Advice

Red currant Alpha: description, planting and care


Alpha red currant is a successful result of the work of breeders. Unlike the "old" varieties, which have a number of disadvantages, this culture has become widespread among gardeners due to its characteristics.

Breeding history

The variety was obtained at the South Ural Research Institute of Fruit and Vegetable Growing. When creating it, the currants Chulkovskaya and Kaskad were used. V.S.Ilyin is recognized as the author of the culture. Since 2009, Alpha red currants have been put up for state variety testing.

Description of the red currant variety Alpha

An adult shrub reaches medium size in height, no more than 70-80 cm. The plant does not differ in large spreading of branches and dense foliage. Young shoots are straight, of medium thickness. Buds are medium-sized, brown in color, deviated from the branch to the side.

The leaves of the Alpha red currant are five-lobed, small. Their color is dark green. On one side, the leaves have a shiny and wrinkled surface similar to skin. The lobes are pointed, the middle one is larger than the lateral ones. The base of the leaf has a small notch, resembling a triangle in shape.

The petiole of the Alpha variety is long, medium thick, pinkish-green

The flowers are medium-sized, saucer-shaped in shape. The cushion is parapesticidal, poorly expressed. Sepal has a pale yellow color with a pink tint. It is closed in shape, slightly bent. The formed racemes are long and curved. Their axis is of medium thickness, it can be painted green or crimson. The petiole of the brushes is thin.

A distinctive feature of the Alpha variety is its very large berries. Each weight varies from 0.9 to 1.5 g. Fruits practically do not differ in size, have a rounded shape and light red color. The pulp inside the berries is the same shade as the skin, with an average amount of seeds.

The taste of red currant is sweet and sour, got 4.7 points according to the tasting rating

Important! The berries contain 4-10% sugar. The region of cultivation and adherence to the rules of agricultural technology affect the taste.

The harvested red currants can be sold in various directions: eaten fresh, make jam or jams from it. Delicious puddings and fruit soups with the addition of berries are obtained.

Characteristics

Alpha red currant belongs to varieties that bear fruit well with proper care. Studying the characteristics of a plant allows you to choose a place for it on the site and draw up a plan of agricultural technology.

Drought tolerance, winter hardiness

Alpha red currant tolerates low temperatures well. In adult shrubs, the root system grows deeply into the ground, which allows the culture to safely survive frosts down to -30 ° C.

But the drought resistance of the shrub is average, the lack of moisture negatively affects the yield of the variety.

Pollination, flowering period and ripening times

Alpha red currant is a self-fertile crop, therefore it does not need neighbors. This advantage allows a shade-tolerant and light-loving plant to be planted in an area far from other trees and shrubs.

The flowering of currants can be observed in early May.

Ripening periods are average, so the harvest begins in mid-July in the Central Region. Unlike early varieties, Alpha red currants start singing two weeks later.

Productivity and fruiting

The culture is not only large-fruited, but also abundantly fruiting. With proper care, the average yield is 7.2 t / ha. The maximum can be collected up to 16.4 t / ha.

Each shrub can produce between 1.8 and 4.1 kg annually. Long periods of drought, as well as excessive watering, neglect of fertilizing and the rules of agricultural technology, adversely affect the fruiting level of the Alpha red currant.

Disease and pest resistance

The cultivar is known for its strong immune system: it is resistant to powdery mildew, which often affects various red currant varieties.

Among the pests, aphids, goldweed, spider mites and glassworm are dangerous for the plant. To avoid an attack, it is enough to carry out prevention in a timely manner. To do this, it is recommended not to neglect the rules of agricultural technology, to plant nearby crops that repel pests.

Very quickly, the activity of a gall aphid can be suspected. As the insect multiplies, currant leaves swell and change color to reddish-brown. If you do not carry out medical measures, then new shoots do not grow, and the leaves fall off.

Such drugs as Biotlin and Fitoverm successfully fight against gall aphids on red currant Alfa

An obligatory stage of treatment is the breaking off of deformed leaves, and then their destruction.

