Tinder fungi, or fungus fungus, belongs to the unsystematic group of fungi belonging to the department of basidiomycetes. The mushroom dwelling on wood infects a living plant and destroys it.
General characteristics of tinder fungus
Tree parasitic mushroom can have a different appearance, size and different habitat, as well as the type of relationship.
Description of appearance
Pipe fungi - plant parasites, which differ significantly in their morphological characteristics. The fruiting body of any tinder belongs to the group of basidiomycetes. That is why most species are characterized by the presence of a tubular hymenophore, but some species have other types of hymenophore. A very peculiar fruiting body can have a different nature of fixing on the substrate.
What eats mushroom tinder fungus
Settling on a plant, woody species feed on substances that make up plant juices and wood. Various deciduous trees, such as birch, as well as conifers, can act as a nutrient substrate.
Medicinal and beneficial properties of tinder fungus
Despite the fact that tree mushroom is extremely dangerous for vegetation, its use in folk medicine is a scientifically proven fact. Tinder fungus is useful in the treatment of very many pathological conditions, and the preparation of medicinal compounds is available at home. Wood mushrooms are very successfully used in several directions, presented:
- effective removal of carcinogens, harmful substances and various toxins from the body;
- restoration of liver tissue and the normalization of its functioning;
- getting rid of nervous disorders;
- stopping bleeding;
- decreased blood sugar;
- pleurisy and tuberculosis treatment;
- the fight against malignant tumors in the bronchi and lungs;
- normalization of stool with dysbiosis and constipation of various origins.
Mushroom powders are widely used to get rid of excess weight and regulate metabolic processes in the human body, and also have antibacterial, antitumor, mild laxative and antiseptic effects.
What harm does a tinder fungus bring to trees
Tree mushrooms are especially harmful to gardeningexcitement. Infection with fungal spores occurs through cracks in the bark of trees and surface damage resulting from the negative effects of severe frost, plant parasites, sunburn and mechanical damage. Germinating spores form a mycelium, which when gradually spreading destroys the wood.
After the mycelium penetrates the tissues, numerous fruiting bodies appear on the surface of the cortex. Plants affected by wood parasites are characterized by a sharp decrease in productivity and the lack of growth of shoots. The branches of the affected trees become very fragile, therefore they are able to break off even with minor gusts of wind. Quite often, voluminous hollows are exposed on the stem, and the tree eventually dies.
Features sulfur yellow tinder
Types of tinder fungus
All known basidiomycetes differ in their external shape, type of attachment to substrates, as well as in size, and are represented by several species.
Forms fotentarius is a perennial saprophyte with fruit bodies of a sedentary type, round or hoof-shaped, without a leg, with a large hat covered with a matte, uneven, wavy skin. Small cracks are sometimes present on the surface. Color ranges from light grayish to dark gray or light beige. The pulp is dense and soft, resembling a cork, sometimes woody in color, reddish-brown at the cut.
Phellinus igniarius is a perennial form of a sedentary type. Fruit bodies are round or hoof-like, firmly attached to wood. The hat is dark gray or brown-black, medium in size, covered with a matte and uneven skin, covered with concentric brownish-colored rollers.
Polýrus squamosus is an annual basidiomycete belonging to the Polyporov family. Fruit bodies with a fleshy and asymmetric cap, kidney-shaped or prostrate, sometimes slightly depressed at the base of the form, with thin edges. Soft or hard, depending on age, often spongy-cork and crumbling flesh, has a pleasant powdery aroma. General staining light yellowish or grayish. It has a dark brown surface scaly layer, which is located in a wave-like fashion.
Tinder fungus birch
Pintororus Betulinus - annual agaricomyceteforming fruiting bodies without a leg, spherical or horseshoe-shaped, with a grayish-brown surface and thick edges. The pulp is hard, on a slice of white staining, having a bitter taste and a very pronounced mushroom smell.
Ganoderma lucidum - an annual hat-cutaneous variety with kidney-shaped or almost ovoid, flat fruit bodies, covered with smooth, shiny, uneven, wavy skin, with concentric rings on the surface. The pulp is quite dense, woody type, has an ocher, orange or yellow color, without outstanding taste characteristics and odor. Leg area of lateral arrangement, cylindrical, with increased density.
Formorsis pinicola is a perennial saprophyte with sessile, fruit-sided lateral parts and an absent leg. The shape is pillow-shaped or hoof-like, with very clearly distinguishable concentric zones on the surface of a grayish-gray or dark grayish-brown color. Dense pulpquite elastic or cork-like, sometimes woody type, flocculent at the cut.
