To indoor plants looked beautiful, they must be properly looked after. The palm tree of dracaena is no exception in this regard. Although it demonstrates absolute unpretentiousness in indoor conditions, it is nevertheless necessary to observe the basic requirements for the care of this beautiful deciduous ornamental plant that fills the room with positive energy.
Dracaena are plants from the Asparagus family. These succulent shrubs from the flowering and monocotyledonous class are very popular among gardeners. Acquisition of a tree-like form by the plant was the result of a secondary thickening due to the functioning of the stem meristem. Such a thickening characterizes many representatives of the Agavaceae family and the Xanthorrhoeaceae family. Unlike representatives of the Cordilin clan, Dracaena is not capable of stem formation, and is also not characterized by the development of stolons.
A significant part of dracaena are of interest as deciduous plants for indoor floriculture and interior decoration. The most beautiful species with multicolor leaves are bred in heated greenhouses.
There are green-leafed and variegated species of dracaena. The most unpretentious, but not very popular varieties in indoor floriculture include fringed dracaena, as well as Dragon and Godseff. These plants have a special shade tolerance and easily adapt to low-temperature regimes, are not demanding in care, and need only moderate watering and periodic rubbing of the leaves. The state of rest falls on the autumn-winter period.
The most popular varieties of dracaena are more demanding in care. In spring and summer, they need to provide additional food, regular spraying or a warm shower, as well as shading. This category includes:
- fragrant dracaena;
- bent away;
Exotic lovers often grow rare species, including dracaena Golden, Florida Beauty, Punctulata and "Milky Way". Such species are characterized by annual flowering subject to the rules of care.
How to grow Dracaena at home
Dracaena can be attributed to unpretentious, virtually no special care indoor plants.
Winter and summer watering
Used distilled tap water at room temperature. In spring and summer, at the stage of active growth, abundant watering is required once a week. In the autumn and winter periods, dracaena is at rest and requires less frequent irrigation of the soil. As a rule, subject to the temperature regime and optimal moisture indicators, watering is carried out no more than once a month. The plant reacts poorly to excessive irrigation and stagnation of water. However, soil drainage is also unacceptable.
When and how to feed
As a top dressing, it is recommended to use special storefront complex fertilizers that are designed for indoor plants. Exact observance of the instructions minimizes the risk of overdose, which negatively affects the plant. In the summer, in the phase of active growth and development, fertilizers are applied once a week. During dormancy, it is enough to feed once a month. It is very convenient to combine top dressing with watering.
Species of dracaena with green leaves can be grown in light partial shade. Varieties with variegated, multicolor foliage are recommended for cultivation in full light. The best option is to place such plants on the windows of the east or west. The southern location requires shading, and when placed on the northern windows, plants will need additional illumination.
Dracaena need increased humidity and spraying leaves. However, it is undesirable to get involved in such an event: the accumulation of moisture between the leaves provokes decay. To increase humidity, it is recommended to place containers with moistened expanded clay in the immediate vicinity of the plant. Dust removal from leaves is carried out using a soft and damp cloth. A good option is "soul".
Dracaena refers to heat-loving crops, but does not tolerate temperatures more than 32 degrees. The best indicators in summer are 23 degrees, and in winter it is permissible to lower the temperature to 15 degrees.
How to plant a dracaena
For planting, soil with neutral or slightly acidic pH values is required. The best option for a light nutritious soil mixture can be purchased in a store or made independently by mixing:
- one piece of turf land;
- one part of deciduous land;
- one part of coarse sand;
- one part of peat;
- one part of humus.
A good alternative to such a composition is a mixture created on the basis of:
- one part of turf land;
- one part of river sand;
- one part of humus;
- a small amount of fine brick chips.
Self-preparation of the mixture requires its high-quality heat treatment in the oven. After disinfection, it is recommended to add a small amount of charcoal to the mixture.
All types of dracaena need to be periodically transplanted into a more loose landing capacity. Young plants need to be replanted annually. Adult plants need to be replanted once every couple of years. Dracaena transplantation is carried out in early spring by way of transshipment with an earthen lump. The bottom of the new landing tank should be covered with a layer of quality drainage. After transplanting, the plant needs to be watered abundantly. The first feeding is carried out a month and a half after the transplant.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about the causes of yellowing and falling of dracaena leaves.
There are several ways to carry out the reproduction of dracaena in indoor conditions. The most widely used method of cuttings.
This is the fastest and easiest way, which consists in removing with the help of a sharp and clean knife the top of the crown of the plant, including the stem and leaves. The length of such a segment should be about 12 cm. The stem is transferred to a container of water. It is recommended to add activated carbon to the water. Subject to microclimatic conditions, the emergence of roots in the stem occurs after a couple of months, after which the plant is to be planted in a container with soil.
In this case, the strongest and youngest stem is used, which with a sharp knife should be divided into 5 cm segments with at least two buds. Each segment must be carefully cut and placed in the ground, providing the cuttings with subsequent abundant watering. Such a landing should be placed in a room mini-greenhouse. Subject to all requirements, shoots will form in a month and a half, and after complete rooting, plants can be planted in a permanent place.
Dracaena diseases and pests
As a rule, when proper care is taken, dracaenas are little susceptible to pest damage. Any disease is most often the result of errors during cultivation.
Diseases and methods of dealing with them
- Brown or dry leaf tips result from exposure to too dry air or poor watering and drafts. The situation can be corrected by increasing humidity indicators and normalizing the irrigation regime.
- Twisting and softening of the leaves is observed at low temperatures in the room.
- Yellowing of the lower leaves is a physiological process and does not require intervention.
- The appearance of light and dry spots on the leaves is observed due to the plant getting a sunburn and requires shading.
Pests and ways to get rid of them
- The appearance of a scab and a false scrub requires washing the plants with a soap solution, followed by treatment with Actellik.
- The spider mite is easily eliminated as a result of increased leaf spraying or increased humidity. Allowed the use of special chemicals that are used according to the instructions.
- To combat thrips, the leaves are covered with a soap solution, which should be removed from the plant in a day.
How to water dracaena
Growing dracaena does not require special skills and knowledge in the field of indoor floriculture. However, compliance with the basic rules of care is necessary: this will help to maintain health and extend the life of a beautiful and useful plant for the indoor climate.