Recently, the number of offers in the market of floor coverings for open-air sites has significantly increased: terraces, platforms, operated roofs, porches and stairs. All of them have their own fields of application, purpose, installation and operation features, and also differ in price and consumer properties.
At the moment, the most common types of coatings include the following:
- natural deck board;
- composite terrace board;
- Terrace tiles: brick, concrete, rubber, porcelain and natural stone;
- garden parquet, or decking.
Deck board It is a board with smooth edges made of hard and moisture-resistant wood species. This is primarily larch, oak, beech, cedar and exotic species: merbau, Australian walnut and others.
It is mounted with small gaps on the logs, the distance between which is about one meter. Installation is carried out in a hidden way, and since the wood is solid, it is recommended to drill a hole in the board before screwing the screw (to avoid splitting). Once every two years, it is advisable to treat the board with special impregnations in order to extend its service life, although it is already so large.
Characteristics of this type of coating.
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Composite deck board
This material is made from wood flour and polymers: polyethylene or PVC. This technology is also called wood-polymer composition (WPC). The length of such products is from 2 to 4 meters. They can be either solid or hollow. They withstand a temperature range from -50 to +70 degrees. Installation is carried out using initial and intermediate brackets. Between the boards you need leave a gap of about 6 mm. The ends of the hollow products must be sealed with plugs, which are sold in the same place as the board itself.
Like a natural board, a composite board is attached to the logs, and on sale there are logs from the same material. Before laying the terrace board on the logs of ordinary lumber, they must be carefully processed.
The price of a composite board ranges from 2.3 to 3 thousand rubles per square meter.
Varieties of Terrace Tiles
The choice of such tiles is huge, and its application is as varied as the materials from which it is made. These include:
- porcelain tile;
- clinker tile;
- a natural stone;
- concrete products;
- rubber tile.
This finishing material is suitable for both indoor and outdoor use. He has very clear geometric parameters, which allows him to be laid seamlessly (unlike the same tile).
Tiles are made of kaolin, feldspar, quartz sand and water, burning the molded mixture at a temperature of more than 1200 degrees.
This material is great. for platforms with a hard surface, socles and blind area, stairs. In street conditions, granite is laid on special glue, because when laying on cement mortars and ordinary tile adhesives, it tends to peel off at temperature extremes.
Tiles of different sizes are produced: from the smallest with a side of 5 cm to large sheets of 1.2 by 3.6 meters. As the flooring, the most popular are squares with sides of 45 cm and 60 cm.
Of the positive properties of this material, it can be noted its low water permeability - 0.5 ppm by weight.
The price of this material starts from 450 rubles per square meter.
Ideal for outdoor use. It is characterized by increased wear resistance, which is due to the property of raw materials: clinker brick, for example, is used in road repair.
The most popular sizes of clinker tiles are squares with sides of 30 cm, as well as imitation of a spoonful edge of a brick. For street coating, it is better to use tiles with a thickness of 18 mm.
Such material is laid in the same way as tile. Tiles require a flat concrete base, and then masonry is done on the glue, observing the seams (crosses are used) and subsequent grouting. The only difference is that the glue should be used frost-resistant, and the grout should be taken on an epoxy basis.
The price of the material is from 2.5 to 3.5 thousand rubles.
A natural stone
Very ancient stuff. The best options for the street are shale, granite, syenite, basalt. If your annual rainfall exceeds all conceivable and inconceivable standards, refrain from marble: it is ideal only for the Mediterranean.
The installation method depends on the properties of the stone slabs. If they are cut evenly, then they can be laid in the same way as clinker tiles. If not, use a cement mortar. The base under the stone floor should be solid and even, the joints between the plates should be at least half a centimeter, and it is better to wipe them with silicone grouts.
The disadvantages of stone include its thermal conductivity: in heat without slippers it is better not to walk on it.
To avoid the destruction of the stone floor, it should be done with a slight slope: water should not linger in the pores and seams.
The price of a stone varies depending on the proximity to the place of extraction.
Most often they are called paving tiles. They are made according to the technology of vibropressing, less often - vibrocasting. Currently available in different sizes and colors.
The principle of installation is paving. The area under the tile is leveled, tamped with sand, then geotextiles, crushed stone spread, again sand and garching (cement-sand mixture). For paving, you will need a grinder with a diamond disk (if you want smooth edges), a mallet or a ramming machine with a rubber gasket (so as not to split the tiles).
Currently, this material is gradually crowding out others from walkways, platforms and porches, which is not surprising: it is easy to install (even guest workers put it) and cheap: from 300 to 700 rubles per square meter.
One of the varieties of concrete tile is decorative stone-like tile, which is also called stamped. It fits in the same way as clinker.
An irreplaceable thing in the playgrounds. They make it from old tires crumbled into powder. In addition to black, the entire gamut of colors is available.
The advantages of rubber tiles include its heat resistance, safety (it does not slip in the winter, and if something falls, the risk of breaking something is minimal), ease of installation and repair (just replace it), ease of transportation, chemical resistance.
This coverage option is suitable for you if you have children in the house or you like to play sports.
The basis for the rubber tile may be concrete or wood flooring. It must be thoroughly cleaned and primed with polyurethane primer. Tiles are glued to the surface using rubber-bitumen glue. We seal each tile with a mallet.
There are options for laying on compacted sand and gravel; this tile is available with grooves and spikes, laid on a cement-sand mixture.
The price per square meter is 1-1.5 thousand rubles.
The benefits of garden parquet
Actually, it is he who is called decking, although for some reason the last name in Russia was assigned to a composite board. This is because the same technology is used in the manufacture of both boards and decking: wood dust and polymer.
The advantage of this type of floor design on the terrace is its versatility: decking can be placed both on a concrete base and on the ground. The main thing is that the surface should be flat, although there are options for surfaces with a slope that can be placed on adjustable legs.
Decking tiles are interconnected by a lock or by a groove-tongue system, moreover, you can choose both unidirectional laying and staggered, and if you wish, create the most diverse compositions according to the pattern.
Sometimes hard types of decking require fastening to the base with self-tapping screws. More flexible materials are assembled like a designer.
An additional advantage of garden parquet is the ability to disassemble it for the winter or for transferring it to another place.
Prices vary between 1.5-2.5 thousand rubles.
There is also a wooden garden parquet. Most often, larch and oak are used for this purpose. Such samples are more expensive, but the disadvantage is the fact that it is better not to use them in humid and shaded places: mold may form.
A budget option is plastic parquet, which is easy to find on sale.
If you are in doubt whether you can lay these coatings yourself, do not forget to include the cost of installing flooring in the costs.