Tinder funnel sulfur yellow
Laetírrus sulrhúrеus is an annual from the Polypor family. Fruit bodies are located low above the ground, sulfur-yellow or bright yellow-orange color, in the form of a drop-shaped or ear-shaped fleshy mass, with wavy and divided into lobes edges. The surface is represented by creamy yellow pubescence. The pulp is soft and juicy, brittle, white, with a characteristic sour taste.
Albatrellus confluns is an annual basidiomycete with fruit bodies represented by a branched peduncle and several hats with a fan-shaped or irregular lobate shape. The surface is pinkish-beige-salmon. The pulp is fleshy or resinous type, cream color, with a pleasant smell and bitter taste.
Tramates versicolar - a very common saprophyte mushroom with harsh and rather thin, semicircular hats, grouped and covered with white, gray, blue, black, velvety or silky-shiny skin.
Tratets hirsúta - an annual agaricomycete with sessile, grown, half and open leathery, flat or fairly thick hats with hard gray pubescence and concentric circles. The pulp is represented by two layers: the upper is gray, fibrous and soft, and the lower is whitish, cork-like.
Polerorus badius - a species from the Polypore family. Young hats are smooth and shiny, light grayish-brown or dark chestnut-colored, with bright orange-red curving edges and a porous surface. Leg shortened, tan or black. The hard flesh has a yellow-whitish color.
Tinder fungus winter
Pollyrus brumalis - have grayish-brown rounded hats, with a dented central part and tucked fringed edges. Leg is velvety type, brownish color. The pulp is white and hard enough.
Tinder fungus umbrella
Rolýrus umbellatus - edible variety with small sizes, light gray or gray with numerous rounded hats and partially connected legs. Pulp of dense consistency, whitish or cream coloring.
Pollyrus varius is an inedible variety belonging to the genus Polyporus. It is characterized by a smooth, golden yellow or light brown hat and an eccentric leg. The fruit body has a rigid structure and pronounced mushroom aroma.
Poulrorus tubaster is an edible variety from the Polypore family, characterized by a light, flat, with a depressed central part and hard edges, a hat covered with a large number of embossed brown scales. Leg central, brownish staining. The pulp is whitish staining, with a harsh structure.
Phaeolus schwнinitzii - an inedible variety with sulfur-yellow, rust-brown or dark brown flat hat, on the surface of which there are concentric zones, yellow edges and warts or hairs. The flesh is tan or rusty brown, not having a pronounced taste and aroma.
How to cook tinder
The use of tinder fungus in medicine
Most often, on the basis of wood mushrooms, dosage forms such as tincture and decoction:
- for tincture preparation, dried fruit bodies are crushed, after which 20 g of mushroom powder is poured with half a liter of solution based on 250 ml of water and 250 ml of vodka. The composition is infused for three days, after which it is taken on a teaspoon once a day in order to strengthen immunity, get rid of inflammatory processes;
- for making a decoction a tablespoon of chopped tinder funnel is boiled in 400 ml of water for a quarter of an hour, after which the composition is strained and cooled. Ready mushroom broth is taken 15 ml three times a day for the prevention of insomnia, in order to calm the nervous system, as well as get rid of stress and irritability.
In order to effectively reduce excess weight, a teaspoon of dry mushroom powder is stirred in half a glass of room temperature water. Such a healing, fast-burning fasting drug is drunk. Before using drugs, it is important to familiarize yourself with contraindications, as well as get preliminary consultation with your doctor.
How to cook an edible tinder
It is possible to cook tasty and healthy mushroom dishes only from edible varieties of polypore. Most commonly used in cooking are varieties such as winter, sulfur yellow, umbrella and scaly, whose young hats can begin to be collected in May and July.
Harvested fruiting bodies are consumed in boiled and fried form, as well as pickled and used in pickling. Most often, freshly picked fruiting bodies of tinder fungi are boiled, after which they are fried in butter for ten minutes and mixed with any spices to taste. Served such a product on the table as a useful and tasty addition to pasta or potatoes.
Useful properties of tinder fungus
How to prevent tinder infection of trees
Under normal conditions, polypants take a very active part in the decomposition of dead wood. However, if tree fungi switch to healthy crops, they become very dangerous for forests and gardens.
If fruiting bodies of tinder fungi are found on branches, it is necessary to prevent sanitary pruning to prevent the spread of infection. All cut branches are burned, and healthy wood is treated with a special garden varnish or covered with oil paint. The stem part of the tree is required to be annually treated with lime mortars. It is also very important to maintain the immunity of plants at a high level, following the recommendations for cultivation and care.