Siberian tomatoes for open ground have their own distinctive features. Most of these factors are associated with the peculiarities of the climate in the north of Russia, because the summer here is very short and cool - not every crop can bear fruit in such conditions.
How to choose a variety suitable for Siberia, and which of the tomatoes bear fruit best in this region - in this article.
What to look for when choosing seeds
Going for tomato seeds, you need to know about some of the features of this thermophilic culture. For example, about the timing of ripening or care requirements.
In addition, tomatoes are needed for outdoor cultivation, and these varieties also have their own characteristics.
In general, the requirements for tomato varieties for Siberian beds are as follows:
- Fast ripening - the growing season should be 70 to 100 days. Only in this way will the tomato have time to ripen before the onset of cold August, the spread of late blight and the threat of decay of leaves, stems and fruits in conditions of high humidity.
- Strong stems and a minimum of side shoots with a high growth of the bush. The Siberian summer is characterized by an abundance of precipitation, the predominance of cloudy weather, as a result, too thick plantings will be poorly ventilated, which will lead to decay and infection with other diseases.
- Possibility of tying indeterminate tomatoes. If the purchased tomatoes belong to tall varieties, you need to think in advance about the method of tying them up (this can be a trellis, pegs, supports).
- Resistance to low temperatures is an indispensable quality for the north. Here, most tomatoes are planted only at the beginning of June, since night frosts are possible until this time. And then, during the summer, it is likely that the daily temperature will decrease, sometimes for a long period. Common varieties of tomatoes in such conditions shed their leaves and fruits, and hardened "northerners" do not lose their yield.
- Disease resistance.
- Unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil. As a rule, the soils in the summer cottages of Siberia are not very fertile - you need to choose tomatoes that can grow in such conditions.
- Universal purpose. If in the middle lane or in the south you can grow varieties with different ripening periods, then in the north you will have to limit yourself only to early ripening tomatoes. Therefore, their fruits must be suitable for fresh consumption, and for canning, processing.
Advice! When planting tomatoes for the first time, it is better to choose several different varieties at once. This will increase the chances of a “favorable outcome” of the event.
And next year, the gardener will be able to plant only the most successful varieties.
The tomato belongs to determinant, the height of bushes with strong lateral shoots reaches 40-60 cm. The plant is intended for growing in open ground. The early ripening period makes the tomato of this variety suitable for growing in Siberia. The fruits ripen already on the 85th day after the seeds have been sown for seedlings.
The surface of the tomatoes is smooth, the shape is round. The weight of each tomato can range from 50 to 110 grams. The tomato tastes sweet and sour, its pulp is dense, aromatic. These tomatoes tolerate transportation and long-term storage well.
The fruits of the Dubok variety ripen very amicably and quickly, this allows you to harvest before the onset of cold weather and the development of the most dangerous disease for tomatoes - late blight.
The plant is resistant to cold weather, does not require pinching, so growing tomatoes is quite simple.
Medium-sized tomatoes are great for whole fruit canning, juices and sauces.
A determinate tomato growing to a maximum of 75 cm. No tying or pinching is required for this tomato. The fruits ripen in clusters, each of which contains about 15 tomatoes. The ripening rate is high - from 95 to 100 days.
The fruits ripen together. The greatest advantage of the variety is its high yield, up to 18 kg can be harvested from each square meter, which is a lot for tomatoes in the open field.
This variety is allowed to grow not only with seedlings, but also with seeds sown directly in the garden. With the latter method of cultivation, seeds are sown in the ground after May 5th.
The “Countryman” tomato was originally bred for the regions of Western Siberia, so the culture responds normally to low temperatures, resists most diseases, gives high yields and does not require complex care.
Small fruits can be used for any purpose. They are also great for transport and storage. Tomatoes are allowed to be picked unripe, they ripen well in boxes.
Acclimatized at Siberian breeding stations, the variety can be planted both in greenhouses and in open beds. The plant is of an indeterminate type, reaching a height of more than 160 cm.
