Often in garden plots you can find jasmine (mock orange), since it easily tolerates frosts, lack of light, grows quickly, is well received after transplantation and does not make it difficult to care for. In addition, jasmine exudes an amazing aroma.
Rules for caring for jasmine in the fall
Deciduous shrubs are usually used for landscaping. In nature, there are more than fifty species of garden jasmine and a large number of cultivars.
How to fertilize jasmine in the fall
A flowering plant is not demanding on soil characteristics, but in the absence of nutrients and insufficient air and moisture permeability, its growth and flowering will become noticeably worse. Heavy clay soil should be supplemented with powerful drainage. To replace part of sand of sandy loamy composition with garden soil.
Experts recommend feeding jasmine no more than once per decade. Organic and mineral fertilizers must be applied during the year. Best in liquid form. Feeding the plant with mineral-containing products should begin in the third year after planting.
In autumn, after flowering is completed, jasmine needs top dressing, which will give strength for a successful wintering. It is necessary to prepare a mixture of the following substances:
- wood ash (100 g);
- potassium sulfate (15 g);
- superphosphate (25 g).
To obtain a lush color, jasmine should be fertilized with organic compounds. Under each plant make a manure diluted in a proportion of 1:10. After flowering is over, it is necessary to sprinkle 20 - 25 g (1 tablespoon) of superphosphate and 10 - 15 g of potassium sulfate per square meter on the surface of the earth. meter. Mineral fertilizers under mockworm are introduced in September. If granules are used, they should be scattered in moist soil and compacted a little.
How to prune jasmine
Jasmine Autumn Watering Regime
Chubushnik is very demanding on the presence of moisture. It is impossible to prevent its dehydration, and also to ensure that water does not stagnate. Special it is important to adhere to the watering schedule before flowering shrubs.
Yellowed and sluggish leaves indicate a lack of moisture in the soil. Watering should be abundant, but do not flood the plant. Water must first be defended. It must be warm, otherwise jasmine can get sick. Since the end of July, watering of the bush has been reduced. It is required to pay attention to the condition of the earth so that it does not dry out, but it is important not to flood the bush. After each watering, the soil surface needs to be loosened and weeds removed as they grow. Rhizomatous weeds, such as leeks and dandelions, act especially negatively on jasmine.
Autumn jasmine pruning scheme and technology for beginners
A dense crown of a bush requires regular pruning, which is done every year, otherwise the old branches will suppress young shoots, and the shape of the bush will take on a sloppy appearance. The most suitable time for the procedure is autumn. During this period, the vegetation ends, and the plant prepares for winter rest. An important condition for autumn pruning is that the temperature should be above -10 ºC, otherwise fragile wood will be easily injured under the influence of frost.
Tools required for work:
- saws and hacksaws;
- putties (special preparations sold in specialized retail outlets, garden var) that protect the shrub from drying out and infections in the places of cut.
Pruning is done to achieve two goals: shortening (creating a bush form, regulating flowering, limiting intensive growth) and thinning (rejuvenation and sanitation). In autumn, thinning of the plant or its rejuvenation is performed.
As a result of pruning, the plant is freed from old, twisted, dried and diseased branches. Rejuvenation of the crown leads to the active growth of abundantly flowering branches. Neglect of the procedure threatens that after a couple of years, jasmine will cease to bloom.
How to breed mock up
Features of propagation of jasmine by cuttings in autumn
Chubushnik can be propagated in three ways: using seeds, cuttings and division. Since the propagation of cuttings by shrubs is easiest, especially for a novice gardener, this method is most popular.
Principles of Jasmine Cherenkovanie
Propagation by green cuttings guarantees absolute rooting. But you can use lignified cuttings, the rooting method of which is identical to green cuttings.
After the growing season, it is necessary to choose a developed, but not very wide shoot, because putrefactive bacteria can develop in the hollow core, which will lead to the death of the cuttings. An annual escape is best. Cutting the cuttings is recommended along with a small piece of old wood. It is undesirable to take branches with long internodes. On one 5-centimeter shank there should be 1-2 internodes and 2-3 pairs of leaflets. For planting material to better take root, from below the cut should be oblique, and above the kidney straight.
In spring, the prepared material must be removed from the storage sites, cut the cuttings and planted for rooting, previously treated with special stimulants.
Storage of cuttings until spring
To save the cuttings until spring, they can be dug in an open area or placed in wet sand and stored in the basement, where the ambient temperature is close to zero.
It is necessary to plant the material in early spring, after having done small recesses with a thin stick. Cuttings should be placed obliquely, deepening to the level of the upper kidneys. To improve contact with the soil, the handle should be gently squeezed with your fingers.
After 1-1.5 months, the first roots will appear. After the growth of the shoots begins, the cuttings should be spudded. During the warm period, they need special care. Young seedlings need watering, cultivating and removing weeds. By the fall, you may notice the appearance of a fibrous root system.
At the onset of cold weather, seedlings need to be dug, and in the spring, to form a shoot, cut the aerial part into a stump. In early autumn, drop off to a permanent place.
How to prepare jasmine for winter
Many varieties of mock orange do not require special preparation for winter, because even in the case of freezing of annual shoots, after spring processing, the crown will be restored. Adult specimens tolerate low temperatures well.
Young seedlings are less resistant to winter cold. Shrubs with an age of less than a year, with a strong cooling, must be covered. As a heater, any covering material and a rope for fixing are suitable.
The earth around the plant must be dug up and covered with mulch. You can use garden compost, paws of coniferous trees or fallen needles, manure. These simple actions will save the root system from freezing.
How to care for mock
Jasmine is suitable for inexperienced gardeners or for those who cannot spend a lot of time caring for the garden. In order to grow a spectacular flowering shrub that will decorate a personal plot, you should follow a few simple rules for planting and caring for it. Jasmine is very beautiful not only during flowering, but also in the autumn.