Decorating a garden is a very enjoyable and creative endeavor. Finding a suitable plant with unusual flowers, decorative leaves and unpretentious care is the dream of many gardeners. Increasingly, unusual representatives of the Kamnelomkovy family are chosen for these purposes. One of these plants is Eroika's badan. This is a unique hybrid of cordifolia, which conquers with its bright flowering and beneficial properties.
Eroika does not require special care
Eroika is a fairly compact variety (the height of the bush does not exceed 30-40 cm). The leaves are rounded, with slightly wavy edges (outwardly reminiscent of the outline of a heart) and have a pleasant, glossy surface. They are painted in dark, saturated tones of green. The average length of each leaf is about 10 cm, and their distinguishing feature is the ability to change color with the arrival of cold weather (a gradual transition from green to purple).
Badan flowers Eroika have 5 petals and are shaped like a glass. In one inflorescence there can be about 120 small buds, colored in different tones of purple, red and white. Flowering begins in late April. The plant feels great in moderate shade, prefers light loams with neutral acidity.
For the stable growth and development of Badan Eroika, moderate watering without stagnant moisture is required, as well as correctly selected fertilizers
Attention! Badan Eroika has a beneficial effect on the human body: it fights inflammatory processes, kills microbes, narrows blood vessels and stops bleeding.
Badan cordifolia originally grew in Asia. Botanists became interested in this plant in the 18th century. Its scientific name - bergenia, comes from the surname of the German biologist Karl August von Bergen. Under natural conditions, badan grew in a temperate climate and consisted of 10 different species.
Only 5 of them are actively used in modern gardening. All of them have been actively studied by scientists, and breeders have bred a huge number of hybrids, a special place among which is the Eroika badan with its high resistance rates and fabulously beautiful flowers.
Badan Eroika is frost-resistant
When and how to sow
Sowing of Badan Eroika is started in late February or early March. For this, high-quality planting material is prepared in advance, as well as special containers (boxes, pots) and nutrient soil. You can cook it yourself or use a purchased soil mixture.
The container is filled with a substrate and small grooves are made 5 mm deep, and a distance of 3 cm is left between the rows. The soil is moistened from a spray bottle with warm water and the grooves are filled with seeds. Next, the containers are sealed with foil and placed in a warm and bright place. They are regularly ventilated and moistened as needed. In May, the sprouts dive.
Two weeks before the transplant, Badan Eroika begins to temper, gradually bringing the time spent outdoors up to a day
Outdoor planting and care
In regions with a mild climate, flower growers prefer to skip the diving stage and transfer the seedlings to open ground in June. This approach will only work if the seedlings of Eroik's berry are fully matured. Otherwise, fragile bushes may die.
Site selection and preparation
The best option is a shaded area with plenty of ambient light. In direct sunlight, Eroika's berry stops growing, and its leaves become covered with ugly brown spots that resemble burns.
Full shading of Eroika bergenia is also not suitable, since in this case it is very difficult for the inflorescences to form, and the petals will have a faded color. Wetlands and heavy soils should be avoided. The soil should be sufficiently loose and fertile. Previously, all weeds are removed on the site, they dig it up and thoroughly loosen the top layer of the soil.
For badan, choose a place with diffused light
This process will not take much time and effort.
Gardeners observe the following sequence of actions:
- Dig a planting hole with a diameter slightly larger than the volume of the root system.
- Good drainage is placed at the bottom (crushed brick or expanded clay).
- From above, the pit is covered with garden soil mixed in equal proportions with river sand and gravel.
- A seedling of Badan Eroik is placed in it, carefully covered with a mixture and compacted.
- After this, the plantings are watered with clean water, which has been previously settled for some time.
Watering and feeding
Badan Eroika needs periodic and not too abundant hydration. The first watering coincides with the period of bud formation, then the soil is irrigated during flowering, and also a couple of days after. This scheme is relevant provided that there is no rain. If there is a sufficient amount of precipitation, additional watering for Eroika badan is not required. To protect the roots and retain moisture in the soil, plants are mulched.
Attention! Organic and mineral fertilizers are applied in the spring (14 days after flowering) and autumn periods as top dressing for Eroika bergenia. Gardeners note a good result after using Kemira-Kombi.
Watering incense should not be too abundant
Diseases and pests
The most vulnerable spot of Eroik's badan is watering errors. At the slightest stagnation of moisture, fungi quickly develop. The lesion begins with the green mass of the plant: brown spots and a red border are formed on the upper leaves, and an unpleasant white bloom on the underside. All infected areas are immediately removed, and the cut sites are treated with chemicals.
Putrid processes are no less dangerous, as a result of which slobbering pennits and slugs appear on different parts of Eroik's berry. Also, a nematode is a danger. When it appears, the plant is completely dug up, the roots are treated with potassium permanganate and transplanted to a new place. The area where Eroika's badan grew earlier is carefully dug up and treated with chemicals.
Badana Eroik is often affected by slugs
Before the beginning of winter, the entire ground part of the plant is completely cut off. During the cold period, the badan Eroika grows back. Therefore, in the spring, re-pruning is carried out. With its help, the bush is given a compact and decorative look. It is important to get rid of old and dead leaves in time, which gradually turn yellow and then turn brown.
The only condition is that the leaf must separate itself; it is not recommended to tear off the still "living" foliage. The darkened dry leaves of Badan Eroika form a kind of carpet on the soil, which slows down the evaporation of moisture and protects the roots from overheating. This will make it easier for the plant to endure hot days.
Preparing for winter
Badan Eroika is generally frost-resistant. However, young specimens are sensitive to cold. Before freezing, the bushes of Eroika bergenia should be additionally covered with spruce branches, dry leaves, sphagnum moss or nonwovens. Strong adult plants do not need shelter in the middle lane.
In addition to growing from seeds, Eroika's badan is propagated in other ways:
- Cuttings. They choose specimens that are actively growing for 4-5 seasons. They should have healthy and strong shoots with an apical bud and a rosette. Eroik's berry leaves are almost completely eliminated. The rooting process takes only a few days. The cuttings can then be transferred to the garden, maintaining a distance of 40 cm between them. They require standard care.
- Division. For this purpose, the 4-year-old bushes of Eroika bergenia, which have managed to grow well, are suitable. New roots are usually found near the surface, so dividing them does not require much effort. Only those roots are separated that have root buds and several leaves. To do this, use a well-sharpened knife. Cutting points for disinfection must be treated with potassium permanganate or crushed activated carbon. Next, the delenki are transplanted into holes no more than 15 cm deep and watered.
Most often, the plant is propagated by division
Photo in landscape
Badan Eroika is highly decorative, therefore it is highly valued when arranging a garden. It is used to decorate mixboards, rockeries and alpine slides. This plant creates a romantic atmosphere near artificial reservoirs and fountains. It fits perfectly into gardens decorated in Chinese and Japanese styles, looks beautiful with ferns, irises, astilbe, geraniums and other plants.
The flower creates a romantic atmosphere
Badan Eroika is planted on the alpine slides
Badan Eroika decorate Japanese-style gardens
Badan Eroika immediately attracts everyone's attention. Its abundant small flowers in the form of tiny inverted glasses amaze with their generosity and pristine beauty. Compact bushes will be a real decoration for different parts of the garden. Badan Eroika is very responsive to care. A little effort is enough to create a truly favorable environment for it. In gratitude, he will bestow his delicate flowers and useful properties, will become a real long-liver in his beloved garden.