Advice

Sweet cherry Favorite Astakhov


Cherry Astakhova belongs to the northern varieties. The aim of the selection was to create cherries that are resistant to the harsh climate. The gardeners succeeded in full measure: the combination of sweetness characteristic of the varieties of the south, high immunity to diseases and resistance to cold make the Lyubimitsa Astakhova variety the optimal choice for the central territories of the country.

Breeding history of the variety

Breeder M. V. Kanshina is the creator of the sweet cherry Lyubimitsa Astakhova, gave her the name in honor of her husband A. I. Astakhov The bred variety belongs to the northern group: resistant to winters, highly productive. The final work was carried out in the 70s under the guidance of prof. A. N. Venyaminov in Bryansk. The Lyubimitsa Astakhova variety was created on the basis of selected samples of hybrids, and its genotype was formed under the influence of Voronezh and Leningrad selections. In the State Register since 2011.

Description of the cherry variety Lyubimitsa Astakhova

The main indicators of Lyubimitsa Astakhov are presented in the table:

Regions

Regions for Astakhov's cherries

Central, but also feels great in the Non-Black Earth Region, in the Southern Urals.

Wood

Trunk

Average growth rate;

Height 3.5 - 4 m.

Bark

Intense gray, closer to dark, with slight peeling;

after shedding of leaves - strongly silvery.

Leaves

Matte green;

medium, long, elliptical, pointed with jagged edges.

Flowers, fruits

Bouquet twigs;

three saucer-shaped flowers in an inflorescence and a cup in the form of a glass.

Crown

Sprawling, medium density, round-oval.

Escapes

Below located horizontally, naked, brown-gray. Closer to the top are inclined and brown.

Formation

Trimming, create tiers

Fruit

The size

Middle

The form

Oval

The weight

4-5 g, up to a maximum of 8 g.

Skin

Dark red, in ripe fruits closer to black-burgundy, smooth, with a sheen, subcutaneous points are absent.

Pulp, juice

Painted brightly;

the pulp has elasticity, fleshy, rich in juice, with an easily detachable bone.

Taste

Sweet, like the best varieties in the south, rated by tasters 4.5 to 4.8 out of 5.

Variety characteristics

The description of the variety includes several points of characteristics, all of them taken together and constitute the advantages and disadvantages of Astakhov's cherries.

Winter hardiness of cherries Lyubimitsa Astakhova

Increased resistance to frost and cold. The Lyubimitsa Astakhova variety was specially created in a harsh climate. Nevertheless, for better yield, it is advisable to plant it in places with protection from the wind; it is recommended to create protective fences from the north and south sides.

Cherry pollinators Lyubimitsa Astakhova

The variety is partially self-pollinating, so the presence of pollinating trees near the trees is mandatory, since there are very few ovaries without them. In extreme cases, cherries blooming at the same time as Astakhova's Lyubimitsa are suitable as pollinators.

Advice! The recommended distance from Astakhov's cherries is 7–10 m. In case of cross-pollination, it is better to plant 2-3 different varieties. To save space on the site, sometimes a pollinator cuttings are grafted into its crown.

Dates of flowering and fruiting of pollinators for cherries Lyubimitsa Astakhova:

Variety

Flowering / fruiting

Kid

Starting May 10 / Mid-July

Tyutchevka

End of May / end of July

Iput

End of March / beginning of summer

Red hill

Early May / Mid June

Ovstuzhenka

Second decade of May / mid-summer

Raditsa

End of March / beginning of summer

Large-fruited

End of May / end of summer

Jealous

Mid May / July

Productivity and fruiting

The flowering time of Astakhov's Favorite is May. Fruiting begins in the 5th year. Ripening period is medium late (beginning - mid-July).

Attention! The yield of Astakhov's cherries is closer to high indicators: an adult sweet cherry gives 10 kg of berries. Fruiting is regular, there is no dependence on the frequency.

Scope of berries

The use of Astakhov's favorite berries is universal. The safety during transportation is good, as the fruits are dense. The best time to harvest is early in the morning, as the pulp has good firmness at this time.

Under normal conditions, the berries do not last long (2-3 days). Store in the refrigerator.

Suitable for all applications: fresh, frozen, drying, jam, curling, compotes, baked goods, juices, fruit salads.

Disease and pest resistance

Diseases of Pet Astakhov:

Disease

Immunity

Coccomycosis

Middle

Moniliosis

Tall

Clasterosporium disease

Tall

Cherry fly

The fruits are striking, the firmness is average.

Despite the high degree of resistance to fruit ailments, gardeners recommend that preventive measures be taken when growing Astakhov's cherries.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Pros and cons of Astakhov's Favorite:

Dignity

disadvantages

Resistance to cold, frost. Resistant to frosty wind, but within reasonable limits.

Selection of pollinators.

Sweet taste of southern varieties (4.5 - 4.8 out of 5 on the tasting scale).

Vulnerability to frost in spring, especially in young seedlings. It is recommended to wrap them up.

High productivity.

Excellent immunity.

Unpretentiousness.

Landing features

When planting Astakhov's cherries, the following parameters are taken into account:

  • terms;
  • priming;
  • watering;
  • place of growth;
  • distance from and proximity to other plants.

