Plants

Edible and poisonous mushrooms of the Samara region


Mushroom pickers of the Samara region boast fertile forests. Ceps, chanterelles, honey agarics, mushrooms, mushrooms and many other edible varieties grow here.

Mushroom places of Samara region

On the territory of the region there are many very popular mushroom places, which well-known not only to experienced mushroom pickers, but also to beginners of the "quiet hunt":

  • among the richest places for butter, russula and black mushrooms places include the area near the village of Red Yar;
  • for honey mushrooms, as well as real mushrooms and foxes, you can safely go to the outskirts of the village of Pribrezhny in the territory of the Krasnoglinsky district;
  • one of the favorite places for mushroom pickers is coniferous forest belt, birch grove and linden plantings around the villages of Old Binaradka and Kurumoch;
  • the surroundings of the village of Kanuevka, located in the Bezenchuksky district, abound in early spring with boletus, boletus and russula;

  • in the forests around the village of Orlovka in the Koshkinsky district, such mushrooms, as boletus and boletus mushrooms, as well as russula and pigs, are massively fruitful until autumn;
  • the abundance of brown boletus, boletus, boletus and black mushrooms is characterized by mixed forests near the village of Malaya Malyshevka in the Kinelsky district;
  • A very popular mushroom spot is the village of Zaborovka on the territory of the Syzran region, in the vicinity of which you can collect honey mushrooms, traps and butter.

For many years, the territory of the national park or the Buzuluksky Bor of the Samara Region, in which almost all edible varieties are very plentiful and fruitful, has been considered the most favorite place for mushroom pickers.

Mushroom picking in Vintay, Samara Region

Edible mushrooms of the Samara region

The climate of the region is characterized by rather cold and low snowy winters, short spring periods, hot and dry summers. Temperate continental climate and enough fertile soils contribute to the good growth of mycelium of various edible varieties of mushrooms:

  • boletus or redhead, forming mycorrhiza mainly with aspen, and somewhat less commonly with other deciduous trees. A tubular variety of the second group by nutritional value, with a fleshy, spherical or pillow-shaped, yellowish-red, brownish-red or orange-red hat. The leg is straight and tall, thickened at the base, white with a dark brown scaly pattern;
  • boletus or birchgrowing in birch groves or mixed forests. The tubular appearance differs at first in a spherical, and then flattening, whitish-brown, brownish-brown or dark brownish hat and a denser, slightly thin, slightly thickened in the lower part, covered with a blackish and frequent scaly leg pattern;

  • oilerbelonging to the group of tubular mushrooms of the second category. It grows most often in pine plantations and spruce forests. It has a fleshy, semicircular, sometimes mucous, reddish-brown hat of light yellow color. A characteristic feature is the presence on the short leg of a white film in the form of a ring;
  • honey mushroom from the group of lamellar fruit bodies and belonging to the first category in nutritional value, grow in whole groups, located on old decaying stumps and surface roots of trees. They have a round or slightly open head of a copper-brown or beige-brown color. The leg is thin and long enough.

Also in the category of edible and conditionally edible varieties, but with different indicators of nutritional value, are often found in the field of chanterelles, russula and valui, white and black mushrooms, as well as a "noble" and very valuable porcini mushroom or boletus.

Inedible and poisonous mushrooms of the Samara region

Varieties from the inedible category do not contain toxic substances, but have a harsh, too thin or bitter, with an unpleasant odor, pulp. Poisonous species pose the greatest danger to human life and health, therefore, such mushrooms need to be well studied so as not to be confused with edible counterparts.

  • false foam grows in whole groups, favoring decaying birch wood. Unlike edible mushrooms, it is smaller, has a thinner leg, and is also characterized by the absence of a film. The hat is round-flat in shape, grayish-yellow in color, with a red spot in the central part;
  • rhizome russula It belongs to the common lamellar species and has a bright red hat, a very dense and strong structure of the pulp, a fragile white leg. The main difference from the edible swamp russula is the presence of a very burning, even pungent taste and the edges of the hat pressed to the leg of the youngest specimens;

Where to collect honey mushrooms in the Samara region

  • alder fire - Inedible variety, characterized by a low degree of toxicity. Fruit bodies are very similar to edible mushrooms, and the main difference is the growth of exclusively deciduous wood on stumps. In addition, it is stated that small flakes are present on the outside of the cap;
  • comb silverfish, which is a close relative of the poisonous crested umbrella, and is characterized by the presence in the pulp of muscarinic poisons that accumulate in the human body. It differs in the formation of a domed or saucer-shaped hat of whitish-gray staining, as well as a thin leg. A sharp pepper smell and red coloration appear on the cut.

Also inedible and poisonous species include the widespread pale grebe, galerine fringed, as well as fly agaric panther, stinky, gray and red.

Rare mushrooms of Samara

Varieties of mushrooms growing in the Samara region, for the most part, are quite typical for the middle zone of our country. As a rule, there are fruit bodies of waders, butterflies and honey agarics, russula, chanterelles and sows, mushrooms and valuos, as well as various mushrooms, boletus and boletus boletus.

Nevertheless, the soil is favorable for other, rarer species, including expensive truffle or Tuber aestivum. Also in the forests of the region, you can sometimes find another basidial variety - morel. Another very interesting and rather rare mushroom that grows in some places of the region is a blackberry, which can be represented by orange, coral and notched varieties.

What mushrooms grow in the forests of the Samara region

Mushroom picker tips Samara

Forest zones occupy more than 12% of the total area of ​​the region; therefore, about two hundred edible and conditionally edible varieties of mushrooms grow here. It is advisable to go for mushrooms in the early morning hourswhen the fruiting bodies are the strongest and well transported. To collect mushrooms, you need to prepare wicker baskets in which the collected fruit bodies are stacked with the hat down.

Novice mushroom pickers are best “hunted” for tubular species, among which there are practically no toxic species. Such mushrooms are recommended to be collected near the village of Volzhsky Utes or the village of Muranka, Shigonsky district. Mushrooms can be collected in the vicinity of the Vasilyevsky Islands, the village of Kanuevka and Aleksandrovka of the Bezenchuksky district. However, an inexperienced mushroom picker, poorly versed in the types of mushrooms, must be alert for the presence of white or colored milky juice, blue staining on a slice, the presence of a burning taste or an unpleasant odor.


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