The stone rose, which has another name - young, belongs to the succulent plants of the Tolstyankov family. By the shape and arrangement of its leaves, it resembles a blooming green rose that grows directly from the ground. The people often call such a plant "tenacious", as this hardy and vigorous flower can grow even on stones and can tolerate any weather conditions. Due to its unusual and spectacular appearance, the plant is often used in landscape design to decorate alpine slides, paths and garden plots.
Description of a stone rose
In nature, juveniles can be found in Eastern and Southern Europe, Asia Minor, as well as in eastern Russia and the North Caucasus. His favorite place of growth is mountainous terrain, pine forests and rocky areas with sandy soil.
This unusual flower belongs to perennials. It has thick and juicy foliage of light green color, which forms round rosettes with a diameter of two to fifteen centimeters. The leaves of a stone rose are elongated, with a sharp tip and small serrations at the edges. The plant has long shoots on the sides, on which there are small buds of young leaves. The stems are straight and covered with a hard cannon.
Young growth begins to bloom in the summer, in the third year of life. Flowers can have the most diverse color depending on the plant variety: purple, red, yellow, white, pink. Flowering begins in July and lasts 1.5 months. After that, a stone rose usually dies, but leaves behind a lot of young plants.
Varieties of exotic flower
More than 700 species of this culture are known in the world, about fifty of them grow in Russia. Among these plants, a lot of hybrids are almost indistinguishable from each other. Flowers can have a different color and shape depending on the time of year and the conditions in which they have to grow.
The following plants can be attributed to the popular varieties of stone roses:
- Roofing. The most common type of young. In the wild, it can be found in Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa. This plant is sometimes used to decorate the roofs of private houses. Rosettes of the flower have the shape of a ball and in cross section can reach from 8 to 16 cm. The leaves are juicy and dense, elongated, brown-red in the upper part. The plant begins to bloom in early August, pink-red inflorescences, which are located on long peduncles.
- Russian. This species grows in Asia Minor, as well as the steppes and forests of our homeland. The leaves have a light green color and an oval shape with a sharp point at the end. Rosettes can reach a diameter of 6-7 cm. Flowering begins in the summer and lasts for 1 month. At this time, small yellow buds appear on the plant.
- Wulfen. This variety is often found in the Alps, as this flower prefers the rocky and mountainous regions of Europe. Green leaves are painted in a light red hue at their base and form small rosettes, about 4-5 cm in diameter. The shoots are quite stiff and long. In summer, yellow-burgundy buds appear on peduncles.
- Cobwebby. It grows in large quantities in the mountains of Europe, as well as in the North Caucasus. The plant got its name due to the presence of fluff on the leaves, which strongly resembles a cobweb. Small outlets have a round shape, in the summer they are green, and closer to autumn they acquire a burgundy hue and are covered with fluffy threads. In July, bright red inflorescences form on the peduncles, which delight the eye with their beauty for a month.
- Marble. The leaves of this succulent are colored with pink and green stains with a white border around the edges. With the onset of winter, some plant varieties turn completely red. In a young rose, the foliage is covered with a light fluff, and in an adult flower, it has a smooth surface.
- Dwarf or Petite. Such a young - a very small plant. The diameter of its rosettes does not exceed 3 cm. The leaves are pointed, pinkish-green in color. The plant blooms with dark red buds with a purple hue. His favorite place of growth is the rocky mountains of the Caucasus and the Alps.
- Spherical. This flower is found in the mountainous regions of the Caucasus and Turkey. Its leaves have a light green hue, with red tips. The rosettes of the plant are small, about 5 cm in cross section. Flowering continues from July to August, at which time yellow buds bloom on a spherical young.
- Calcareous. Very effective grade of a stone rose. The flower has thin, pointed leaves of green-blue color with dark brown ends. The plant blooms in mid-summer, with beautiful inflorescences of a light pink hue.
- Runaway or Scion. Such a variety of young growth is widespread in the pine forests of Europe and Russia. Small rosettes have a spherical shape and a size of 4-5 cm. The leaves are fleshy and resilient, green in color with sharp ends. The plant blooms from July to August, greenish-yellow flowers.
- Mountain. Rosettes of the plant are small in size (about 3 cm) and light green in color. His flowers are lush and delicate, painted in pink and arranged in small groups. Succulents of this species are often found in forests of Eastern and Western Europe.
- Caucasian. The foliage of this flower is painted in bright green with dark tips. The flowering period begins in mid-summer, at which time violet-red inflorescences appear on the plant. Such a young cultivar grows well in the mountains of the North Caucasus, on soil dotted with stones.
In natural conditions and on the garden plot, young growth is able to grow rapidly, covering large areas of the earth with flowering carpet. Therefore, many flower growers gladly grow this plant for decorative purposes, in addition, the flower is quite unpretentious and it is absolutely simple and pleasant to take care of it.