A distinctive feature of the Königsberg bushes is their increased yield. The bushes are, as it were, covered with red fruits - with good care, you can get 2-3 buckets of fruit from each powerful bush.
The tomatoes themselves are large, weighing about 300 grams. The shape of the fruit is unusual, eggplant-shaped, elongated. These tomatoes are delicious fresh, they can be canned, used in salads and other dishes.
In cultivating a variety, it is very important to adhere to the planting scheme - there should be no more than three plants per square meter.
Determinant plant (70-140 cm in height) on which fruits ripen in clusters. A distinctive feature of the variety is the unusual color of the fruit, the tomatoes, when ripe, become orange-orange (both inside and outside).
You can grow tomatoes both in the garden and in the greenhouse. The yield of the variety largely depends on the growing conditions. Usually, the bushes have from 7 to 9 brushes, in which fruits of the same size and shape ripen.
The weight of each tomato is about 300 grams, their shape is round, the taste is very sweet. These tomatoes contain a small amount of acids, so they are often used for making diet meals, purees and juices for baby food.
The height of the bushes of this variety is about 1.5 meters. On each plant, about 15 brushes are formed at the same time, and they are formed at once in three pieces, at the same time they are poured and ripened.
The variety is considered to be high yielding. Growing tomato "Olya F1" is still better in a greenhouse, this will increase the yield up to 25 kg per square meter. But in Western Siberia, it is quite possible to plant a tomato in the garden.
The variety is considered ultra-early ripening, so the fruits will have time to ripen before the onset of the night cold. The growing season is from 95 to 100 days.
Tomatoes have the shape of a flattened ball, their surface is even or slightly ribbed. Average weight - about 120 grams. The taste of tomatoes is sweet and sour, aromatic.
Plants are resistant to most diseases, rot and fungi. The bushes tolerate both a sharp cold snap and extreme heat.
The fruits ripen at the same time and very early, yielding the harvest together and in large quantities. These tomatoes are most commonly used in fresh salads and are great for sale.
Unpretentiousness in care, good adaptation to the climatic features of the region make the variety "Olya F1" one of the most suitable for inexperienced gardeners or summer residents of the "weekend".
Medium-sized plants are suitable for growing outdoors and in greenhouses. The variety differs in interesting fruits - rather large tomatoes of an elongated slightly curved shape.
The average weight of tomatoes is 800 grams. Their color is deep crimson. The palatability is high enough, the pulp is firm and sugary. Tomatoes tolerate transportation well and are great for long-term storage.
120 cm bushes need to be tied up and moderately pinned. There are few seeds inside the fruit, they are small enough.
This variety belongs to the Altai breeding group and is relatively new. Bushes grow low (up to 60 cm), with powerful stems and shoots. Each plant is decorated with pink, oval fruits, weighing about 200 grams.
Tomatoes of the "Petrusha gardener" variety are very tasty in any form, they have an appetizing, sugary pulp and a rich "tomato" taste.
The variety is considered medium early, the plants bear fruit at the same time, which is excellent for the climatic features of the Siberian region.
One of the most famous and favorite varieties of gardeners. Bushes are small, determinate type, not strongly branched, slightly leafy. The main stem "adorns" 3-4 inflorescences, each of which consists of 4-8 tomatoes.
It is necessary to plant tomatoes according to a thickened scheme - there should be about 11 plants on each square meter. The variety is intended for growing in the open field, more than 6 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from each meter.
Tomato sows about 115 days after the first shoots appear. The fruits are red, with a glossy surface, elongated, and have a characteristic "nose" at the end. The mass of each tomato can be from 30 to 60 grams. Tomatoes are transportable, tasty, dense, resistant to damage and over-ripening.
The short stature and unpretentiousness of the variety make it suitable for growing in suburban suburban areas. Small fruits are suitable for canning and fresh consumption.
"Siberian early ripening"
Determinant shrubs in the open field must be formed into three stems. Thus, the yield of the variety will be about 1.2 kg from each bush. Bushes are compact, strongly leafy, yielding together.
