Tomatoes are grown in all orchards and vegetable gardens. Everyone loves tomatoes for their taste. Everyone knows how to cook tomatoes. But probably not everyone knows about the health benefits of tomatoes.
Useful properties of tomatoes
They contain a lot of vitamins - a well-known fact. Tomatoes contain lycopene, a very powerful antioxidant. Lycopene is absorbed much better if the tomatoes have been cooked, season the salad of fresh tomatoes with vegetable oil, then the lycopene will be absorbed as much as possible. Tomatoes have a positive effect on the nervous system, as they contain serotonin - the "hormone of joy", which will save you from depression.
The high iron content will protect the heart and blood vessels from diseases. The skin and seeds of tomatoes improve intestinal motility. Those looking to lose weight should definitely have tomatoes in their diet. The love for tomatoes is well deserved, which has led to the fact that they have become the most common and most grown vegetable in the world.
The advantages of varieties of Siberian selection
Every year varieties of vegetables of Siberian selection become very popular among gardeners. Specially bred varieties for Siberia, are distinguished by disease resistance, high yield and rapid maturation in a short summer, sudden temperature changes, and a small amount of sunlight. Despite the fact that tomato is a thermophilic crop, in the conditions of a sharply continental climate, gardeners of Siberia get a decent harvest of tasty, aromatic fruits. Siberian tomatoes are suitable for the Urals and central Russia, for areas of risky farming, where summer also does not indulge in an abundance of heat and sun.
The future harvest depends entirely on correctly selected seeds. Decide what requirements you will make for the future plant:
- Ripening terms;
- Growing method;
- Taste qualities;
- The shape and height of the bush;
So, you have selected future tomatoes according to your criteria and have chosen the most fruitful seeds of Siberian breeding tomatoes. Tomatoes from Siberian breeders are suitable for cultivation both in open and protected ground. Growing without protection is a risky farming; the crop depends too much on the whims of Mother Nature. In a greenhouse, the harvest is guaranteed, much more abundant than in the open field and almost 3 weeks faster. And tomatoes in technical ripeness can be removed directly from the bush. It is unlikely that you will see mature standing tomatoes in the open field. But it is at the beginning of summer that the body wants more vitamins.
Caring for the future harvest begins in the spring, even in winter, when the time comes to plant seeds for seedlings. Harden the seeds before planting. Place barely hatched seeds in the refrigerator for 12 hours, then remove and keep at room temperature for a day. So, repeat 2-3 times. Experienced gardeners claim that the yield increases by 30-40 percent. Tomato seedlings react very positively to good lighting and warmth. Do not forget to turn the plants, then they will not stretch and will be strong. How to care for tomato seedlings, see the video:
In April - May, carry out the process of hardening young plants. Open the window, take out the boxes with seedlings on the balcony during the day. When the plants have reached a height of approximately 30 cm, they are ready to be transplanted into the greenhouse soil. Plant tall varieties and hybrids in a row or staggered at a distance of 40 - 60 cm. Prepare the soil mixture in the greenhouse in advance. Tomatoes love sandy loam or light loamy soil.
Attention! The composition of the soil is improved by the introduction of humus, rotted manure, peat.
Spill the wells with a solution of potassium permanganate, slightly pink in color, before planting.
Further care consists in regular watering, removal of stepchildren. Don't overdo it with watering. Otherwise, you will end up with watery tomatoes that will not taste good and will crack. Water every 5 days. Removing stepchildren is the most important process for gardeners. It is best to remove lateral shoots that have not grown to a size of 5 cm. Tie up the seedlings after 14 days.
Siberian seed producers
Agrofirms of Siberia: "Sibiriada", "Siberian Garden", "Seeds of Altai" have their own production, carry out breeding activities, provide basic information on varieties, offer their customers the best seeds of Siberian breeding tomatoes. Gardeners are guaranteed good results.
High-yield tomato varieties
Without a doubt, all gardeners want to get a rich harvest. Pay attention to the tomatoes of Siberian selection:
Suitable for greenhouses, fruiting type - stretched. Fruiting begins 115 days after germination. Tomatoes are large, up to 500 g, pink pulp. The shape of the tomato is very similar to the well-known variety of Bovine Heart. The pulp has a pleasant taste, more suitable for salads. The bush grows up to 2 m.
Refers to mid-season varieties, 110 - 120 days are necessary for the appearance of fruits. Tomatoes are tasty, aromatic, weighing up to 350g. Cooking Applications: Salads. Plant height 55 - 60 cm.
Pride of Siberia
An early ripe reliable variety, after planting the seedlings in a greenhouse, the first tomatoes can be removed after 85 days. Fruits are flat-round, in technical maturity, bright red, unusually large, the first tomatoes weighing about 900 g, the next 600-700 g. Productivity: about 25 kg of tomato per 1 sq. M. m. Tomato juice, pasta and salads are made from the fruits. The gardeners' reviews for this variety are the most positive, they attribute the Pride of Siberia to the varieties of the best tomatoes.
A great warrior
Tall variety, requires a garter. Fruiting begins 110 days after the first shoots. The shape of tomatoes is flat-round, weighing up to 500 g. Due to the size of the fruits, it is difficult to use in canning, but they are ideal for salads. Productivity: 19 kg per 1 sq. m.
