Just planting a fruit tree is not enough. It is necessary to carry out regular monitoring and care of the plant, watering, digging and fertilizing the soil. Only through constant daily labor will it be possible to get the greatest harvest - large, ripe and juicy fruits. Therefore, here we will try to tell you and discover all the subtleties of what it is necessary to monitor and care for the fruit tree - quince.
Quince is a deciduous tree up to 4 m high, with a trunk width of up to 50 cm and with oblique branches rising up. This is a weak-growing, early-growing plant with annual productivity and a huge content of nutrients in the fruits. Thanks to this, quince has long been subjected to research and selection, and therefore, in our country you can often find a variety of varieties and hybrids aimed at high and high-quality crops.
Self-fertile varieties are of the greatest value.that do not need dusting by insects. They can be grown in single and single-grade plantations, but if other quince varieties are nearby and your tree lends itself to cross-pollination, the harvest will be much more serious.
Growing quince in the country
How to grow a quince tree in a summer cottage to get its magnificent fruits in bulk? What growing conditions must be provided to the plant so that it will please us with dense foliage and a good harvest? Specialists of country affairs answer to these questions, to whom we turned for consultation.
Before planting seedlings in the soil, the soil must be properly prepared. This requires mineral fertilizers - 15-20 g of potassium salt and 45-50 g of superphosphate per 1 m2 of planting. After fertilizing, the soil must be dug up on a bayonet and left in this condition for several days, easily watering it with water.
Further, preparation of pits for landing is required. They dig them with a depth of 35-40 cm and a diameter of 45-60 cm. A clay layer is laid on the bottom of the pit, especially if you are going to grow quince on sandy or sandy loam soil. Fertilizers well mixed with the earth are placed on the clay layer, about 1/3 of the remaining depth - 50 g of wood ash and 150 g of superphosphate.
In ready-made pits for planting, we set seedlings, fill them with soil and tamp the soil a little. After planting, plants need light watering, which will help fertilizers dissolve and stimulate the growth of a young tree.
It is most correct to plant quince on a site in the spring or autumn.
First of all, try to prevent weeds in the tree trunk circles that will pull nutrients from the soil, remove them in time, and loosen the soil a little to increase aeration.
Watering is done several times during the warm season, but do not forget to water the trees abundantly during the growing season and fruit set. When the fruits are full, watering can be stopped, since the plant should have enough natural moisture (unless, of course, the summer is not too sultry and arid).
Constantly remove weak, sluggish leaves and branches, dry and diseased shoots from the tree, remove frozen and dead branches in the spring, because they will not give any sense.
It will be much more correct to carry out a full pruning every spring, removing everything superfluous from the tree at that moment when the branches are not filled with juice. It is possible to prune in late autumn, preparing the plant for the winter period.
It is necessary not only to remove diseased and dry branches, but also to form the crown of the tree so that it is convenient for you to harvest. You definitely do not need the branches that go inside the crown or vertically upward, since the first ones will prevent the plant from developing normally, while the second you simply will not get.
Young trees require periodic top dressing, and most of all the root system of the plant needs the consumption of mineral fertilizers.
In the spring, when the quince is pruned and the first loosening of the soil in the tree trunk circles, up to 50 g of nitrophoska can be applied under each; in the autumn, after harvesting, 20 g of potassium salt and superphosphate per square meter of soil. Organic fertilizers are necessary for the plant a little less often, about once every two years, and they need to be applied after autumn processing and harvesting.
Preparing plants for winter
Preparing trees for the cold season is very important, because in severe frosts the tree can be damaged. Many quince varieties that are grown in our dachas are winter-hardy, but they may not survive the severe frosts. Protection from frost is quite simple - the trunks of young trees turn into roofing material at the end of October, and during snowfall, the trees spud with it.
The best “neighbors” quinces
Experts do not recommend planting sun-loving plants under quince, as the tree will greatly obscure them, and indeed, it is better to refrain from planting anything under the crown of our tree. But planting an apple or a pear near the quince planting will be very good, since related plants have the opportunity to act as pollinators, which is necessary for a better crop.
It is not recommended to plant silhouetted trees near the quince, which, having matured, will shade it with their crowns.
Diseases and Pests
Quince is considered a plant with a fairly strong immunity, but it is also not able to save itself from everything. The plant is affected by aphids and other small insects in the spring, for the destruction of which it is recommended to treat with chemicals and lime. The situation is slightly worse with the fruits, since their quality can ruin the subcutaneous spotting.
Varieties for growing in the country
Quince is considered a thermophilic plant, but many of its varieties are adapted to our weather conditions, when it is even too cold in autumn and winter. So, what varieties to plant in the country to get the expected result in terms of yield?
This variety has French roots, is famous for its early maturity, shows excellent results in crop quality. Angers quince gives smooth, apple-shaped fruits of bright yellow color with dense and slightly granular pulp in the center of the fruit. They can be used fresh and processed.
Ilmennaya quince is an excellent productive variety, bred by domestic breeders. Gives medium and small fruits of yellow color with sweet and sour, slightly granulated pulp. It can be used in any form.
Large-fruited quince with yellow apple-shaped fruits. Fruits are large and medium, sweet and sour and very fragrant, can be used in fresh and processed form.
Video about growing quince trees
Growing quince in the country is an interesting lesson that gives excellent results with proper agricultural technology.
It is not difficult to grow a quince tree on your own plot, as this is a strong and mostly unpretentious plant. Systematic care will be needed only at first, until the seedlings are stronger, then it is worth paying minimal attention to the tree, conducting rare watering, top dressing, pruning and preparing plants for the winter period.