After acquiring a summer cottage, the owner wants to make it as beautiful as possible. To do this, he makes flower beds, sets figurines and lamps. If you got a site on which there is a small stream or river, then you are very lucky. After all, you have one of the main conditions for the construction of a water mill. The quiet murmur of flowing water will help create a cozy and soothing atmosphere. But before you can enjoy all the advantages of such a building, you will have to work hard.
Types of buildings
Such a structure was very common many centuries ago. Depending on the type of orientation of the wheels, water mills can be divided into two main types:
In the mills of the first type, the main working element is a water wheel, which is located in a vertical plane and is driven by a gear transmission mechanism. In buildings with horizontal orientation, this principle is not provided.
Depending on the purpose, it is customary to divide the mills into flour mills, sawmills used for the manufacture of paper and the needs of the glass industry. But since we are talking about the improvement of the summer cottage, the constructed mill will be considered solely as a decorative element.
The mill device includes The following main elements:
- wheel with blades;
- gutter, axle and hinges;
- frame for the wheel;
It was such a device that the mills, which are mentioned in ancient books and other sources, had. This technology has been used for centuries and made it possible to create time-tested buildings for processing grain into flour. At first, the product went up, through the trench it went to the millstones, and the finished raw materials were collected in bags.
Even the presence of such a productive structure as a water mill did not greatly simplify the task, so at that time the process of grinding the grains was still a difficult task. In advanced designs, natural water from the reservoir was supplied to the wheel, and the force of the incident liquid forced the blades of the wheel to rotate, setting the mill axis in motion.
Today, any summer resident can do it yourself reduced mill version. This is an excellent solution for decorating a summer residence, because for the manufacture of such a building you can use any available materials - stone, wood, broken brick. Some gardeners approach the process with such thoroughness that they create very realistic mills that include not only a wheel, but also a house with a roof made of straw or reeds. This composition perfectly ennobles the summer cottage.
The case located next to the structure can be adapted as a storage for garden tools. Thanks to the water flow, the summer resident has a free source of energy, which can be used to illuminate the path or irrigate the garden. If desired, the building can be given even more beautiful appearance, having decorated it with conifers and shrubs. This will make the suburban area look more mysterious and turn it into a complete recreation area.
Principle of operation
Before proceeding to consider the process of constructing such a structure, you should find out how a water mill works. For its work, they usually use water supplied from a reservoir - a river, a pond or a reservoir through a pipe through which it is directed to a wheel. At the moment of collapse of a powerful stream of water, the blades of the wheel begin to rotate, leading, in turn, to the axis of the mill.
A feature of the design of the full-sized mill is that it has lock gates that control the passage of fluids and prevent flooding. The same principle can be laid in the basis of the work of decorative buildings. From above, water pours from the country reservoir onto the wheel; under the force of the falling liquid, the blades begin to rotate.
Water is usually supplied with a hose: for this, one end is placed in a pond, and the other is mounted on the roof of the mill. The pump can maintain the circulation of the fluid, forcing it to flow in a circle and setting the wheel in motion.
Ways to create a stream of water
There are several solutions to ensure a continuous supply of water to the mill wheel:
- unevenness of the site;
- pump installation.
The first option involves the location of the drain directly under the gutter. But such a mill will be able to work only when it rains outside. Trying to solve the problem of creating a falling stream of water, some summer residents use the irregularities of the site. For example, a natural alpine hill can be adapted for these purposes.
Near the mill, it is necessary to organize a place for collecting fluid, which will be sent to the wheel through a special gutter. In the absence of natural irregularities, you can create it yourself using any of the available materials, for example, brick, stone or compacted earth.
A hose is mounted directly in the building itself, with the help of which water will be supplied. For this design to work, a pump is required that will ensure a constant flow of pressurized water to the wheel, while maintaining a constant movement of the mill. The source of water may be a shallow pond, well or tank.
DIY water mill
Initially, you need to create a difference in water levels at the place chosen for construction. After that, you can go directly to the process of constructing the main structure. The mill has a fairly simple device. In its design, it represents a small house where it is necessary to install a water pump and a wheel that will rotate under the action of water supplied from the upper reservoir to the lower one. But you can also use another version of the mill as a basis: you can refuse a house by restricting yourself to one or more wheels.
There are several ways to create a wheel for a mill with your own hands:
- For the role of a mill flywheel, you can adapt an ordinary bicycle wheel.
