Photos and descriptions of winged spindle tree will allow you to find the most suitable variety for cultivation. The shrub has a bright color of foliage, undemanding to soil and care.
Description of winged spindle tree
Winged euonymus in Latin sounds like "Eunomus Alatus". This is a representative of the Euonymus family. In nature, the plant is found in the Far East, China and Japan. Its habitat: mixed forests, highlands, meadows, river valleys. The shrub was first studied and described by Japanese scientists.
Euonymus is a deciduous shrub. Shoots are green, erect or creeping. The plant got its name due to the tetrahedral branches with horizontal outgrowths resembling wings.
The leaves are small, dark green elliptical, 2 to 7 cm long and 1 to 3 cm wide. The leaf blade is shiny, dense, without pubescence. In May-June, small flowers bloom, which are invisible against the background of green foliage. At the end of summer, bright crimson fruits are formed in the form of bolls.
Important! The fruits of the bush are poisonous; if ingested, they cause poisoning.
In autumn, the leaves change color to crimson, orange or purple. The color depends on the variety and place of cultivation. The foliage is brightest when exposed to the sun. In the shade, the color becomes muted.
Winged euonymus is shown in the photo:
Height of winged spindle tree
The dimensions of the winged euonymus depend on the variety. Under natural conditions, the shrub grows up to 3–4 m. On personal plots, it reaches 2–2.5 m. It is characterized by a weak growth force. Over the year, the size of the shrub increases by 10-15 cm.
Winter hardiness of winged spindle tree
The frost resistance of the winged euonymus is high. It can withstand up to -34 ° C. The shrub is suitable for growing in the middle lane, as well as in the northern and mountainous regions. Autumn preparation helps to increase its frost resistance.
Important! Branches freeze during severe winters.
Winged spindle tree in landscape design
Euonymus is used in single and group plantings. The shrub helps create a hedge. For a solitary planting, more free space is allocated under it. Low-growing plants are planted nearby. In autumn, a bright bush looks spectacular against the background of the lawn.
The winged euonymus looks good next to other trees and ornamental shrubs. It is combined with conifers, jasmine, viburnum, wild rose, broom, barberry.
The shrub is suitable for decorating personal plots, recreation areas, alleys and parks. The varieties tolerate gas pollution and pollution of cities. You can plant a shrub next to a pond, fountain, terrace, gazebo.
Winged euonymus varieties (Euonymus Alatus)
There are several varieties of this species. All of them differ in the size of the bush, the color of the leaves and fruits.
Winged Euonymus Compactus
According to the description, the winged euonymus Compactus reaches a height of 1.5 m, in a girth - 2 m. The crown is of the correct shape, thickened, openwork at the edges. In summer, the leaves are bright green, in autumn they turn reddish-purple. The leaf plate is round, 3-5 cm long.
Small flowers bloom in May-June. They are yellow-green in color and are hardly noticeable against the background of green leaves. In autumn, orange-red fruits ripen, which hang on the branches until the onset of winter.
Winged euonymus Compactus in the garden is planted in a sunny place. In the shade, decorative properties are significantly reduced. The variety needs frequent watering.
Winged Euonymus Chicago Fire
The Chicago fire variety grows up to 1.2 m in height. The width of the shrub is 1.5 m. The crown is round, the shoots are horizontal. Leaves are simple, elliptical. In summer, the color is dark green. In autumn, winged euonymus changes color to bright crimson. The flowers are inconspicuous, appear in May, do not stand out against the background of foliage. Fruits, 8 mm long, ripen in a dark red shell.
The Chicago Fire variety grows well in shady and sunny places. It is unpretentious to the composition of the soil, the main requirement is fertility. Growth rates are moderate. The variety has high frost resistance, but freezes in severe winters.
Winged spindle fireball
Winged euonymus shrub of the Fireball variety is a deciduous shrub with a spherical crown. The plant is thickened and compact. The variety grows slowly. Shoots are ribbed, hard, with cork outgrowths. In the middle lane it grows up to 1.5 m in height. It reaches 1.5 m in girth. It grows 5–10 cm per year.
The leaves are green, elliptical, lighter on the underside. The length of the leaf plate is 2–5 cm. In autumn, the leaves turn red with purple and purple tints. In the shade, they are mauve.
The flowers are inconspicuous, green-yellow, collected in umbrellas of 3 pcs. Abundant flowering occurs in late May - early June. Fruits are orange-red, in capsules.
Important! The Fireball variety is frost-resistant, tolerates urban conditions well.
The shrub prefers fertile soils of moderate moisture. In spring and autumn, pest control is required. The plant is planted in the light, but partial shade is also allowed.
Winged spindle tree Macrophilis
The euonymus of the Makrofilis variety is a deciduous shrub up to 1.5 m high and 1.2 m in diameter. Shoot growth is moderate. The flowers are small and inconspicuous, almost invisible.
The Macrophilis variety differs from other varieties in its elongated leaves. In summer they are dark green, while in autumn they take on a carmine color. Fruits are orange-red, ripen in capsules.
The winged euonymus tree prefers sunny places, but it is planted in partial shade. With a lack of lighting, the color becomes less bright. The Macrophilis variety requires fertile soil and moderate watering.
Planting and caring for winged euonymus
For the successful cultivation of euonymus, planting rules are observed. Provide regular grooming throughout the season.