A small beetle with a greenish-golden color of the shell is currant goldfish. The larvae of the pest damage the shoots, destroying their core. As a result of their activity, the branches dry up and die. If the beetle is not destroyed, then it will lay eggs, and next year the plant will suffer again from the larvae.

Sanitary pruning and spraying of the Alpha red currant bush with a 3% solution of karbofos are the main measures for the destruction of the pest

The spider mite feeds on young leaves and berries. To find it, it is enough to inspect the plant. Yellow and red spots appear on the underside of the surface. The pest entangles shoots with cobwebs.

Effective against mites acaricides: BI-58 and Fufanon

When pruning in spring, you can find a black dot in the core of the branch on the shoots. This is the result of the activity of the glass, whose larvae gnaw the tunnels in the shoots. Without treatment, the bush dies from a lack of nutrients.

Alpha red currant treatment is to remove the affected shoots

Among insecticides from the glass, a 0.3% solution of karbofos is effective.

Advantages and disadvantages

Alpha red currant is a high-yielding and large-fruited crop. The plant has a strong immune system.

Bushes of a variety of medium spreading, with straight shoots, which makes it easier to care for currants

Advantages:

  • self-fertility;
  • frost resistance;
  • dessert taste of berries.

Disadvantages:

  • medium drought resistance;
  • exactingness to the soil.

Features of planting and care

It is recommended to transfer the seedling to the open ground in the spring, in April-May. Autumn planting is also allowed, a month before frost. Alpha red currant bushes develop well in black earth, sandy loam or loamy soils. The soil should be fertile, with a neutral level of acidity.

Important! In a swampy, shaded and cold place, the shrub will not grow.

The optimal place for planting is a southern slope, well lit by the sun. On the north side, it needs to be sheltered from the wind. The Alpha redcurrant shrub grown in the shade will bear small and sour berries.

Landing Algorithm:

  1. Two weeks before the procedure, prepare a hole 40 cm deep and 50-60 cm in diameter.It is recommended to maintain a distance of 1-1.25 m between the bushes.
  2. Apply top dressing: compost, superphosphate, potassium sulfate and ash.
  3. On the day of planting, form a small mound at the bottom of the hole, place a seedling on it and spread its roots.
  4. Cover the Alpha red currant with earth and compact the soil mixture around its trunk.
  5. Pour 10 liters of water under each seedling.
  6. Mulch the trunk circle.

In order for the shrub to take root, at the end of planting, it is recommended to prune the branches, leaving shoots 10-15 cm long.

Variety care consists of watering, weeding and loosening. Prevention against pests is an obligatory stage of agricultural technology.

In order for the bush to bear fruit abundantly and safely endure winter frosts, it is necessary to prune in the spring and autumn

In addition to sanitary and formative pruning, Alpha red currants need additional feeding. Urea or ammonium nitrate should be used as fertilizers. Complex preparations are also suitable.

Important! Red currant reacts poorly to excess chlorine, so it should not be added to the soil around the plant.

Conclusion

Alpha red currant is a large-fruited and frost-resistant variety. The plant is light-requiring, does not like lack of moisture. The shrub bears fruit abundantly annually with proper care.

Reviews with a photo about the red currant variety Alpha

Klimova Irina Evgenievna, 37 years old, Ryazan

Red currant Alpha lives up to its name: large-fruited, sweet. When picking berries, they do not crumble, they are well suited for jam and compotes. The shrub is compact, with proper pruning, it not only pleases with the harvest, but also decorates the garden in spring and summer.

Ignatieva Kristina Sergeevna, 41 years old, Lyubertsy

When choosing a variety, I focused on frost resistance and yield. There was a desire to acquire an unpretentious, but abundantly fruiting plant. Red currant Alpha lives up to its characteristics with proper care. The shrub planted under the southern window is beautiful, the berries on it are large and sweet. A seedling placed in the back of the garden is often sick and grows poorly. Neither feeding nor pruning helps.


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