of flower, therefore, care for it may vary. Propagation of armeria occurs by seeds, seedlings, division, cuttings. Of the features of care, it is worth highlighting loosening the soil, watering and applying fertilizing. Some species need shelter for the winter. In landscape design, a flower is used to create an alpine hill, in borders and discounts, for cutting, as a contrasting spot among bright greenery.