Advice

Superdeterminate tomato varieties


The variety of tomatoes is huge. In addition to the fact that the culture is divided into varieties and hybrids, the plant is determinant and indeterminate. Many vegetable growers know that these concepts mean short and tall tomatoes. There are also semi-determinant varieties, that is, something in between the first and second species. But what super-determinant tomatoes are not understandable to all novice vegetable growers. Now we will try to figure it out with this definition.

Introducing Superdeterminate Tomatoes

The answer to the question that these are superdeterminate varieties of tomatoes is very simple. This crop was bred specifically for obtaining early tomatoes in the spring in greenhouses and in the garden. Moreover, this group includes not only varieties, but also hybrids. The superdeterminate culture quickly and amicably gives up the entire harvest, after which a new ovary is not formed.

Superdeterminate tomatoes have a subspecies - ultra-early ripening. Such crops make it possible to obtain super-early tomatoes before the onset of mass destruction of plants by late blight. Among these varieties are Moskvich and Yamal. Stamp cultures do not throw out stepchildren, they themselves form a bush that does not require a garter to the stakes. The high yield of varieties allows you to collect up to 10 kg of fruits from 6 bushes. The Moskvich variety bears fruit perfectly in the garden without shelter. If you take the tomato "Japanese dwarf", then this bush throws out a few stepsons. However, the shoots grow short. Due to them, a bush is formed, densely covered with small sweet tomatoes.

By plant height, all superdeterminate tomatoes are undersized. We can say that these are the same determinant crops with a stem height of 30 to 60 cm, only their growth stops after the formation of three brushes. Another feature of superdeterminate tomatoes is that the plants love a thickened planting. Flowering occurs early. The first inflorescence appears above the 6th leaf, and then follows each other or through 1 leaf. The growth of the stepson ends after the appearance of 3 inflorescences.

Important! If all stepchildren are removed from the plant, the bush stops growing. Naturally, after such actions, a good harvest should not be expected.

At the very beginning of the development of the plant, 1 shoot is left under the first inflorescence. The main stem will grow from it. At the next pinching on the same shoot, 1 stepson is similarly left under the first inflorescence.

Advice! Superdeterminate bushes can be formed not only with one stem, but with two or even three, at the request of the gardener.

Bush formation methods

There are three ways to form superdeterminate tomato bushes:

  • The first method of shaping involves removing all lateral shoots about 1 month before the last harvest. Further, the plant grows with 1 stem.
  • The second way is to leave 2 stems on the plant. A new shoot is obtained from a stepson growing from under the first inflorescence.
  • Well, the third method, as you already guessed, involves the formation of a bush with three stems. In this case, we already have a second stepson from under the first inflorescence, and the third shoot is left from under the leaf of the second inflorescence of the previous stepson.

Forming with multiple stems is more time consuming but produces better yields.

Attention! Pinching leaves and pagon plants on a plant should be done on a sunny warm day. From this, the pinching site will dry out quickly, which excludes the penetration of infection.

Overview of varieties for open cultivation

So, we will start our review with early varieties and hybrids that bear fruit in the open field.

Alpha

The approximate ripening period of the fruit is 3 months. The culture is capable of bearing fruit in the garden and under a temporary cover from the film. Planting in the ground is available with seedlings and seeds. The bush grows up to 0.5 m in height. Round tomatoes with red pulp weigh no more than 70 g.

Amur bole

This variety can also be grown in the vegetable garden and under the film, where the tomatoes will ripen by the end of the third month. Tomatoes are planted with seedlings or sown immediately with grains in the ground. Bushes are small up to 0.5 m in height. Round tomatoes, fruit weight 120 g. This tomato is not afraid of cold snaps and does not require special care.

Aphrodite F1

The hybrid will really appeal to gardeners who love to pick early tomatoes in 2.5 months. The bush can stretch up to 0.7 m in height, but it is not spreading and neat. Round tomatoes of medium size weigh 115 g. Due to their dense pulp, tomatoes can be stored and transported.

Benito F1

This super-early hybrid, outdoors and under plastic, will produce ripe tomatoes in 70 days. Small bush, maximum 0.5 m in height. Red-fleshed tomatoes grow as plums. Fruit weight 140 g.