- Make from a reel for winding cable.
- To make of boards previously knocked together, giving the design a circle shape.
- You can use a piece of pipe with blades attached to it.
If this is your first time making a wooden wheel with your own hands, you will need drawings anyway. We don’t recommend starting without them, otherwise you will make a lot of mistakes and just waste your time and materials.
Although, in principle, the choice can be stopped on any option. The main thing is that two mandatory conditions are met:
- the design must have blades;
- in the center of the wheel should be a pipe on which an axis will be installed, providing rotation.
Despite the fact that this is just an element of decor, during the construction of this building you still need to adhere to a certain algorithm, which includes a number of stages:
- At the first stage, it is necessary to make a mill wheel with blades. To avoid additional difficulties, the blades are recommended to be installed around the perimeter between two coaxially fixed circles. Mounting can be done by any mechanical means available.
- At this stage, two bearings are made, after which the axis of the water wheel is mounted on them with the possibility of rotation. This can be achieved through the use of bearings.
- Supports can immediately be made in the form of a decorative house. They can be made from any available materials - oak beams, cement, brick, plywood, metal corners, etc.
- A gutter should be brought to the top of the wheel, through which water will be supplied to the blades.
- Depending on the material from which the blades are made, they must be treated with a moisture-proof material. On wooden elements, 2-3 layers of water-repellent varnish are applied, and metal ones are painted with anti-corrosion paint.
- They build channels through which the water moving the blades will be diverted, for example, to beds or to a special container.
- At the final stage, they are engaged in the design of the adjacent territory - they prepare flower beds with laying fertile soil, plant decorative plants.
The water mill works according to a rather simple and well-known principle: water is supplied to the wheels of the wheels, causing them to rotate, and they, in turn, set in motion the axis of the building. But since decorative mills are mainly built at the summer cottage, there is no further transmission of torque to the actuator in its design.
The owner of a summer cottage can use the powerful water stream created to his advantage. For example, the axis of the water wheels can cause the generator rotor to rotate. Thus, the mill can become a source of additional electricity that can be used to illuminate the tracks.
Although most often such a mill is built in the country only as an element of decor. It allows you to redirect the flow of water in the right direction, for example, to irrigate the beds.
A decorative water mill will be a great addition to any modern garden. If desired, it can be made the central element of the country territory. And different design options will help to achieve this goal. It is easy to give such a design an attractive appearance. Much depends on the imagination of the summer resident and his attitude to the process of landscaping.
For example, this building can be decorated in a rustic stylewhose principle is the use of wooden parts. In the area adjacent to the mill, you can install a small bench or gazebo. A miniature cart with flowers or animal figures made of wood will also be an excellent decoration. The mill will look more expressive if you plant chamomiles, cereals or sunflowers around its perimeter. This will help make the composition more colorful and charming.
An unusual solution for a modern summer residence may be the design of a mill in the style of fachwerk. Its essence is that the frame of the building is visible from the outside. Any summer resident will cope with such a task, because for this design option any available materials are suitable. The roof must be made of thin battens, tiled and painted with white or brown paint.
The main house is decorated in white, then decorative strips are glued, as a result, the surface is divided into small squares and triangles. This solution allows the facade to look very unusual. As a final element of the composition near the building, you can install a brown bench or plant white flowers.
Among summer residents there are many fans japanese style, which can be used to decorate the mill. Its main characteristics are seasoned design and use of stones, water and plants as decorations. The design itself is recommended to be painted in a dark color.
As part of the improvement of the surrounding area, a bench or a stone turret can be installed next to the building, but they can also be replaced with vegetation - for example, bonsai. The mill wheel is recommended to be decorated with natural materials - pieces of shells, pebbles or sand.
In order for the summer cottage to have a comfortable rest, it needs to be issued in a special way. A rather unusual element of the decor can be a water mill, which any owner of the site can do with his own hands. After all, this will not be an exact copy of an ancient building, but a decorative option that includes the basic elements that will create the necessary effect.
During the construction of the building, deviation from the accepted principles is allowed, because the design of a summer cottage is a creative process where the use of unusual solutions is only welcome. Not only an adult, but also any child will be glad to see a beautifully and unusually designed mill.
Those who do not have the slightest idea of how to build a mill with a water wheel with their own hands will not hurt at first choose for yourself a suitable drawing of the structure. It can be taken as a basis and in the process of making certain changes if the owner himself wants it.