Nasturtium is very popular with amateur gardeners. It grows and blooms on rather poor soils, and on the soils rich in organic matter a huge green mass develops to the detriment of flowering. This is an annual plant, its thick succulent stems reach a length of 2-3 m. There are also bush varieties of 25-30 cm.
The leaves of the flowers are rounded and look like a shield, shiny, covered with a waxy coating, bright green. The flowers are large up to 5 cm in diameter. Coloring can be cream, salmon, yellow, red, pink, cherry.
When choosing species and varieties for planting in a summer cottage, you should carefully study their differences.
The plant is an annual and is a pretty flowering bush, which is ideal for landscaping. It is used for vases and balconies, is involved in decorating the territory in borders and mixborders.
An annual plant, with the help of which the formation of hedges or standard vertical gardening occurs, for example, a flower is planted along balconies, arbors, fences and walls.
A nice plant that also participates in vertical gardening. Suitable for decorating residential buildings - terraces, balconies, walls.
An annual that is often used to decorate a summer cottage. In this case, the flower can serve as a landscaper veranda, home, balcony and so on.
A beautiful perennial plant that is grown in pots (at home) and in flower beds (garden floriculture).
If you want to grow beautiful greens and bright flowers, and not a mixture of plants that just messed up with each other and started to fade, strict adherence to agricultural technology is necessary.
Properly caring for the plant and taking the necessary steps, you will achieve excellent results, both in the country and at home.
The plant is photophilous and thermophilic, and therefore it is worth forgetting about partial shade and silence of the shady garden, because the place of nasturtium is in the flowerbed, near the territory fence, in landscape decoration or even single plantings.
Try to plant a flower in places that are well protected from drafts, because almost all plants are bad for the cold wind.
Most suitable soil
The flower prefers moderate soil, both in moisture and in nutrients. As we mentioned above, the plant is gaining green mass on well-groomed soil, but shows poor flowering, so this is up to you to decide.
It is not necessary to fertilize nasturtium with fresh organic matter, since the plant can burn out, but it is simply necessary to add mineral fertilizers to the soil, since it reacts to such substances by abundant flowering.
Use of nasturtium
Watering a plant
Watering should be systematic, but very moderate, which is most important for young plantings. During flowering, nasturtium is watered only on the driest days, while in the standard warm season, watering can be stopped altogether.
How to prolong flowering?
It must be understood that constant abundant watering can lead to decay of the plant, especially on heavy soils. Therefore, it is worth observing the timeliness of irrigation, but do not forget to trim. Removing weak branches and faded buds will significantly extend flowering.
Transplantation and reproduction
How to transplant nasturtium?
Our plant is considered quite tender, and therefore its transplant requires special attention. The superficial root system is very sensitive to all sorts of disturbances, and therefore the transplant takes place together with an earthen lump, which cannot be disturbed.
After the transplant, the plant must adapt, but this takes time. Do not get upset if the nasturtium looks lethargic at first, you just need to continue regular watering and wait.
Propagation of nasturtium can be carried out by seed or by growing seedlings. If you want to plant flowers on a plot already in the form of seedlings, then the initial stage of cultivation will be the distribution of seeds in peat cups, 2-3 for each. Already after 10-14 days you will notice seedlings that can be transplanted into the open ground in early June. It is required to plant a flower with an earthen lump or together with a glass.
Propagate the flower with seeds.
You can try growing nasturtium seeds, which is not difficult. Seeds are prepared in water or a special nutrient solution, and planted on a warm platform after night frosts in spring have ended. A few seeds per hole a couple of centimeters deep will be enough to get the plants in 2 weeks.
Propagation by cuttings
Propagation of nasturtium by cuttings is used extremely rarely and, mainly, for new varieties. The rooting of young cuttings, the plant occurs in water or wet sand, then the cuttings can be planted directly in the open ground, avoiding the school.
- Landing occurs only in warmed ground and only with an earthen lump.
- Early flowering can be achieved if you use the seedling method of cultivation.
- Excessive organic fertilizer promotes abundant green mass, proper fertilizer with minerals ensures long-term flowering.
- If nasturtiums are created under favorable conditions, she herself will shed seeds that are able to winter in the soil and give young plants next spring.
- Seed germination persists for 4 years.
Nasturtium can be safely called an unpretentious flower, but if the plant is provided with proper care, it will look much more beautiful than an abandoned wild specimen in a summer cottage.
Growing nasturtium in the country
Growing nasturtium in the country is a good way to change the landscape and enjoy the beauty of the plant.