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Late peach varieties

Late peach varieties


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Peach varieties are of the widest variety. Recently the assortment has been increasing due to the use of different types of rootstocks. Frost-resistant trees have been bred that grow and bear fruit in the Moscow region.

Variety of peach varieties

Owners of backyard plots are amazed at the sea of ​​peach varieties, which differ in shape, smell, color or ripening time, height and structure of the crown, and growing conditions. Pomologists distinguish peach trees by the appearance of their fruits and divide them into 4 categories:

  1. Real peaches include plants that have pubescence on their fruits and the stone can be freely removed. Separately, a group of pavia is distinguished - the bone does not separate, but the skin is pubescent.
  2. Fruits with a smooth skin and an easily separable stone are nectarines. Those from which the bone cannot be removed are brunions.
  3. Potanin's wild peach has a low crown, up to 2 m.
  4. Fig or Fergana peach with flattened fruits. The name is given because of the similarity to figs.

New trees appear in each group every year. Modern breeding is aimed at breeding frost-resistant or drought-resistant, columnar and dwarf trees. The culture differs in terms of ripening. Decorative specimens with burgundy or reddish leaves are popular.

When the peaches ripen

Peach trees bloom and bear fruit over extended periods. The early ones enter the flowering phase in April-May, but by their properties they withstand spring return frosts down to -7.5 ° C. Such varieties are planted in the middle climatic zone, as well as in the Urals and Siberia. The fruits ripen in a short warm season until mid-July, early August.

Many representatives of the group of mid-season plants are frost-hardy. The ripening period for peaches is from August 10-12 until the end of the month. They are often grown in different regions of Russia, placed in cozy, wind-protected areas.

Late varieties are intended only for the North Caucasus region or the south of Crimea. Ripen from early September to October. In colder climates, the peach varieties for the south do not pick up sweetness until frost.

Classification of peach varieties by ripening dates

By the time of ripeness of fruits, peach trees are divided into early, mid-ripening, late.

Early peach varieties

Early ripe plants bear fruit from 2-3 years. In the conditions of most regions of Russia, it is necessary to plant zoned peaches. There are many European varieties that ripen in early summer, in June, but they may not take root in the continental climate, but only in the southern regions. Frost-resistant representatives are popular, fast-growing and possessing endurance to pathogens of characteristic diseases. Gardeners will be able to navigate the peach varieties with photos and descriptions.

Variety Fluffy Early withstands frosts down to - 28 ° C, is not very susceptible to diseases, zoned for the North Caucasus. The skin is creamy greenish with a blush, the flesh is whitish, sweet and aromatic, satisfactory in taste. Oval-rounded fruits weigh up to 100 g, ripen in July.

The name itself - Dagestan gold - speaks of the preferred growing area. Bright yellow fruits with a blush weigh 130 g, ripen together from July 15-20, are transportable. After frost break, the tree is restored for 2-3 years, it is resistant to curl.

Breeders of a neighboring country bred the early Kazakhstani peach, it bears fruit since June 25: spherical, pink-burgundy, weighing 80-120 g, with a harmonious taste. The plant is unpretentious, tolerates frost, is not very susceptible to diseases.

The fruits of Kiev early are feasted on from July 3-6 in the south, from 15 - in the middle lane. Cream peaches weighing from 60 to 100 g are very aromatic, with sweet light pulp. Plants tolerate frosts down to -20 ° C, they are affected by powdery mildew. Trees grow quickly and recover well after pruning.

The round fruits of the White Swan weigh 150-200 g, for dessert purposes, they ripen from mid-August. The skin is soft yellow, ruddy on one side. The sweet pulp is light creamy. Drought-resistant and winter-hardy peaches. Flowers tolerate slight frosts.

Important! Many peach seedlings tolerate frost, but are afraid of drafts. They are planted on a site where there is protection from the north - a building or a high fence.

Medium ripening peach varieties

Fruits of mid-season varieties are ready for harvest from August 10-15 to September. Trees bear fruit from 3-4 years of growth.

Peach Cardinal grows short, with a compact crown. Belongs to varieties of large varieties of peaches: large fruits, 200-240 g, with yellow-red skin, bright pulp. The taste is delicate, slightly fibrous. The tasters gave them 5 points. The tree gives up to 44 kg of yield, tolerates frosts down to -27 ° C, but does not withstand frost well, is slightly damaged by diseases. The variety ripens from August 10-14.

Peaches of the Stavropol pink variety, weighing 110-140 g, ripen from August 15-20. Rounded in shape, light yellow with a red half. Juicy white pulp, delicate in taste. The plant is not tall, the crown is dense. Resists curliness, powdery mildew, clasterosporium disease. Bred for the south of Russia, these peaches ripen well in the Crimea.