Gives an early harvest. The plant is compact, up to 1.5 m in the greenhouse, slightly smaller in the open field. Fruits weighing about 400 g, heart-shaped. Fruiting almost to frost. The technical ripeness of the fruit is determined by the crimson color. Flesh pleasant to the taste, sugary, low-seeded.
King of giants
Mid-season, very large-fruited. The weight of the tomatoes is 800 - 1000 g. In technical ripeness, they are rich red, with a pleasant sweetish taste, very fleshy. Culinary purpose - salads.
A small plant, grows up to 80 cm in a greenhouse, breeders have empirically determined that the yield reaches 9 kg per 1 sq. Tomatoes are large, fleshy, about 500 g.
Refers to mid-season varieties, the shape of the fruit is oblong, cylindrical, cigar-shaped. Fruits weighing 100 - 120 g. Small, but there are many of them, the whole bush is strewn with tomatoes. Productivity 11, -12 kg per 1 sq. The dense skin prevents the tomatoes from cracking.
About 110 cm high, tolerates temperature extremes, high-yielding variety, 9.1 kg per 1 sq. M. Fruits are small, their weight is 110 g. In technical ripeness they are orange. Oblong shape. The skin does not crack when canning.
King of Siberia
According to gardeners, the best and most productive variety. Fruits weighing about 700 g, are distinguished by a rich taste and density, do not crack, the color is orange. Tying up the bush is required, otherwise breaking off the branches cannot be avoided.
Give from 1 sq. m 10 - 13 kg of orange tomatoes. Mid-season, fruit weight 200 - 400 g, pleasant, sweetish taste. Unfortunately, Golden Domes do not last long and do not tolerate transportation well.
Very unusual tomato of Siberian selection. It differs from other varieties in color and taste. At technical maturity, the fruits turn yellow with green stripes. Very tasty. Up to 200 g. On the cut, it is pale green. According to gardeners, they are poorly transported, you need to get used to the variety, since it is not clear how to determine technical maturity.
The variety, which has a bright orange color, can be compared to an orange. The weight of a tomato is 150 - 200 g, under favorable conditions up to 450 g. You can prepare sauces, salads. They are not suitable for canning, as the skin cracks and the tomato falls apart.
Tomatoes weight 80 - 120 g, deep pink color with full ripeness, good taste, can be stored for a long time. The plant is weakly branched, therefore it does not require pinching. The yield is high, the variety is very resistant to diseases, tomatoes are tied even under unfavorable natural conditions.
A variety that has very large fruits, their weight is up to 1 kg, the shape of the tomato is round, slightly flattened. The pulp is dense, juicy. It makes a very successful tomato juice, pasta, ketchup. Salads have a rich tomato flavor. Very few seeds. It is difficult to collect them for the future harvest. The plant itself is strong, powerful, tall.
The variety is extremely unpretentious and resistant to temperature extremes. The yield is high: 17 - 18 kg per 1 sq. Tomatoes are large with dense pulp. More suitable for making fresh salads. Their weight is up to 400g.
A variety that actually resembles a goose egg in shape. The pulp is very dense, does not spread, does not wrinkle, is covered with a dense skin, it is easy to remove it. Fruit weight 300 g. You can get 9 kg of tomatoes from 1 square. Bushes in the greenhouse grow up to 2 m.
New items from Siberian breeders
Pay attention to the new varieties of Siberian breeding tomatoes:
A variety more suitable for greenhouses. Plant height 1.8 m. Fruits are large. Some gardeners manage to gain weight up to 1 kg. The average weight is about 500 g. Tomatoes are dense, pleasant to the taste, they have few seeds. With such large sizes, canning is difficult.
Unusual beak-shaped tomato. The first fruits weighing up to 800 g, subsequent up to 400 g. From 1 sq. M. m you can get 8 - 9 kg of tomatoes. The pulp is firm, the skin does not crack. The presentation of tomatoes does not suffer during transportation. They are stored for a long time.
Siberian early maturing
Small height 35 - 95 cm. 120 days pass from germination to first fruits. 65 - 115 g - fruit weight, bright red color, tomato shape is round, slightly flattened. The taste is excellent.
Siberian trump card
Differs in stable fruiting, bush height 90 cm. Large tomatoes up to 700 g. In technical ripeness, deep pink color. Well stored, well transported.
Tomatoes are very large up to 900 g. Under ideal conditions, up to 1.5 kg. The pulp is juicy, of excellent taste. Tomatoes have an attractive appearance.
Refers to early ripening hybrids, disease resistant. Fruits are medium-sized, weighing 130 g. Pink color. The application is universal.
Chinese Disease Resistant
New variety. Fruits of bright red color 200 g. Excellent taste will satisfy even gourmets. The variety is resistant to all types of diseases affecting tomatoes.
Fruits in technical maturity are dark pink in color, average size 500 g, can grow up to 1 kg. Excellent taste. It grows both outdoors and in greenhouses. In protected ground, real giants grow up to 2 m in height. Gardeners love this variety for its high yield and the special sweetness of tomatoes.
Of course, this is not a complete list of the best varieties of Siberian breeding tomatoes. Siberian scientists are constantly replenishing the assortment of tomatoes so that gardeners have a choice and can choose a plant for their climatic zone. And, most importantly, to get a rich harvest, which will be enough not only for fresh food, but also provide the family with preparations for the long winter.