Rose Maria Theresia is one of the latest achievements of breeders. A relatively new variety with improved properties can become the main element of a flower bed. The plant is beautiful, lush, gives a sensitive and delicate accent to the area. It has earned many positive reviews and is very popular with gardeners and landscape designers.
Rose "Maria Theresia" (Maria Theresia) belongs to the Floribunda group, bred by German scientists in Germany in 2003 by crossing the hybrid tea and polyanthus species. Initially, the variety became widespread in Asia and Europe. It appeared on the territory of Russia 13 years ago.
"Maria Theresa" is beautiful in group plantings, combined with cereals, gives an accent to the garden plot
Description of the rose variety Maria Theresa and characteristics
Maria Teresa is a rose characterized by a long budding period. It starts from the first summer days and lasts until mid-autumn (early October). All this time, its lush peony-shaped buds are almost continuously replaced, the opened flowers fall off within 10 days. Bushes "Maria Teresa" are branched, nostalgic in shape, with cupped buds of a pale pink hue and with lighter stripes along the edges. The declared height of a rose is 80-100 cm, but, according to gardeners, it can often reach 130 cm and requires regular pruning. It grows in width by half a meter. The foliage of "Maria" is shiny, dark green in color. The flowers are lined, rounded, slightly pointed in shape, divided into four parts. In appearance, the buds resemble peonies, only their diameter is slightly smaller - 8 cm. Flowers appear on dense clusters, 4-5 pieces per inflorescence, open gradually, exude an unobtrusive pleasant aroma. Each bud consists of a large number of petals, which can be up to 70. On young bushes, due to the severity of their own weight, they can sink to the ground, so that this does not happen, 2-3 peduncles should be left on the brushes. In the cut state, the bouquet from "Maria Teresa" looks elegant and elegant, it can stand in water for up to 10 days.
A distinctive feature of the rose - increased resistance to rain
This type of rose is perennial, capable of growing in one flower bed without transplanting for 3 years. Prefers high lighted areas, without stagnant groundwater with neutral or slightly acidic soil. It is not allowed to plant a crop in a draft, but at the same time, the planting site must be ventilated. The plant is not afraid of such common diseases as black spot and powdery mildew, but it can be susceptible to attacks by some pests.
"Maria Theresia" is a heat-resistant rose, however, with strong heat, the buds can change shape, and frost-resistant, calmly withstands temperatures down to -23.3 ° C. Best suited for cultivation in climatic zones 6 and 9. In Russian regions, the variety is bred in the southern regions. In the middle lane and Siberia, "Maria Theresia" can only grow with a good winter shelter. To prepare a rose for frost, you need to start at a temperature of -7 degrees and below. First, it is advisable to mulch the bush (sawdust, peat), then sprinkle it, sprinkle it with earth or cover it with spruce branches. The shelter should be at least 20 cm higher than the bush. It is best to secure it with wire.
Advantages and disadvantages of rose Maria Teresa
Rose "Maria Theresia" floribunda is very popular due to a number of advantages:
- long and abundant flowering;
- good resistance to frost and heat;
- high resistance to fungal infections;
- immunity to excess moisture and rainy weather.
Of the shortcomings of the variety, the following are most often distinguished:
- too tall bushes (up to 130 cm);
- deformed branches;
- long shedding of the bud after flowering.
Rose "Maria Theresa" is propagated in the traditional way - by cuttings. Most often it is carried out in the spring or summer, but if necessary, cuttings can be cut in the fall. To do this, you should choose green healthy shoots no more than 5 mm thick, about 15 cm high, with 3 or more buds. It is recommended to cut at an angle of 45o. After harvesting the cuttings for several days, it is advisable to place them in a stimulating solution. Further, the shoots of "Theresa" are planted in the holes, observing an interval of 25 cm between them and covered with a film. After a month, you can begin to gradually harden the shoots; over time, it is recommended to remove the film.
Important! Rose cuttings should be periodically fed, ventilated and watered.