The Vavilovsky variety is adapted for cultivation not only in the southern regions, but also in the central ones. Very winter-hardy, medium early, ripens by the end of July. The dessert direction was rated 4.8 points. Average weight 250-300 g, outside and inside a pleasant yellow color, juicy and sweet. A medium-sized tree has a relative resistance to fungal infections.

More than a third of the fruits of the Ambassador of Peace variety are colored carmine. They weigh 120-160 g, round, juicy and tasty. Delicate and sweet, yellow flesh with a pleasant fibrous texture. They ripen by mid-August. The trees are resistant to disease and frost, and withstand droughts. Flower buds tolerate spring frosts.

A juicy fruit widely known for its bright fruits, weighing 150-200 g, colored three-quarters with a muted carmine shade. It ripens by the end of July, very tasty. Fruits are firm, with a prominent juice. The stone is large, poorly separated. Plants are tall, productive, yield 60-70 kg. Flower buds endure frosts.

Late peaches

Fruiting from the fifth year of growth, are intended for the southern regions, not higher than the Rostov region, since all varieties are filled with sweetness only by mid-September or early October. Late varieties of peaches develop well in Crimea.

The Jaminat variety ripens during the first half of September. Oval, large fruits weighing 140-160 g are sweet, a pleasant sour taste is felt. The cover is deep red, inside is a soft yellow tint. Maturation is amicable, the plant is resistant to infections, it is recommended for industrial cultivation.

Irganai late, like Jaminat, is the result of the work of Dagestan breeders, resistant to fungi. The same medium-sized tree, at the same time yields fruits weighing 150 g from the beginning of September. They are painted in a warm yellow shade with a wide blush. The yellow flesh is sweet, with a slight pleasant sourness. The bone is easily detached.

Frost peach of American selection, large-fruited - up to 200 g, and fruitful. It can be recommended for the group of peach varieties for the Chernozem region, because, according to reviews, it can withstand frosts from 26 to 32 ° C, it will sing in September. It is versatile in use, but American gardeners advise using it for jams due to its fibrous texture.

The old Elbert variety, also from the USA, is stable, vigorous and large-fruited - up to 150 g. The skin is ruddy with a yellow background. The shape is oval, with an elongated sharp nose. The sweet pulp refreshes with a pleasant sourness. Ripens quite early for late-maturing species - from August 25-28.

Popular peach varieties

The well-known and hardy species are usually distributed among gardeners. A photo of peach varieties with a name and description will help you navigate the variety of plants.

Frost-resistant peach varieties

Trees that recover well after a frosty winter were bred in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and the USA.

The mid-early peach Novoselkovsky tolerates frosts up to 28 ° C, in case of lower temperatures, the flower buds die, but the wood is restored over time. Little susceptible to fungal pathogens. Ripening occurs at the end of July. Fruits 50-60 g each, with a whitish-creamy cover and the same pulp.

Peach of Crimean selection Zolotaya Moskva with late flowering can withstand frost up to 18 ° C, wood can be restored. Unassuming, drought tolerant, resistant to powdery mildew. Belongs to the large-fruited category - 140-180 g. Ripening by mid-August.

Sibiryak wood endures 20-degree frosts. A mid-ripening, productive plant quickly increases the mass of shoots, bears fruit from the third year. The fruits ripen during August: small, 25-40 g, quite tasty, juicy, sweet-sour.

The winter-hardy Saturn of the USA selection is not afraid of frosts down to -27 ° C. A vigorous peach from the group of fig cultivars, fruitful, ripens by the end of summer. Care includes bending powerful branches to the ground. Flat-round fruits are red-yellow on top, with a creamy shade on the inside. Juicy, sweet, the stone is difficult to separate.

Shrub varieties of peaches

In areas of the middle lane, it is recommended to form any peach plant with a bush. Leave 8-11 shoots, periodically replacing them with new ones. Shrub peach is easier to cover in frosty winters.

Resistant variety Voronezh bush bred by amateur breeders, suitable for regions with a cool short summer. The bush is compact, 1.5-2 m high. The branches lean to the ground, in severe winters they are pinned and covered, although the tree is not afraid of frosts down to -35 ° C. Ripens in August, from the 2nd year of growth, fruits 90-120 g - juicy, tasty.

Bush peach, winter-hardy and hardy, grown in Belarus and northern Ukraine. Resistant to fungal pathogens. It ripens from August 20, weighing 80-110 g. Fruits are oblong, creamy yellow, with a blush, pleasant to the taste.

Important! The peach formed by the bush does not suffer so much from frost and recovers better.

Dwarf peach varieties

Low-growing peaches, up to 2-2.5 m, are derived from the fig group. Species grafted on modern dwarf rootstocks, which are labeled with the term Nano, grow up to 1.5-2 m.

