Very beautiful and unusually spectacular clematis are becoming more popular with flower growers in our country. Planting clematis in the flower garden at the cottage allows you to decorate the infield. Before you try to grow this flower in a household plot or cottage, you should learn how to plant clematis correctly, as well as how to care for it after planting or transplanting. Care for clematis will largely depend on the variety and method of planting the plant.
Clematis is divided into three main categories depending on where the flowers form.
Clematis forming flowers exclusively on last year's shoots
This group is represented by species clematis. Alpina Macropetal, Montana, as well as hybrids created on the basis of this group. The main flowering time is in spring or early June. "Alpina" and "Macropetal" are suitable for cultivation in our country, these flowers are called princes. Not a single variety from the Montana subgroup is suitable for planting and growing in our climatic conditions.
Clematis, forming flowers on the shoots of both last and current year
This group includes varieties for the breeding of which clematis was used. "Lanuginoza" and "Patens". Plants are characterized by two waves of flowering. The first wave occurs at the beginning of summer, and flowering during this period is not always plentiful. The second wave of flowering, occurring in the middle of summer, is considered to be the main one for plants in our climatic zone.
Clematis, forming flowers exclusively on the shoots of the current year
For the third group, to which such varieties as Vititsella, Integrifolia, as well as varieties bred with their use, and plants from the Jacqueman group, characterized by abundant flowering from July to significant frosts. Plants are very resistant to weather factors and are characterized by a high level of winter hardiness.
Cuttings can be used as planting material, methods of grafting, propagating by layering, and also dividing bushes are very often used.
Preference should be given to seedlings that were obtained as a result of cuttings. In addition, it is advisable to purchase clematis, which were grown in an area similar in conditions to the place of intended landing.
For the design of a small flower garden, an important condition is the compactness of the habit and the shape of the clematis bush. It should be remembered that among the clematis of Jacquman, the most popular among the floriculturists of our country, as well as violet, flowers are always formed on the shoots of the current year. Burning clematis is no less popular, which was loved by unpretentiousness, grace and a wonderful sophisticated aroma. At the stage of flower formation, the plant looks very exotic. Among more than three hundred types of clematis, it is the stinging one that is most suitable for cultivation in the northern regions.
Clematis: planting and care
Dates and methods of landing and transplantation
Planting clematis on a personal plot or in a flower garden at the dacha includes the following measures:
- selection of a landing site;
- planting a plant;
- post-planting care.
It should be remembered that you can not plant and grow clematis in the following conditions:
- the presence of shadow and deep partial shade;
- the presence of drafts;
- the presence of a lowland where moisture accumulation or stagnation is observed;
- the proximity of the walls of buildings.
You can decorate the cottage with clematis in different ways:
- arrange flower beds;
- perform vertical gardening, create arches, arrange trellis or pergolas;
- Design vibrant flower hedges.
It is best to plant on the site plants of different timing and type of flowering. Planting should be carried out in the spring, following the recommendations of experienced gardeners.
- Clematis is characterized by a fairly easy adaptation to planting and transplantation. The purchased seedling of the plant should be placed as soon as possible in the ground for growing, and after a couple of years, you can transplant to a permanent place.
- If the site is low enough, the transplant is performed on a low mound, and the landing pit should be filled with a mixture of earth with humus and ash.
- The deepening of the root neck is from three to eight centimeters, which depends on the stage of development of the plant in the spring. After planting, pruning should be done and only the two lower kidneys should be left. Next, the plant needs to be watered, and the soil should be mulched.
- Landing on a permanent place should be carried out with a distance between the bushes, which can reach one and a half meters and depends on the plant variety.
- After planting, the plant should be equipped with a support, which can be both temporary and permanent. Clematis should be tied very carefully.
The main care of the plant consists in carrying out weeding, loosening, watering, as well as tying the lashes of the plant to the supports. To protect clematis from drying out and soil overheating, in the spring, mulch with humus or peat.
Another rescue procedure that protects plants planted in the spring from overheating is "tamping" the landing with pilots, which can effectively close the bottom of the shoots. To form a plant in the desired direction for growth, in the spring, you should do the tying and arrange the shoots on a support.
The only variety of clematis that does not encircle supports is Integrifolia. This plant binds as it grows. Before sheltering in the winter, clematis should be trimmed after first clearing the old foliage.
Especially careful care is required for young plants. It is very important to feed them with small doses of fertilizer twice a month. In early spring, you can add wood ash and manure mixed with potash-phosphorus fertilizers under the plants.
We recommend that you read an article about the best varieties of clematis for growing in Russia.
There are several options for planting a plant. It should be remembered that some varieties and species cannot be propagated by seeds. For example, Jacqueman’s clematis does not propagate by seed, which is due to the production of a plant as a result of such reproduction, which by all its characteristics does not resemble any of the parent plants.
In spring crops, stratified seeds are used. They should be mixed with moistened sand, and then maintained at a temperature level of +5 degrees. Sowing is carried out in early May.
During autumn planting, seeds should not be stratified.
How to cut and cover clematis for the winter
Tips & Tricks
Immediately after planting, you should perform the shading of the plant, as well as protect the bushes from gusts of wind. When watering, you should carefully monitor the amount of irrigation and do not flood the planted plants. In addition, the clematis planting should be regularly weeded, as well as carefully, but carefully loosened. It is not recommended to feed plants with fertilizers immediately after planting.
Observing the basic requirements for the care of clematis, you can get beautiful flowers at the cottage. The right choice of varieties for planting and the proper arrangement of plants will provide the local area with an attractive appearance for many months.
Clematis are diverse in their species, varieties and forms, but today they are most often distinguished by a specific classification, which makes it possible with extreme ease to distinguish plants by various parameters. This helps to choose the appropriate agricultural technology.
These are quite large shrub vines with shoots about 3-4 m long and a well-developed root system. Jacquman flowers are large, blue-violet hues, do not have any smell. Plants are characterized by abundant and very long flowering on the shoots of the current year. In the winter season, the shoots are trimmed to soil level, and the gardener can leave their bases with two to three pairs of buds.
These are shrub vines, the average length of which is from 3 to 3.5 m. The flowers of this species are open, with a predominance of pink-red tones in the color. This species is characterized by quite lush and prolonged flowering on the shoots of the current year. In winter, the shoots are also cut off.
These are shrub vines with thin shoots, the length of which can be up to 2.5 m. The flowers of the lanuginosa are large and wide open by themselves. Their color is white or blue. This type of clematis differs in mass flowering on last year's shoots. If pruning of shoots is carried out in autumn, then next year flowering occurs from the second half of summer already on shoots related to the current year.
How to prepare clematis for winter
Shrub vines; their length is on average 3 m. The flowers of this species are open, single, can be up to 15 cm in diameter, and their color can be from light to bright and "thick" tones. Flowering occurs on last year's shoots. In autumn, shoots need to be shortened, while removing their faded part, and covered before spring.
These are shrub lianas, their shoots can have a length of up to 3 m. Florida flowers are open, they can be the most varied color, but still mostly light colors prevail here. Flowering occurs on last year's shoots. They are shortened to 1-2 m in length and stored under cover during the winter. If they are completely cut, then weak flowering on the shoots of the current year will begin only in the second half of summer.