Valentine

The variety is intended for cultivation in the garden, where ripe tomatoes can be obtained already in the first days of the fourth month. The plant is not afraid of drought and together gives away the entire harvest. The height of the bush is maximum 0.7 m. Medium-sized tomatoes weigh 120 g. Plum-shaped fruits are very dense, do not crack during storage and transportation.

Explosion

Tomatoes ripen after 3 months. The culture bears fruit in open beds and under a film. Planting is done by seedlings, but you can also use seeds. Medium-sized round tomatoes weigh 150 g. The plant is not afraid of cold, slightly affected by late blight.

Gina

This variety will bring ripe tomatoes after 3 months in an open area or under a film. Bushes grow up to 0.7 m in height, require little participation in the removal of stepchildren. Round fruits are the first to grow large, weighing up to 350 g. Tomatoes of the following batches of medium size weighing 190 g. The dense pulp does not crack.

Don Juan

The culture is intended for growing in open beds and under a film. Tomatoes ripen in 3 months. The plant grows up to 0.6 m in height. The tomato has an elongated shape with a protruding sharp end. The pulp is pink; longitudinal yellow lines are visible on top of the skin. A tomato weighs a maximum of 80 g. The dense pulp does not crack during storage and transportation. The fruits are often used for rolling into jars.

Far North

By the end of the third month, the first ripe tomatoes can be picked from the plants. The variety is grown in the garden and under the film. Planting in the ground is available with seedlings and seeds. The bushes are neat, not spreading, up to 0.6 m high, do without removing the stepsons. The plant tolerates cold well, gives off the harvest amicably. A medium-sized round tomato weighs about 70g.

F1 doll

The early ripening hybrid belongs to the ultra-early group of tomatoes. Ripe fruits are available for consumption after 85 days. The culture is intended for open cultivation, as well as under film. The height of the bushes reaches 0.6 m. During the growing season, the plant requires partial removal of stepchildren. Round tomatoes under satisfactory growing conditions can weigh up to 400 g. The average weight of tomatoes is about 200 g.

Cupid F1

The super-yielding hybrid intended for open cultivation will bear its first ripe fruits in 3 months. The bushes grow up to 0.6 m in height, require human participation in the formation of the crown by partially removing the stepsons. Small to medium sized tomatoes weigh from 70 to 100 g. The smooth round shape of the fruit makes it popular for rolling into jars. The dense red pulp does not crack during storage and transportation.

Legionnaire F1

Growing this hybrid is possible on open soil, as well as under a film. The first harvest time comes after 3 months. The bush grows low, usually 45 cm in height, in some cases it can stretch up to 0.6 m. The plant has spreading branches. Round-shaped tomatoes grow to a mass of 150 g. The pink pulp is dense, does not crack.

Maksimka

The tomato belongs to the ultra-early varieties. Ripening of the first fruits is observed after 75 days. The culture is intended for open cultivation. The plant is low up to 0.5 m in height. Occasionally it can stretch up to 0.6 m. Round-shaped tomatoes are small, weighing on average 100 g. The flesh is red, dense, does not crack in saline.

Marisha

By the end of the second month, ripe tomatoes can be expected. Bushes grow low to about 40 cm in height. The plant does without removing the stepchildren. Tomatoes can grow medium in size, weighing up to 120 g, but there are many small ones on the plant, weighing about 50 g. Despite the fact that the vegetable has a salad-like direction, the pulp is very strong and does not crack during transportation and storage.

Parodist

The variety is a novelty and belongs to ultra-early ripening tomatoes. The plant is grown in open soil, as well as under a film. After 2.5 months, a ripe crop will be available. Bushes grow up to 40 cm in height, sometimes 10 cm higher. Removing stepchildren is not required when growing in a vegetable garden. If the culture is planted under a film, formation with three stems is required. In the second case, no more than 4 brushes are left on each stem. Dignity of the variety in a stable ovary in all weather conditions. Round tomatoes grow medium-sized, weighing up to 160 g. Vegetable is most used for salads.