Balconella is a mid-season variety, both dwarf and columnar. Although there are instances with a spherical crown. It grows up to 1.2-1.5 m. Ripens in August, peaches weigh 90-145 g, 5-6 cm in diameter, tasty, juicy.

Bonanza, up to 1.5 m tall after 10 years of growth, is grown in Europe and America to decorate patios. They are planted in tubs with a volume of 10-30 liters, providing sun, watering and fertilizers. The variety gives up to 4.5 kg of fruits weighing up to 100 g, sweet and juicy.

Steinberg columnar peach 1.8-2 m high, fruitful and mid-season. Resistant to fungal diseases. Produces large oval fruits from the next year after planting for 15 years: weight 140-205 g, with yellow juicy and tasty pulp.

Sweet Kap is a winter-hardy variety, withstands up to - 23 ° C, rises to 2-3.5 m. The harvest is friendly, fruits up to 140 g, sour-sweet, with a refreshing, pleasant aftertaste. The skin is red-burgundy, the flesh is whitish.

The varieties of the Italian selection called Ufo contain a whole series numbered from 1 to 12. The most popular are Ufo 2, 3, 4 and 5. Typical low height of the fig group. The peaches are burgundy or red with a slight yellow background on the outside and creamy white on the inside, sweet. Weight 100-110 g.

Important! Dwarf and columnar varieties need careful care. Their small root system needs aeration, watering and feeding.

Red-leaved peaches

Trees with burgundy-red leaves for decorative purposes are bred on the material of Pissard's cherry plum, which is inherent in this shade.

Peach Negus bears fruit and adorns the yard with reddish-purple leaves. It grows up to 3-4 m, on low-growing rootstocks - 2 m. Frost-resistant, not affected by scab. It ripens by the end of July, fruits without pubescence, burgundy, sweet and sour.

The Burgundy variety ripens from August 10-15, weight up to 150 g, pink skin color. They are planted because of decorative burgundy leaves, which by autumn acquire a light green hue, with red veins. The tree is winter-hardy, up to - 25 ° C, 3-4 m high, the crown is round.

Red-leaved nectarines Medvedevsky 1 and 2 are frost-resistant and hardy varieties of Ukrainian selection. Up to 3-4 m high, with a slightly spreading crown, winter-hardy, mid-season, ripens from the beginning of August. Fruit weight 140-180 g, red-yellow skin and yellow pulp: juicy and sweet. The bone is separated.

American peach varieties

Usually trees are distinguished by large fruits with high commercial qualities.

The mid-early, long-bred (1940) Redhaven peach is the most famous and still has industrial value. The tree is vigorous, 5 m tall, drought-resistant, frost-resistant - up to - 25 ° C, blooms late. Resistant to clasterosporium disease and powdery mildew, curliness is affected. The fruits are tasty, 170-250 g. Productivity from 11 years old - 100 kg.

One of the best late varieties is the frost-resistant Fleming Fury. Wood tolerates up to - 28 ° C. Ripens from mid-September: large-fruited orange-colored peaches, which are covered with a pomegranate blush, weigh 200-300 g, are stored for a week. We got 5 points to taste.

Early ripe Greensboro is harvested from the beginning of August. Oval fruits up to 120 g covered with greenish-red skin, strongly pubescent. The inside is also greenish-creamy, juicy, sweet and sour, and aromatic. There is resistance to frost and klyasterosporiosis.

The mid-season Golden Jubilee was bred almost 100 years ago, but it is popular among gardeners in the south of our country. A variety with medium frost resistance, vigorous, rises up to 4-5 m, large-fruited - 125-170 g. On a golden ruddy skin there is slight pubescence, the flesh is tender, tasty.

Important! Many peaches are self-pollinated but are planted in groups for better yields.

New varieties of peach

The goal of modern breeders is high consumer qualities of fruits and winter hardiness of wood. Self-fertile Canadian varieties are popular today.

The early vigorous Harbinger ripens from the beginning of July. Weight 80-90 g, the skin is ruddy, but muted tones. Peaches are juicy, sweet, aromatic, transportable. The wood is frost-resistant, flower buds can suffer from frost.

Fast-growing Harrow Diamond is hardy (-28 ° C). Round-oval fruits weigh 90-200 g, also low-saturated in color, with orange, sweet and sour pulp. Suitable for transportation. Ripen in July, need normalization.

Winter-hardy early Harnas produces attractive, bright ruddy fruits, ripening from the beginning of August. The variety differs in that rounded peaches weighing 100-155 g do not fall off. The taste is excellent, the pits are easily separated.

The American industrial variety Royal Majestic is winter hardy, large-fruited (over 200 g) and early ripening from mid-July. The globular fruits are completely covered with a thick blush. Delicious, tasty and transportable. The tree is not susceptible to disease.