Young shoots of "Maria Theresa" develop and take root up to two years
Growing and care
Rose "Maria Theresia" (Mariatheresia) floribunda has some requirements for growing conditions. She loves light, grows poorly in constant shadow. It feels best in ventilated areas where the air dries out the foliage from raindrops or dew. But at the same time, the plant is afraid of cold wind and draft.
In order for the flowering of "Maria Theresia" to be abundant, and the bush does not grow much, it must be cut off. The crop needs daily watering, as well as weed removal and fertilization. It is advisable to carry out top dressing three times per season: in the spring, in the middle and at the end of summer. Before wintering, it is recommended to cover the floribunda with peat and cover it.
Before planting a rose, you should determine the acidity of the soil and take care of its drainage. The hole for the bush is prepared so that its root system can freely sit in it (at least half a meter). The soil mixture should be collected from peat, sand, fertile soil and manure. It is advisable to plant the Maria Theresia variety in May, when the ground is fully warmed up.
Attention! Do not allow water to stagnate in the holes after watering.
Timely pruning of a rose is necessary for the formation of buds on the shoots of the current season.
Pests and diseases
Maria Theresia is a rose variety that is considered resistant to major diseases, but requires periodic preventive maintenance. To surely exclude the appearance of fungi and microbes, the bushes should be sprayed with fungicides, copper sulfate or Bordeaux liquid about three times a year. Also, for the premature prevention of diseases, some gardeners use infusions of tobacco, garlic or onions. In addition, it is imperative to prune old and dry shoots, collect fallen leaves.
The most dangerous pest for a rose is considered to be green aphid, which most often appears in cold and rainy summers. Also, a weevil, a spider mite and a slobbering penny can attack the plant. But if you notice insects in time and carry out processing, then with the rose "Maria Theresia" everything will be all right.
Application in landscape design
This rose variety was created for group plantings and is widely used in garden landscape design. Bushes look luxurious in front gardens, as part of flower arrangements, on borders. A well-kept hedge looks perfect from a floribunda. It can be grown in containers. "Maria Theresia" looks gorgeous in combination with cereal herbs, such as: Chinese miscanthus, maned barley, gray fescue. Suitable for a rock garden, used as a central figure in a flower bed. It perfectly shows its decorative properties when cut, and can decorate the interior for a long time.
It is not recommended to plant "Maria Theresa" too close to trees and shrubs, otherwise the plants will oppress each other and the flowering of the rose may stop.
Attention! Before choosing a place for a bush, you need to calculate its growth and take into account the distance to the nearest large crops.
As an exception, the Maria Theresia rose can be planted as a stand-alone plant.
Rose Maria Theresia has become widespread among flower growers due to its many positive characteristics. The variety is resistant to diseases, not particularly whimsical in care, is able to successfully endure frosts down to -25 degrees. But its main advantage is the luxurious appearance of the buds, beautiful color and pleasant aroma. In addition, the rose retains its attractiveness in the bouquet for a very long time.
Reviews for the rose Maria Theresa
Marina Agafonova, 28 years old, Engels
I have been doing flowers recently, so before planting the Maria Theresia rose, I read the photo, description and reviews about the culture. The variety seemed very promising, the buds are chic, large, with an interesting shape. A distinctive feature of the plant is that it is resistant to many diseases. For 3 years of cultivation, there were no problems with this rose. I was pleased with the purchase.
Ekaterina Meleshina, 43 years old, Rostov-on-Don
Maria Theresia is one of the favorite varieties of hybrid tea roses. Its buds are incredibly beautiful, lush, with a huge number of petals. Look great in cut, stand in a vase for more than a week. The variety is resistant to frost, it feels great in our climate.
Daniil Fedotkin, 52 years old, Krasnodar
Rose "Maria Theresa" looks attractive on the bushes, does not require much care. The only drawback is that, because of the large buds, its stems bend down, you have to cut off some of the flowers. If you grow "Maria" according to the rules, watering, pruning and periodically feeding, then its flowering will be long and continuous.