Outdoor planting and care
Due to its spectacular appearance, such a plant will undoubtedly be an ornament of flower beds, paths and lawns in your garden. Since the flower does not require complicated care and has a small root system, it can be planted in inaccessible and unusual places. It can be small spaces between stones, narrow gaps between sculptural compositions, wide vases, pots and even old shoes. Let us consider in more detail the features of a stone rose, planting and care for it.
Site selection and soil preparation
Youngsters are very good at adapting to weather changes. The plant can endure summer heat and severe frosts in the winter. But in order for him to be comfortable and cozy in your garden, it is best to choose the most illuminated place on the site for the flower. It should be borne in mind that a rose grown in the bright sun will have a small size and a rich shade of leaves, and in the shade the plant will be larger, but rather pale. Therefore, it is not recommended to plant it near shrubs and trees, since the shadow from them can hide the succulent from the sun.
In natural conditions, young growth prefers to grow on the mountain slopes, covered with stones, in soil containing a large percentage of clay and sand. To create similar conditions, this flower must be planted in light and sandy soil and be sure to provide good drainage. For this, small pebbles, expanded clay or small gravel may be suitable. Before planting fertilizers in the ground do not need to be added, since an acidic environment can adversely affect the growth of the plant.
Planting roses on a garden plot should be carried out in the spring and summer, so that the plant has time to take root in a new place and is ready for the cold weather. First you need to prepare the soil: well loosen, clean from weeds and dilute with sand or small pebbles. Then make small holes in it, where seedlings will be planted. You can plant the seeds of the plant, but then it will grow very slowly.
The distance between the outlets should be about 20 cm, so that subsequently young shoots can grow freely. If you decide to plant a dwarf juvenile, then it is better to leave a space of 5-7 cm between the flowers. Young plants should be placed shallow in the holes together with a lump of earth on the roots, then gently fill it with earth and lightly tamp. After this, seedlings must be watered.
Plant Care Rules
Despite the peculiar and unusual appearance of the flower, caring for it is quite simple and will not take much effort and time. But in order for the plant to quickly develop and feel comfortable, caring for it, you must adhere to the following rules:
- Succulents rarely need to be watered, since waterlogging of the soil will lead to rotting of the roots. In the summer, once every 7 days is enough, and in winter only as needed. It is very important to ensure that water does not get inside the outlets, because this can lead to decay of the leaves, especially with the onset of cool days. To avoid negative consequences, water should be poured near the plant, its roots in any case absorb the necessary amount of moisture.
- Be sure to periodically clear the soil of weeds around the flowers. Weed grass can prevent the plant from growing, so you need to free place for young roses. This should be done regularly and carefully, being careful not to damage the small outlets.
- It is not required to feed the plant, since an excess of nutrients can affect the color and growth of the young, and also badly affect his health. Fertilizing in the soil is possible only 3-4 years after planting. For this, special mixtures for feeding cacti are suitable.
- Humidity for a flower it does not matter. Therefore, he does not need spraying, and in the hot season it can even do harm, since drops of water can burn the leaves of the succulent. Wipe the leaves is also not recommended, as they are covered with a special film that protects them.
- Thaw is a frost-resistant plant and can perfectly winter under a snow cover. But it is best to cover the flower in the cold period, especially if it was planted recently and did not have time to grow strong. To do this, you can use autumn foliage and coniferous branches.
Transplanting an unusual flower is not recommended, since it does not tolerate this process. But if necessary, you can carefully dig a plant out of moist soil and with a lump of earth plant it in a prepared place. It is worth considering that the juvenile will not tolerate frequent transplants.
Diseases and pests of a stone rose
Young growth has a fairly strong immunity, therefore, most often diseases arise due to improper care. And also there are some types of insects that can greatly harm the plant. The most common diseases and pests of stone succulent include:
- Decay of the root system and sockets. The reason is the waterlogging of the soil. At the first signs of decay, the affected part of the flower should be cut, the plant disinfected, and then transplanted to another place. If this problem has affected the roots, the rose must be destroyed so that the disease does not spread to healthy flowers.
- Weeds. Unnecessary grass, which can germinate between succulent rosettes, can deprive them of water and nutrients contained in the soil. If there are too many weeds, they can obscure the ornamental plant, which will very negatively affect its appearance and health. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly weed the stone rose.
- Chafer. The larvae of this pest are able to eat the plant, making long strokes in it. In this case, the young should be transplanted to another flower bed, and the soil should be treated with chemical preparations that will help get rid of insects.
Thinning can be a wonderful decoration of the garden, which you will spend a minimum of time. Suitable soil and moderate watering is all that he needs from his owner. In addition, with the help of an exotic plant, you can create many interesting compositions that will truly adorn your exterior and delight guests and neighbors.