The best varieties of peaches for different regions of Russia

Peaches are a southern crop, and all varieties thrive and bear fruit in southern Russia. Late species are planted here, which ripen until October.

Peach varieties for the middle strip

For the weather conditions of the middle lane, varieties are chosen:

  • early ones, having time to give the harvest in the warm season;
  • winter hardy and quickly regenerating wood;
  • late blooming, when the threat of frost goes away.

Such qualities are possessed by varieties Kremlin, Golden Moscow, Voronezh bush, Veteran, Novoselkovsky, Jelgavsky, Lesostepnoy early, Favorite Morettini, Madeleine Pouillet, Frost, Fury, Kiev early, Juicy, Winter-hardy, Donskoy, Greensboro, Redhaven, Collins and others. The trees are planted in a sheltered and sunny location from the north. In the first 2-3 winters, seedlings are necessarily sheltered, erecting a kind of tent over the tree and around it.

Peaches: varieties for the south of Russia

All types of crops are grown in the southern gardens, except tropical ones. Popular are those that bear fruit late and are highly marketable: Autumn Blush, Irganaysky late, Jaminat, as well as Dagestan golden, Fluffy early, Solnechny, Sovetsky, News of the steppe, Sunrise, all nectarines and others.

Advice! Peaches are planted in alkaline loams, arranging drainage and filling the nutrient soil with fertilizers.

Peach varieties for the Kuban

The current varieties of peaches for the Krasnodar Territory are those that tolerate frost and are not affected by diseases. Resistant to curl Airlired, Stark Red Gold, Springtime, Sunhaven, Redhaven, Madeleine Pouillet, Early Kubani. The best varieties are zoned: Autumn Blush, Velvet Season, Early Kuban, Pamyat Simirenko, Favorite Moretini, Springold, Collins, as well as fig peaches.

Crimean varieties of peaches

Judging by the description from the photo of peach varieties in Crimea, the same disease-resistant and frost-resistant species are popular here. Trees thrive in areas with sandy loam soils, protected from northern winds. The Crimean peaches include the zoned varieties of the Nikitsky Botanical Gardens: Kremlin, Golden Moscow, Juicy, Fluffy early, Krasnoshekiy, Krasnaya Devitsa, Tourist. Among others: Fairy Tale, Soviet, Frant, Favorite Morettini, Redhaven, Veteran, Greensboro, Cardinal, Golden Jubilee. They grow nectarines Lola, Evpatoria, Kiev.

The best varieties of peaches for the Moscow region

Zoned trees, formed in the form of a bush, take root well in this region. Those varieties are planted that can withstand frosts down to -25 ° C, with late flowering, quickly recovering wood. Early and mid-ripening fruits ripen here: Donskoy frost-resistant, White swan, Greensboro, Favorite Morettini, Kiev early, Redhaven; columnar frost-resistant - early Honey, mid-season Steinberg; disease resistant nectarines Redgold, Big Top, Crimson Gold.

Self-fertile peach varieties - myth or reality

Productivity is enhanced if cross-pollination occurs between trees planted in a group. Self-pollinated varieties give a large harvest of fruits even when they grow alone. For the Moscow region, self-fertile peach varieties are more profitable, since it is easier to work in a similar climate with one plant. Popular:

  • frost-resistant variety Zolotaya Moskva;
  • Crimean mid-season grade Skazka;
  • Disease Resistant Golden Jubilee - For the South;
  • fruitful early Harnas;
  • mid-season frost-resistant Volcano with dense fruits (Canadian Tward Tardiv series);
  • mid-season winter-hardy Inka.

Conclusion

Peach varieties are selected by region, guided by their qualities and ripening times. There are unpretentious trees that give a good harvest. Uncomplicated care and compliance with the requirements of agricultural technology will ensure the successful development of plants.

Testimonials

Olga Sergeevna Nagoneva, 45 years old, Moscow

A self-fertile variety White Swan is growing in the country. On the advice of us, it is formed by a bush, the branches grow up to 1.5-2.5 m per season. We covered the first two winters, then we just wrap the stems from rodents. The winters went through well. It has been bearing fruit for several years. Satisfied with sweet dessert fruits.

Yulia Leonidovna Starkova, 29 y., Voronezh region

There are 2 bushes of Voronezh bush peach in our garden. In the village, the variety is widespread, cold-resistant. Although there are peach trees, they suffer more from frost. The bush looks spectacular both in spring and summer. Two years later, for the winter, we feed it with humus, it bears fruit abundantly.

Irina Nikolaevna Bakulina, 38 years old, Samara.

We know that peaches rarely take root in our area, so we chose the columnar European variety Steinberg. The seedling was ordered by mail. We grow on the terrace in a tub. For the winter, we bring it into a room where there is frost, but not the same as outside. This year there was one signal fruit, weighing 97 g, beautiful and tasty.


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