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Forsythia, or Forsythia, can be found in many corners of the globe. Virtually no city in Western Europe can do without this tree with a long history: in early spring, Forsythia adorns the streets with its bright yellow-gold inflorescences densely covering the branches. The article is dedicated to gardeners who want to provide the beauty with the best conditions for wintering.
Forsythia winter hardiness
One of the most important characteristics of any perennial is its ability to tolerate low temperatures. In the case of foresight, an unambiguous conclusion cannot be drawn, since the species is represented by several breeding varieties, the winter hardiness of which varies. The most hardy are Forsythia Ovoid (Oval), Siebold and Poniklaya. The remaining subspecies are not sufficiently resistant to frost and snow, therefore, they need additional preparatory procedures before the onset of cold weather. Winter hardiness of some other varieties:
- Forsythia European is not suitable for central Russia; in winter it needs a room that does not freeze;
- Forsythia Giralda - came from North China. This variety can be grown without insulation only in the southern part of Russia;
- Forsythia is average - it is often bred in the middle lane with a temperate climate, but it does not differ in high frost resistance. To prevent the death of plants, it is placed in a cool place in a large pot;
- Forsythia Zelenejshaya - suitable for cultivation exclusively in the southern regions.
Almost all species, even winter-resistant, need shelter for the period of cold weather, if we are talking about regions such as Siberia and the Urals.
Forsythia propagation technology by cuttings in autumn
The motley blooming beauty can be propagated in various ways, but the most effective of them is cuttings. The procedure can be performed in summer, spring or autumn. Consider the autumn method, since next spring you will be pleased with young seedlings.
To propagate forsythia by cuttings, in October it is necessary to cut off sufficiently mature, lignified processes about 20 cm long, stick them into the ground (10 cm deep) and cover with dry leaves or spruce branches. The probability that the seedlings will give roots is not one hundred percent, but it is quite high, and some of the cuttings must be rooted in the soil. The advantage of the method is that already in the third year of life, the foresight will please the owner of the site with its bright flowering, while seedlings grown from seeds bloom only in the fourth or fifth year of their life.
How to care for forsythia
Features of care for forsia in the fall
Despite the fact that Forsythia is generally not a very fastidious plant, it, like any other inhabitant of the garden, should pay attention and take care that the shrub does not grow too much and does not die in the first winter. Autumn procedures for preparing Forsythia for the cold will not take much timebut will prevent a possible sad outcome for the plant.
Preparing for the winter of young shrubs
Recently planted plants are quite vulnerable, even if they are hardy varieties. Like adult shrubs, they need thorough preparation for the winter season, without which the chances of survival are close to zero. In the first year of life, pruning is not required. - This will save you a lot of time. A mandatory procedure is to mulch the basal area with humus and shelter the bushes.
You can cover young Forsythia with spruce branches or with any covering material, the main thing is to cover the whole plant as a whole, and not just the roots. To do this, you first need to bend the branches to the ground and pin them, and then proceed to cover. Remember: for these purposes, you can not use an airtight plastic film, otherwise you risk depriving the plant of flowering due to the fact that the buds can vypryat during the thaw. In extreme cases, forzition under such material can rot.
Now you can be calm - under a layer of leaves and snow, Forsythia is not afraid of any cold!
Forsythia Timing and Trimming Scheme in Autumn
For such decorative shrubs as Forsythia, pruning is a mandatory procedure, since it is common for a plant to grow quite quickly and lose its beautiful shape. In addition, pruning is necessary for all sick, frozen, dry and improperly growing branches. Autumn pruning is usually done to remove excess and damaged shoots. It must be carried out as early as possible so that the places of the cuts can be tightened before the onset of cold weather. In addition, beware of overdoing it - the plant after such procedures noticeably weakens, and the fewer branches you remove, the easier it will be to winter.
Attention! Treat pruning with caution and responsibility. If you get carried away by this occupation and strive to rejuvenate the plant as often as possible, then the bush will grow well and actively, but you will hardly see inflorescences on it.
How to form a Forsythia crown
Shelter and mulching of trunks
Forsythia shrubs of any age and grade require additional insulation for the winter season. First you should mulch the near-stem region with humus - the layer should be at least 10 cm. Then you can proceed to shelter the bush. As in the case of young plants, the branches need to be bent down firmly to the ground - it is better to do this before the onset of frost, otherwise the branches will be stubborn - and then cover the whole bush with fir branches, dry foliage or any artificial breathable material. Due to the fact that in winter the plant will be protected by a built shelter and a layer of snow, it will successfully endure frosts. In spring, all the covering material is removed, the branches rise back - and the shrub is ready for flowering again!
Please note that even those varieties of forsythia that are considered frost-resistant should be sheltered for winter time - no one can predict in advance what winter will be, and it is better to play it safe than to find out in spring that half of the branches of the bush have frozen out.
Watering and feeding
Forsythia is extremely undemanding in relation to watering and does not tolerate waterlogging, so in autumn you can hardly worry about it. It will be enough to water the plant abundantly once a month, 10-12 liters of water for each bush will go to this procedure. Water procedures should be carried out a little more often, if the foresight is planted on the sand - it passes moisture worse. As for fertilizers, then in the fall it is worth making 70 g per 1 sq. Km. meter of the mineral complex before mulching trunks circles with humus or fallen leaves.
Many gardeners, trying to strengthen the bush before hibernation, feed it in late summer or early autumn with a mixture of high potassium and phosphorus.
Forsythia is a wonderful plant that is appreciated by gardeners around the world for its high decorative qualities. The bush does not lose its attractiveness even in autumn: its leaves are painted in an unusual purple, crimson or bright yellow hue that looks great in various flower arrangements. Nevertheless, it must be remembered that without your help a plant can die in a harsh winter.