For many, it will be a discovery that black pepper is not only a fragrant, bitter spice, but also Bulgarian pepper, habitual for gardeners, growing everywhere in personal plots. Yes, a regular pepper, but with an unusual color. There are quite a few varieties of black peppers, but not all gardeners know about them, and some simply do not dare to grow them. But there is nothing difficult in growing a variety of black pepper!
Sowing seeds begins in mid-February, if you do not have time, you can postpone sowing until the first days of March. The land harvested in the fall must be brought into a warm room, give it time to warm up properly, loosen it up and pour it with warm water. Sow black pepper seeds in a container with soil and cover it with foil until the seeds germinate.
Important! For good and fast germination of pepper seeds, the temperature in the room should not be lower than 25 ° C.
Then even seeds of 3 or 4 years old will germinate, and on the tenth day maximum, friendly shoots will appear. The container with seeds should not stand on the battery, since the earth will dry out, and the sprouted shoots will simply die. It is allowed to find this container near the battery to create the required temperature for germination.
Actions after emergence
When the seedlings become massive, you need to lower the temperature around the peppers. How to do it? It is necessary to take the container with the seedlings to the greenhouse, preferably heated, in which the temperature must be maintained at about + 15 ° C. This procedure is called seedling hardening. Then the temperature should be increased to about 25 degrees.
After two or three true leaves appear, the seedlings should be cut using peat pots. Before starting a dive, the ground in a container with peppers must be well watered so that when removing the seedlings you do not harm them and pull them out along with the roots.
Attention! Since pepper is a light-loving culture, it is necessary to provide seedlings with uniform access to sunlight.
At this stage, fertilizing with a complex fertilizer is desirable. Care must be taken to ensure that no pests such as aphids, spider mites or duck do not appear. At the first sign of pests, treatment must be carried out.
If the seedlings are grown in compliance with these rules, then a couple of months after germination, they should have 12 well-developed leaves, a strong stalk, and its height should be at least 25 cm.
Seedlings should be planted in the ground after stable warm weather has been installed, the soil should have time to warm up to at least +10 degrees. It would be nice to add humus or compost to it. Plant the plants not densely, observing an interval of 35-45 cm. You can throw a handful of wood ash into each hole.
When the peppers take root, you can add fertilizing in the form of complex fertilizers and urea. This procedure is usually done twice a season.
Advice! The soil in the pepper bed should not be allowed to dry out, the looseness and moisture of the soil for varieties of black peppers, first of all.
But pouring it in is also not good. If it's hot outside, it is enough to water the pepper two or three times a week with not cold water.
Recently, many new varieties of pepper have appeared in all colors of the rainbow, including black or close to black in color.
Black pepper varieties
A common property of black peppers is their similarity in taste to green peppers. When baked, black pepper changes its original color towards greenish. It is very good in salad or in vegetable stews.
Pepper variety from the category of sweet (Bulgarian). A fairly early hybrid, full maturity occurs 100 or 110 days after germination. This variety feels great both in the greenhouse and in the open field. The height of the bush is about 0.8 m, the fruits are in the shape of a cone with a sharp top, the weight of the fruit is about 90 grams, thick-walled (up to 6 mm). The color varies from deep purple to dark cherry. The taste is juicy and sweet. In a greenhouse, it gives a yield of about 7 kg per square meter.
Very early variety (75-85 days from germination).
It grows well in open ground, the height of the bush does not exceed 80 cm. The fruit has a shape slightly resembling a cube, large, with an approximate weight of 170 grams, with a wall thickness of up to 7 mm. The variety is resistant to viral diseases such as tobacco mosaic and potato virus.
It belongs to early maturing varieties (95-100 days). It grows both in an open bed and under a film. It grows quite high and gives a high yield (up to 15 fruits per bush), therefore, a garter on a support is required. The fruits are powerful, the weight reaches 0.25 kg / piece, the color varies from dark purple to dark red, the walls are plump (up to 1 cm). The taste of the fruits is excellent, they are very juicy and sweet. This variety adapts to adverse weather conditions and is resistant to viruses. The harvest reaches 7.5 kg per square meter.
One name is worth it! Very beautiful, glossy fruits with great taste reach a mass of up to 0.35 kg, thick-walled (up to 0.9 cm), the color changes from black-chocolate to red-chocolate. The variety is early, the bush is not high - about 50 cm. It is grown under a film or in an open garden.
A mid-ripening hybrid (about 130 days). Grows in a greenhouse. The bush is quite sprawling, has an average height. Fruits with a glossy shine, with the shape of an elongated cube, fruit weight about 170 grams, walls about 7 mm thick. It has a strong peppery aroma. The variety tolerates a slight cold snap well.
The variety was bred by Siberian breeders. Late ripening (about 135 days from germination). The height of the bush is about 0.8 m. Fruits are elongated pyramidal, weighing 125 grams. The color is first dark green, then chocolate, which is most interesting, the color inside the fruit is red. Feels great both in the greenhouse and in the open garden. Good immunity to pepper diseases.
The variety is mid-season (about 120 days). The bush grows up to 0.6 m. The fruit changes color from black to bright red, resembles a truncated pyramid in shape. Pepper has a sweet taste with juicy pulp. The yield of this variety is surprising - about ten kilograms per square meter.
An amazingly beautiful plant! Low bush (45-50 cm) with green-purple leaves and flowers, compact. Fruits are small, only 7-8 cm in length, color from blue to purple and black, and when ripe, mother of pearl. Peppers grow in a peculiar way - with their tips up in the form of an elegant bouquet. Looks very nice in winter blanks. The variety is extremely productive (up to 8 kg / sq.m)
Reviews of varieties of black pepper
Elena Efremova, Vitebsk
All summer these unusually beautiful bushes cheered me up! In addition to the beauty of the "Gypsy Baron", the taste is also excellent. And how many were born. Enough for salads, and freezing, and pickling. And what a beauty it turned out in jars. Now I will always grow this variety.
Nelly Karpovna, Moscow region
I am very pleased with the Bagheera black pepper variety. No hassle outdoors. The most important thing is that the bush is not high, it is very convenient to handle. And the harvest is rich. Now I will plant him more.