Recommended timing

Astakhov's cherries are planted in late spring, after thawing, but before bud break, after the possibility of late frosts is minimized, and the soil is well saturated with moisture. Autumn planting carries the threat of freezing of immature roots.

Advice! The spring planting period for Astakhov's cherries is preferable.

Choosing the right place

For Astakhov's cherries, you need to choose the warmest place on the site, open to light, protected from northern winds by a wall, a fence, and other plantings. On the slope, the southern side is the most favorable.

Important! There should be no high groundwater (from 1.5 m). Astakhov's cherry does not tolerate swampy soils. If there is a risk of flooding, then the tree is planted on a fill mound.

Requirements for the soil: non-acidic, fertile and at the same time well breathable (loose). Clay and sandy lands are undesirable for cherries.

What crops can and cannot be planted nearby

  • Cherry Lyubimitsa Astakhova is not supportive of the neighborhood with peppers, tomatoes, eggplants, tobacco (nightshade). They are susceptible to verticillium wilt, which can also destroy cherries.
  • Astakhov's cherry feels great next to the lesser periwinkle, violets, lily of the valley and other flowers that love light sandy loam soils.
  • Apple tree, pear, apricot, peach, currant, raspberry, gooseberry, hazel are not recommended to be planted near.
  • But black elderberry (additional protection against aphids) and columnar cherry plum, on the contrary, have a good effect on cherries.

Important! Do not plant nearby trees prone to strong branching of roots: linden, oak, birch.

Selection and preparation of planting material

Requirements for Astakhov's cherry sapling:

  • no more than 3 years;
  • no damage to the root and bark;
  • there should be no spots and cracks that are not characteristic of the plant;
  • at the root should be from 3 branches with a thickness of 2 mm.

Training:

  1. The damaged root segments are cut off.
  2. The root is soaked if it is excessively dry.
  3. Remove all leaves, as they pick up moisture.

Landing algorithm

Step-by-step actions of planting sweet cherries Lyubimitsa Astakhova:

  1. Dig a hole, fill it with humus, ash, fertilized soil mixture (half of the nutrient soil). Depth - 40-50 cm, diameter - 80 cm.
  2. They make a mound at the bottom, set up a tree, and lay out the roots conveniently. Then, raising it by 5 cm, the fertilized soil mixture is carefully poured.
  3. The neck of the root - from the south side, looks out 3-4 cm above ground level so that the grafting site warms up well.
  4. An overly flaccid crown is incised to living tissue, but no more than a third.
  5. The trunk is tied to a peg until the tree grows up.
  6. pour 2 buckets of water, mulch immediately.

Cherry follow-up care

Watering

Once a week in the near-stem hole, for an adult tree - in the furrow, during the ripening of the crop: 3-4 buckets per week (in drought).

Top dressing

The next year after landing.

Fertilizers:

in spring - nitrogenous;

· Flowering and a little later - potash;

autumn - fluorinated.

When it begins to bear fruit, it is done regularly.

Pruning

Poorly tolerated, it is minimized.

Vigorous, dry and damaged branches, sprouts at the roots are removed.

After the berries appear on the shoots, they are shortened by a third - this stimulates the appearance of fruitful buds.

In the northern regions, it is undesirable to carry out these manipulations annually.

Preparing for winter

The soil is mulched.

Saplings up to 3-4 years old are wrapped in spruce branches, roofing material, lutrasil.

Reproduction

Vaccination.

The best rootstocks are undersized, winter-hardy, adapted to the terrain.

Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention

Before the buds swell, sprinkle with Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate. This is repeated during the flowering period. Treatment with Zircon and Ekoberin preparations is recommended.

The cherry fly is the most dangerous pest. To prevent its appearance, fallen berries must be picked up regularly; during flowering, the crown is treated with insecticides.

Important! Wounds are treated with garden ointment, trunks and forks - with white garden paint with insecticides.

Conclusion

Cherry Astakhov is definitely recommended by gardeners: it does not lose any of the valuable qualities inherent in cherries. Winter hardy, pest resistant. The berries have a rich sweet aromatic taste of southern varieties, and at the same time they are large, with a juicy, moderately dense pulp. Separately, you should consider the excellent transportability, which is important for business.

Reviews about cherries Lyubimitsa Astakhova

Dmitry, 48 years old, Kaluga

The tree feels great in a not particularly warm climate with periodic frosts in the spring. The variety is the gold standard for cherries in the central regions of our country. When growing, it is important to feed the tree periodically. This allows me to harvest at least 8 kg from a mature plant.

Vera, 35 years old, Moscow region

Good yield and large sweet berries make the Lyubimitsa Astakhova variety very popular in the farming environment. The fresh berries are delicious, with a firm juicy flesh and are suitable for all possible uses. We have been growing this variety for 10 years and do not regret a single drop.

Nikolay, 71 years old, Ruzaevka

This is a classic among cherry varieties. How many years have I been doing gardening - never let me down. Although it did not begin to bear fruit immediately, since there were no other cherries on the site at first. But then she made me happy all the time. Gardeners should remember that Astakhov's favorite requires the correct selection of pollinators. The distance from other trees should be at least 5 m, since cherries have a spreading crown.


Watch the video: What Is the Difference Between Sweet Cherries u0026 Sour Cherries? (December 2021).

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