Among the variety of cultivated flowering plants, it is difficult to find as unpretentious and decorative as a lavatera. Bright or soft pastel flowers can be used to compose any compositions in the garden.
Lavatera three-month or, as it is also called, a garden rose, is used to decorate any areas, including shaded ones. Small lavater bushes look very impressive in a composition with tall plants, for example, with gladioli or park roses. Lavatera is often used to create country-style flower beds.
The main advantages of the Lavater:
- High decorativeness;
- Abundant and long-lasting flowering;
- Resistant to weather conditions;
- Undemanding to the soil;
- Shade tolerance;
- Drought resistance;
- Resistance to fungal diseases.
Lavatera blooms profusely from early summer until frost. Lavatera flowers are most decorative in August; in hot weather, their color becomes more intense.
An annual plant. The flowers are simple, large, funnel-shaped, with contrasting venation. They can be white, pink, purple.
Lavatera leaves are dark green, carved, pubescent, retain their decorative effect for a long time.
A bush of tall flowers reaches 1 meter, often needs support. Low-growing varieties have a height of no more than 50 cm, form a compact bush.
Flowers die at a temperature of -5 degrees.
Any area is suitable for planting a lavater, except for the place where water stagnates after heavy rainfall. Lavater roots do not tolerate excess moisture. Any soil is also suitable for these flowers, even with increased acidity, but best of all, lavater flowers develop on light, fertilized soil.
If possible, before planting flowers, lavaters dig up the soil by adding humus, sand, ash and a complex of nutrients. Humus must be added 2 - 3 liters per square meter, sand and ash are added in equal proportions, depending on the type of soil. Mineral fertilizers for flowers are applied according to the instructions.
Important! Lavater seeds should be fresh, preferably from last season.
They have good germination, but quickly lose their ability to germinate. It is impossible to get friendly shoots from three-year-old seeds.
The seeds of these flowers can be sown directly into the ground or planted through seedlings. Grown through seedlings, flowers bloom much earlier.
Sowing the seeds of Lavater begins when the soil temperature warms up to 15 - 18 degrees. As a rule, in most Russian regions this is the middle or the end of April. In the prepared soil, holes are made up to 4 cm deep. The distance between the holes should be at least 25 cm; in thickened plantings, the lavater blooms poorly. One or two seeds of a garden rose are sown in each hole; after germination, one strongest flower is left.
After 2 weeks, the first shoots of garden rose flowers appear. They are very sensitive to low temperatures, so it is advisable to cover the flower sprouts overnight to avoid freezing. The seedlings of these flowers do not require special care; they only need timely watering and, if necessary, weeding.
Important! Some garden rose seeds germinate for a very long time; after germination, their development lags noticeably behind other seedlings. It is better to discard such seedlings, they will not be able to give abundant flowering.
They begin to grow lavatera through seedlings in mid-March. It is advisable to plant each seed in a separate glass. Then, during transplantation, the root system is less injured.
1 - 2 seeds of a garden rose are placed in a glass with a prepared soil mixture, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle. Planting depth - up to 3 cm. Cups with flower seeds must be covered with transparent material until germination. After the first shoots of a garden rose appear, the shelter is removed.
For the full development of the seedlings of the lavater, a lot of light is needed, the air temperature should be about 20 degrees.
Monthly flower seedlings can be planted in open ground when the threat of frost has passed.
Caring for an adult lavater consists of watering if necessary, weeding and fertilizing.
Watering the lavender should be done carefully, even in the heat it is enough to water it once a week. The top layer of the soil must necessarily dry out between waterings.
Weed the lavater if necessary. To avoid this unpleasant procedure, the soil between the lavatera bushes can be covered with a layer of mulching material. A coating that allows air to pass through is required. The following materials are recommended:
- Black agrofibre;
- Chopped hay;
- Mown grass.
It is undesirable to use a black film for mulching a garden rose, the soil under it dries poorly, the roots of the lavater can rot.
Fertilization for growing a garden rose is necessary only for very depleted soils, as a rule, the nutrients introduced to the plant when planting flowers are enough for the entire season. If fertilizers were not applied when planting a garden rose, you can add complex water-soluble fertilizers when watering.
Advice! Florists in the reviews recommend adding long-acting potash and phosphorus fertilizers when planting the lavater. They stimulate the abundant flowering and color intensity of the garden rose.
An adult lavatera is very rarely affected by fungal or bacterial diseases. But occasionally, planting a garden rose can become infected with rust. To cure the flowers, it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and treat the flowers with fungicides.
There are many varieties of garden roses. Below is a description and photo of the most popular varieties of garden roses.
Lavatera variety "Pink Beauty"
The variety is tall, can grow up to 90 cm, abundantly covered with bright pink buds with contrasting dark veins. Used for group plantings, as a tapeworm, requires a garter.
Lavater variety "Mont Blanc"
Medium bush, up to 75 cm, abundantly leafy. The flowers are numerous, large, white, without veins. Can be used in group plantings to create a hedge. No garter required.
Lavatera variety "Parade"
The bush is medium, grows up to 75 cm, abundantly covered with medium-sized flowers. On one bush, pink buds of various shades can bloom - from bright pink to almost white, with dark veins. Looks spectacular in the foreground of a flower arrangement. Does not need support.
Lavatera variety "Tanagra"
A short bush, up to 50 cm. Flowers are large, numerous, bright pink. Can be used to create borders, edging tall tapeworms.
Planting a lavater and caring for it will not take much time and effort, if you carefully select plants for a flower arrangement, you can decorate your site yourself no worse than professional designers would.
Svetlana, 37 years old, Krasnodar
Lavater, I have been growing a wild rose for a long time, I want beauty in the summer, but there is no time. I sow straight into the ground, I try to choose low varieties of flowers to get a beautiful border. I water, if necessary, from aphids I sprayed twice. I really like flowers, low balls, all covered with flowers. This year I planted pink and white in one. They look very impressive.
Vitaly, 28 years old, Severodvinsk
Last year I bought some Lavatera seedlings to plant in the rose garden. My miniatures did not survive this winter, I wanted to cover the bare ground with flowers. The saleswoman said that these flowers do not require maintenance, planting, watering and that's it. I didn’t believe it, because I believe that nothing good can be obtained without labor. But the flowers surprised me. "Roses" grow quickly, bloomed at the end of June, the bush is completely covered with bright flowers. There was no time to take care of them, they received the leftovers from the roses. They did not hurt, they bloomed until the frost. Next year I want to grow flowers from seeds on my own.
Irina, 47 years old, Ivanovo
A neighbor "treated" with seedlings of lavater. She said that for a busy lady like me, a wild rose is the most suitable plant. I planted it in the garden, watered it, bought fertilizers for them. A neighbor said that fertilizers need to be applied to the soil when the lavatera releases its buds. And I forgot about her. I remembered by the end of June, I did not think that the seedlings survived. But no, 9 out of 10 plants not only survived, but also bloomed. The flowers, of course, are rustic, but when there are a lot of them they look very nice. I recommend it to everyone who loves flowers and cannot devote much time to caring for them. I never applied fertilizers to the soil, I bought it in vain, the flowers bloomed like that until the cold weather.