Sanka

The tomato is an ultra-early ripening variety that yields in about 85 days. The culture bears fruit stably in open soil, as well as under a film. The plant grows low up to 35 cm in height, the maximum can be extended by another 5 cm. The bushes form independently without removing shoots. The fruits ripen together, which is convenient for commercial use and conservation. Round-shaped tomatoes grow medium-sized, weighing up to 100 g.

Overview of greenhouse varieties

Low-growing varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses are not very popular due to the lack of opportunities to save space. Usually, most of the greenhouse space is set aside for tall crops in order to get a large harvest with little use of the area. However, indeterminate tomatoes tend to ripen later, so for an early harvest in the greenhouse, some space can be reserved for determinant varieties.

Greenhouse early maturing F1

The hybrid was specially bred by breeders for greenhouse cultivation. The culture is considered to be ultra-early maturing. The plant can stretch up to 0.7 m in height. The bush has a slightly spreading crown. Round tomatoes weigh 180 g on average. The vegetable is good for pickles and fresh salads.

F1 Present

According to the method of cultivation, the hybrid is considered a greenhouse, but it is capable of bearing fruit under a film cover. Bushes grow up to 0.65 m in height, require removal of stepchildren. The tomatoes are round, even, without ribbing. The average weight of one vegetable reaches 170 g. Red dense pulp does not crack during storage and conservation. The first harvest ripens after three months.

Sugar plum raspberry

The variety is only adapted to the greenhouse. The fruits ripen in 87 days. Formation of the bush requires the removal of shoots. Tomatoes grow small, weighing up to 25 g. The shape of the vegetable is similar to small pink cream. The crop is able to keep well.

Superstar

The culture is capable of bearing fruit only under cover. The tomato belongs to the ultra-early ripening varieties. Fruit ripening is observed after 85 days. The plant requires the removal of stepchildren for the correct formation of the crown. Tomatoes grow in a round shape weighing up to 250 g.

Balcony varieties of tomatoes

Some amateurs even grow tomatoes on balconies and loggias. Well, if you can grow a pepper on the windowsill, why not please yourself with fresh tomatoes in the absence of a greenhouse.

Room surprise

The plant is able to grow in any container on the balcony and takes root well outside. The culture loves a dense planting. Fruit ripening is observed after 80 days. Bushes grow no higher than 0.5 m. Crohn is prone to self-formation without human intervention. The harvest ripens together in large quantities. The mass of a plum vegetable is 60 g.

Minibel

A versatile crop that can grow in a room, greenhouse, balcony, vegetable garden and under any temporary shelter. Tomatoes ripen after three months. The plant is low, no more than 40 cm in height. Usually the stems grow up to 30 cm. The plant does without removing the shoots. Small tomatoes, maximum fruit weight 25 g. Red firm pulp has a pleasant sweet-sour taste. The culture reacts poorly to a lack of lighting, has high decorative performance.

Indoor pygmy

The home variety of tomato grows in the garden, balcony, and is used for dense border plantings. Standard bushes grow 25 cm in height, do without removing shoots. The crop ripens in 80 days. Small round tomatoes weigh only 25 g.

Pinocchio

The balcony plant produces a bountiful harvest after three months. Seedlings are planted tightly on the garden bed. Bushes are low from 20 to 30 cm in height. The standard culture does not require the removal of shoots. Small tomatoes weigh up to 20 g. The plant has an excellent decorative appearance.

Garden Pearl

The culture is grown indoors on the windowsill and in the garden. Bushes tend to spread. Stem length maximum 40 cm. Fruits ripen in large quantities by the end of the third month. During the season, 1 bush is able to bring up to 400 small tomatoes weighing 20 g. As a decoration, the plant is grown as an ornamental.

Snegirek

The variety is intended for balcony cultivation and in the garden. Ripening of tomatoes is observed at 80 days. In open ground, you can plant seedlings or sow with seeds. Bushes grow up to 30 cm in height. Shoot removal is not required. Small red tomatoes weigh only 25g.

Conclusion

The video shows tomatoes on the balcony:

Our review of early low-growing tomatoes covered a small part of the varieties. In fact, there are much more of them, many crops are zoned in certain regions, and in order to get a good harvest on your site, you must carefully read the characteristics of the variety on the seed package.


Watch the video: Selecting Tomato Varieties (November 2021).

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