Suggestions

How to propagate garden flowers yourself


So that your garden is buried in flowers, learn to propagate them yourself. This is not as difficult to do as at first glance, so in this article we will talk in detail about how to propagate irises, roses, lilies - one of the most popular flowers in the garden areas of Russians.

Propagation of roses

The easiest and most affordable way to propagate flowers is cuttings. This is the rooting of twigs cut from a bush.

Preparation of cuttings

Choose shoots that have already acquired a brown tint and lignified at the base. Cut the cuttings from them 5-8 cm long. In this case, the lower cut should be under the kidney, and the upper one - half a centimeter above the kidney. Try to do both slices at an angle of 45 degrees. It is good if on each handle there will be one (with 2 branches) or two internodes. Before rooting the finished cuttings, remove the lower twig and upper leaves from the remaining twigs from them, and then process them with zircon: dilute one fertilizer ampoule in 2 liters of water and place the cuttings in the resulting solution, immersing them to a depth of 2-3 cm. Leave on 15 hours.

Landing

Plant the cuttings in pots directly or under a slight inclination to a depth of 1-2 cm. Use a mixture of earth and sand as soil. Water the ground before planting.

Care

To prevent the soil from drying out, spray the cuttings with water at room temperature every day. The first roots of the cuttings appear after 14 days, and the plant takes root in 3-4 weeks.

Propagation of roses

For more information on roses, see the articles “Growing Garden Roses” and “Caring for Roses in the Garden”.

Reproduction of irises

These flowers are propagated by dividing the roots into planting plots - pieces of root with a fan of leaves.

Breeding

After the irises have faded, dig them out of the ground. Separate rhizomes with your hands or cut into parts with a knife. Cut the leaves to a height of 10-12 cm. In the form of a triangle. Shorten the roots by 23 lengths. Disinfect the resulting plots, holding it in a potassium permanganate solution for 10-15 minutes, and then keep it in the sun all day, after sprinkling slices with crushed charcoal.

Landing

Dig a hole and pour a mound of earth to the bottom. Dip the roots into the hole and gently spread them over the knoll. Planting depth - no more than 2-3 cm. Fill the roots with earth and compact with your hands - the planted plot should be firmly fixed in the soil.

Top dressing

If irises grow well after planting, then in the first year they can not be fed. In the future, flowers should be fertilized with mineral fertilizers three times a year: at the beginning of growth, during the formation of buds and after flowering. Irises usually bloom in the second year after transplantation. Useful material about erythronium (dog canine).

Reproduction of irises

Lily breeding

The most common and easiest way to reproduce lilies is to divide the nests of the bulbs. It is based on the fact that several new buds are formed in the bulb at once, giving rise to daughter bulbs. They are separated and transplanted to another place. Growing, separated bulbs form an independent root system.

Division

Trim the lily stems very close to the soil surface. Then dig the bulbs. In order not to damage them, it is better to do this with garden pitchforks. Then clean the bulbs from the ground, remove all the scales with spots and traces of rot. Cut the roots, leaving 10-15 cm. Disassemble the large nests into bulbs. If they themselves do not separate, do it with a knife. Pure clean bulbs with roots for 20-30 minutes. in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or the drug "Maxim".

Landing

Prepared bulbs are best planted immediately, but if you need to wait, then do not allow the roots to dry out. To do this, fold the bulbs into boxes and pour them with wet peat.

Plant the bulb to a depth three times its diameter. After planting, water the soil. We recommend reading the article on cardiocrinum.

Lily breeding