Questions and answers

How to make a compost heap


Guys, tell us about the compost heaps, here we throw grass there, do we need to sprinkle it on the ground? How long will it be possible to use it? How to make the sawdust rot, we have several bags, what can be done with them? It seems like they mulch the beds, how? Just sprinkle on top or need to rot? In general, tell me in detail

Answers:

Sawdust just sprinkled the ground on top. I tried to mulch with them strawberries and cabbage - excellent if there are no strong winds. And sawdust should lie down for a year, otherwise acidify the soil. I also tried to store carrots and beets in a bag with sawdust in the cellar, at the same time I tried in the sand. The sawdust is better preserved. Sawdust - carbon, grass (greens) - nitrogen. In compost, carbon and nitrogen should be in a certain ratio, according to organic farmers - 11 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen. Previously, she also made compost heaps, but she left this practice, since most of the benefit of compost goes to the place where it lies (I read articles by Kuznetsov). Ideally, kitchen vegetable waste should be applied directly to the beds, covered with mulch on top, because it is important that they are thinned (by no means rot) under fertilized plants, then they will be of great use, and much less than ready-made compost. I make kitchen waste under currant bushes, raspberries, under trees, covering with straw, and fertilize the beds with mowed, dried grass, straw of mowed siderates. A thick layer of grass goes into the ground for about a month. At the same time, both mulch and fertilizer.

thanks for your answer, well painted, and with newspapers tried to cover the beds? Is there any benefit from them?

not at all. I tried to grow artichokes on virgin soil, took off the sod to plant seedlings, and tried to mulch newspapers around, but it was inconvenient, because then you have to water it in the hole (newspapers almost do not let water pass), and weeds still make their way into the slot. But the newspapers have another use: they could not get the mallow near the house. So this section mowed down, covered with newspapers, and sprinkled on top with a layer of earth, so as not to fly apart - it turned out. The black film is also suitable for this, but if it is laid in one layer, wheat grass and horsetail are pierced through and through. But the newspapers did not break.

thank you very much

Sawdust rot for 300 years, they can not be used for mulching.

not even all plastic needs 200 years, and you say, sawdust (organic) 300 years decompose. Mine decomposed a long time ago, I sprinkle new ones, and not even two years have passed since the mulching. Where did you get such a terrible figure?

Galina Kizima advises newspapers to mulch tomatoes, (late blight does not pass through them from the ground). But her planting is peculiar, she grows them without watering, pours a lot of water during planting and closes it from above.

Her working scheme - I’ve been planting for three years

and if there is no rain at all, will they last? Or is it in her greenhouse? I tried not to water in the open ground (not according to the Kizima method, I read the recommendation in one magazine), but for three months we did not have rains (from late April to late July). She mulched simply dried grass, not newspapers. When planting watered abundantly. But in July, the leaves were spinning strongly, and the tomatoes with top rot. I think this is because of the drought, nutrients are no longer absorbed. When I started to water, the leaves straightened and the new ovaries were clean. A lot of crops are gone.

Yes, this method is for the greenhouse. And really watered only when landing, but a lot like Kizima writes. They didn’t hurt anything, but all the same, just in case, they treated them with phytosporin. I tried and watered for the next years - I did not see the difference