Coastal plants are constantly directed to the dark expanse of water - this is due, primarily, to the fact that they grow on the very edge of the coast, sometimes almost entirely appearing in water. We are talking about those plants that can be seen in the shallows of lakes, ponds and rivers. Most of them grow well on low, but moist banks of artificial garden ponds.
Perhaps the most famous plant on the shores of Russian reservoirs can rightfully be called reeds. Only in fact, speaking of it, we don’t even suspect that the reeds are an extensive genus of plants, which includes about two hundred species of different plants with a triangular or rounded stem and inflorescences in the form of medium-sized brownish spikelets collected in dense heads or spreading umbrellas. Some varieties of reeds are introduced into the culture, therefore, decorative varieties, in turn, are created on their basis. Often used are those that are obtained on the basis of lake reeds (Albescens) - its shoots are painted white with narrow green longitudinal stripes. "Golden spears"- a plant with stems that are bright yellow in spring, and green in summer.
"Zebrinus"is a plant with bright yellow horizontal stripes, playing with their highlights on a dark green background of stems.
In addition, it is quite difficult to find a swamp or just a small ditch in the middle zone of Russia, wherever cattail could be settled (Typha) Just it can be called a typical reed - the plant has long xiphoid leaves and spectacular, large inflorescences of a dark brown color. In the territory not related to the chernozem, cattail broadleaf is most common (T.latifolia).
In the southern part of the country, this species can alternate with thickets of narrow-leaved cattail (T. Angustifolia) and small cattail (T.minima) All of these species can be called decorative, but they rarely planted in garden ponds. The main reason for this is their high environmental aggressiveness.
In particular, their strong and very thick rhizomes grow with such speed that in an extremely short time they can simply occupy the entire territory of the pond. In other cases, cattail settles on its own, due to the participation of wind or birds, which bring its seeds.
Plants for a country pond
Homeland of calamus swamp (Acorus) is considered Southeast Asia, but now it can be found in some reservoirs of the temperate zone in the Northern Hemisphere. IN "wild"of its variety, it settles in illuminated shallow waters, forming at the same time extensive curtains consisting of xiphoid, bright green leaves, the height of which can reach one meter. The inflorescences of this plant are similar to dense green cobs, but may not always appear and be noticeable. If If you grind its leaves, then they will begin to exude a strong and pleasant smell, and therefore in many villages it was flooring that was used before.
For decorative purposes, the shape of the plant is used "Variegatus", with wide creamy stripes along the edges of leaf plates. They are planted in lighted shallow waters in various garden ponds. This plant generally requires minimal care, because you only need to worry about it not to freeze when you face the wintering in a dry place.
Among most types of sedges (Carex), in turn, you can find quite a lot of moisture-loving and resistant to cold. Moreover, they can be successfully used as decorative ones.
Considering the case with garden decoration, one should choose not natural varieties of sedges, but varieties artificially created on their basis. We recommend reading the article on a water lily for garden ponds.