Alatus euonymus is planted in early spring or late autumn. For him, choose a sunny area or light partial shade. The soil should be light and fertile. Sour soil is lime before planting. Since the bush grows over time, it is removed from buildings and other crops by 3-4 m.
The order of planting euonymus:
- A hole 60 cm deep and 80 cm in diameter is dug under the seedling.
- A drainage layer of broken brick or expanded clay is poured onto the bottom.
- The pit is filled with a mixture of black soil and compost and left for 3 weeks to shrink.
- The seedling is placed in a hole, the root collar is placed at ground level.
- The roots are covered with soil, compacted and watered abundantly.
Watering and feeding
The main care for winged euonymus includes watering and feeding. The shrub prefers a soil of moderate moisture. Stagnation of moisture, as well as drying out of the soil, are unacceptable. To reduce the number of watering, the trunk circle is mulched with humus or peat.
Important! After rain or moisture, the soil is loosened so that the roots of the tree can better absorb nutrients.
The shrub is fed throughout the season. In early spring, organic matter containing nitrogen is introduced: infusion of bird droppings or mullein. Top dressing stimulates the growth of new shoots and leaves. In the summer, they switch to fertilizing with complex fertilizers. Any preparation for ornamental shrubs is suitable for this. Such complexes contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
In late autumn, mineral fat is introduced into the soil. For 1 sq. m requires 500 g of superphosphate and 400 g of potassium sulfate. Substances are embedded in the ground to a depth of 10 cm. Instead of mineral fertilizers, you can use compost and wood ash.
Pruning winged spindle tree
By pruning, the shape of the shrub is corrected. Usually they try to get a conical or elliptical crown. Processing is carried out in early spring or autumn, when leaves fall. Sanitary pruning is performed annually. The bush is examined and broken, dry and frozen branches are cut out.
Preparing winged spindle tree for winter
Autumn preparation will help the shrub to survive the winter frosts. First, the euonymus is watered abundantly. Wet soil freezes more slowly and becomes protection from cold weather. Then a layer of humus or peat mulch is poured into the trunk circle.
Young plantings need more careful shelter. Above them, a frame and wooden planks or metal arcs are built. Covering material is attached to the base. It is best to use spunbond or agrofiber, which is breathable. Seedlings are often cut out under polyethylene. The shelter is removed when the snow begins to melt and the air warms up.
Reproduction of winged spindle tree
Spindle reproduction methods:
- Layers. In the spring, a strong and healthy shoot is chosen. It is bent to the ground, fastened with metal staples and sprinkled with earth. The whole season the layers are looked after: watered and fed. In autumn, the shoot is separated from the main bush and planted in a new place.
- By dividing the bush. Euonymus has branched powerful roots. This method is convenient when transplanting a bush. The root system is divided into parts, the cuts are sprinkled with charcoal. The resulting seedlings are transferred to a new place.
- Cuttings. In early spring, cuttings 10–12 cm long are cut. They are placed in water, where a root formation stimulator is added. Then cuttings are planted in a greenhouse or containers with fertile soil. In the fall, the seedlings are ready for planting in the ground.
- Seeds. The most difficult and time consuming way. The seeds are stratified and soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. Even in this case, the probability of emergence of seedlings is quite low. The sprouts are kept at home, they are provided with watering and feeding. For 3 years, the seedlings are transferred to open ground.
Diseases and pests
Euonymus is susceptible to powdery mildew. The disease manifests itself as a white coating on the leaves. To combat the defeat, Bordeaux liquid or copper oxychloride is used. The shrub is sprayed in dry, cloudy weather. If necessary, the treatment is repeated after a week.
The shrub can be attacked by aphids, caterpillars and spider mites. Insects feed on plant juices. As a result, the development of euonymus slows down, leaves curl and fall prematurely. Fitoverm and Confidor preparations are effective against pests. Spraying is carried out every 10 days.
For the prevention of diseases and pests, it is important to observe agricultural practices. In the fall, they dig up the soil and remove the fallen leaves.
Reviews about winged euonymus
Kovalskaya Lyudmila Petrovna, 48 years old, Moscow region
I have been looking for a beautiful ornamental shrub for my garden for a long time. According to reviews, I chose the winged Chicago Fire euonymus and did not regret it at all. The bush has become a real decoration for the garden. The variety is unpretentious to the soil, does not get sick, tolerates pruning well. The main disadvantage is the delayed variety. Therefore, I do not recommend growing it from seeds, it is better to purchase a seedling. My bush grows in a sunny area, so in the fall it pleases with bright colors.
Orlova Valeria Stepanovna, 26 years old, Nizhny Novgorod
At relatives in the country I saw a beautiful bush with bright crimson leaves. It turned out that this is an euonymus of the Macrofilis variety. I took home a couple of cuttings, which I planted near the house after rooting. In the first year, the tree has grown by 30 cm. Now its height is almost human growth. The plant is completely non-capricious, while it has a wonderful decorative appearance. I take care of the shrubs to a minimum: in the fall and summer I feed them with mineral fertilizers.
Photos and descriptions of winged spindle tree will help you choose a variety that is suitable for each garden. The shrub tolerates cold winters and is unpretentious to weather conditions. To maintain growth, he is provided with care: watering, feeding and pruning.