The fruit is colored red, has the shape of a flattened ball, a smooth surface. Inside, the tomato is divided into several chambers and has a large percentage of dry matter in its composition. This provides the tomatoes with good keeping quality and transportability.
Tomatoes treat the cold well, but they are still "afraid" of some diseases.
This variety is one of the most beloved and demanded in Siberia. Due to the fact that the harvest ripens quickly, and the plants themselves are resistant to cold weather, tomatoes can be grown in the harsh climate of Siberia, even in open beds.
Super early ripening tomato of determinant type, belongs to new varieties. The fruits ripen on the 95th day after disembarkation. Bushes are ordinary, undersized - up to 40 cm tall, do not require pinching and shaping.
Tomatoes are smooth, round, red. Each weighs about 150 grams. Tomatoes taste good and have a firm flesh. Suitable for conservation and processing.
The variety is intended for planting in central or northern Russia, tolerates low temperatures well, does not suffer from late blight.
The Snegiri tomato grown in Siberia can be harvested as early as the 20th of July.
The plant is indeterminate, tall, slightly leafy. In each of the bunches, up to 20 fruits are ripening at the same time. Moreover, the tomatoes are quite large, their weight is from 110 to 150 grams.
The shape of the tomatoes is pear-shaped; longitudinal ribs can be seen on their surface. The color of the fruit is red, the taste is excellent.
The variety is very much in demand, even the bushes themselves are of a certain value - they are quite spectacular, they can decorate any site or garden. The main advantage of the Red Truffle tomato is that it is not affected by late blight at all, and can also withstand a temperature drop of up to 2 degrees without losing yield.
You can grow these tomatoes right up to the first frost, fruits that did not have time to ripen can be harvested and left to ripen. Tomatoes can be kept fresh until New Years. Most often, the fruits of this variety are used for fresh canning.
The variety is intended for planting in open ground or temporary film shelters. The bushes grow up to only 40 cm, so they do not require tying. You won't have to grow these tomatoes either, the plant forms on its own.
The ripeness of the tomato begins already on the 70-75th day after the seedlings have been sown. Such a ripening rate provides high yields of early vegetables, allows tomatoes to avoid "meeting" late blight, which spreads after harvest.
The fruit is colored bright red, has a round shape, smooth surface, weighing about 100 grams. Tomatoes are intended for salads and fresh consumption.
Advice! The soil for planting tomatoes must be prepared in the fall. When choosing a site for tomatoes, it is better to give preference to the one where legumes, cabbage, carrots, onions or cucumbers grew in the current season.
Standard bush, slightly branched, about 45 cm high. The variety is intended for open ground, can grow in Siberia. Tomatoes do not need pinching and tying, which greatly simplifies their care.
Tomatoes ripen very quickly - after 84 days, ripe fruits can be found on the bushes. Tomatoes are small (about 50 grams), smooth, plum-shaped, red. They are distinguished by good taste, ability to transport, long-term storage.
The fruiting period is extended, which allows you to feast on fresh vegetables until the late-ripening varieties ripen. Plants perfectly tolerate low temperatures, do not need complicated care, therefore they are suitable even for novice gardeners.
Small tomatoes look great in small jars.
What is the power of tomatoes
As you know, tomatoes are a storehouse of vitamins and useful microelements. And this is especially important for the Siberian regions, where not all vegetables and fruits can grow.
Eating a tomato from his garden, a person can be sure that his body will receive the necessary dose of vitamins of group A, carotene, amino acids, vitamin C, several microelements.
All these "usefulness" can be preserved for a long time. For this, tomatoes are preserved in their whole form, pickled, added to canned salads, processed into juices, mashed potatoes, sauces. All this is not only healthy, but also incredibly tasty!
Choosing the right tomato variety will provide the whole family with essential vitamins. For Siberia, you need to choose only special varieties of tomatoes that can withstand the harsh local climate.