Crassula (Сrassula) is a succulent plant belonging to the family Crassulaceae. To many gardeners, such an unpretentious indoor flower is also very well known as the Crassula.
Botanical description of Crassula
All representatives belonging to the genus Tolstyanka are very diverse in their external characteristics. A significant number of species are indoor perennials with monocarpic shoots of different heights. The foliage is opposite, in some species collected in a kind of basal rosette, simple, whole, often ciliated. Leaves at the base are loose or fused.
Flowers of small sizes, white, whitish, yellowish, red or bluish, collected in terminal or lateral panicle-umbellate or racemose inflorescences. There are varieties with single axillary flowers. It is very easy to take care of a plant and propagate the Crassula.
Landing and care of the rosula
Popular species, varieties and hybrids of Crassulaceae
The genus Tolstyanka includes more than two hundred species, many of which are very popular in home floriculture. For the external similarity of leaves with coins, plants of this genus are often called the "money tree". In addition to the popular marginalis, there are many worthy, highly decorative and relatively unpretentious varieties, forms and cultivars.
Crassula perforated (perforate)
C.reforate is a stunted variety with rhomboid leaves arranged in pairs. The stem part is slightly branched and stiff. Staining of leaves is light green, with a characteristic bluish coating. At the edges of the leaves there is a reddish border. The height of the aboveground part does not exceed a quarter meter. Variegate forms have yellowish stripes on the foliage.
Crassula is floating (mossy)
C.lycoriodioids, or C. muscoa, is a compact plant with an aerial part of a shrub type, not more than a quarter meter high, with fleshy, tetrahedral, creeping shoots and a slightly elevated apical part. Leaflets are small, scaly, tiled-folded in several rows.
C. arboresens is a relatively large variety with almost rounded foliage of a very characteristic bluish color with red bordering. The height of the aerial part of the indoor tree is able to be one and a half meters. The variety is among the most decorative, but demanding care and needs good natural light.
Crassula milky (lactea)
C. lasteait. - shrub and semi-shrub plant, with the height of the aerial part is slightly more than half a meter. Shoots of the creeping type, with thick, obovate, fused at the base, bare leaves. A leaf plate of green staining, with whitish dots at the edge. Paniculate inflorescences, represented by numerous white flowers.
C. rotulasea is an unusual variety with aerial roots that form on the stem and branches. Flowering is extremely rare panicled inflorescences represented by small, whitish or pinkish flowers.
Crassula oval (ovata gollum)
C. ovata is a bushy plant with a height of the aerial part of not more than a meter and strongly branched lignified stems. The leaves are oval, fleshy, with a green upper leaf plate and a reddish tinge on the lower part.
C. ovata cv. Nummel's Sunset is a popular cultivar having foliage that is decorated with stripes of white or yellow staining. On the leaves there is a pronounced red border.
Crassula The Hobbit
C. Nobit - hybrid formobtained by American breeders almost half a century ago. It is characterized by the original form of foliage, which is turned outward and grows together from the base to the very middle. A highly decorative plant is very well suited for creating bonsai.
C. ovate Minor is a compact variety with a reddish, very attractive foliage. The species is slow growing, therefore, it is optimally suitable for decorating mini-kindergartens.
S. risurata - highly decorative varietyhaving lodging, abundantly branching shoots and foliage with an original appearance. Against the general green background of the leaf plate, there is a huge number of red or purple-red dots, and the edge part is decorated with thin and transparent cilia.
Crassula Buddha Temple
S.Wuddha's Temple - the aerial shoots of the cultivar are represented by the so-called column of tightly pressed, as if strung on the stem bases of triangular-shaped leaves and dark green staining. The height of the aboveground part does not exceed 10-15 cm. Flowering is represented by apical inflorescences collected from red flowers.
This group combines several hybrid forms and cultivars.that have an original appearance and undemanding care. Most often, the group is represented by the popular highly decorative varieties "Minor", "The Hobbit" and "Oblikva".
Crassula Spring Time
C. cv. Spring Time is a hybrid form characterized by a compact aerial part and related to highly succulent plants. Adult plant prone to lodging. Foliage is very juicy, bright green staining. In the process of flowering attractive light lilac flowers are formed.
C. marnieriana is a variety characterized by a straight, slightly branched stem base and oppositely located, seated type, heart-shaped bluish-colored foliage. The flowers are numerous, whitish, located in the apical part of the plant.
C. falata Wendl - one of the most spectacular representatives, which has a fairly large, scarlet-red color, umbellate inflorescences that bloom at the top of a fleshy and tall stem. The foliage is very thick, characteristic crescent-shaped with blunt ends. Flowering occurs every year.
This variety compares favorably with relatively small leaves that densely sit on relatively numerous stems. The grown shoots very effectively hang over the edges of the flower pot, therefore, the species is very often grown in a hanging planter.
Crassula care at home
It is not at all difficult to grow many varieties of the Crassula at home, and this fact largely explains the high popularity of culture among domestic and foreign amateur gardeners.
Lighting, temperature and humidity
All varieties need quite bright natural light, even at the stage of winter dormancy. The stems and foliage of the plant does not need special shading from direct sunlight. South and southeast windows are great. Lack of light causes thinning of stems and shredding of foliage.
The optimum temperature regime for a fat woman in the spring and summer is approximately 20-25 ° C, and in the winter - 10-15 ° C. Humidity does not matter much, so the decorative perennial easily tolerates dry but fresh air. The foliage is periodically wiped with a damp soft cloth, which will save an attractive and well-groomed appearance.
How does the rosula breed?
Soil and planting pot for a fat woman
The soil in the flower pot must be special, suitable for growing succulents. The culture has a shallow root system, so the planting pot should not be too high.
For planting and growing, a nutritious soil substrate based on four parts of sod land, one part of humus soil, one part of leafy soil and one part of sand with the addition of pieces of coal and brick chips is perfectly suitable. There should be sufficient drainage at the bottom of the flower pot.
Money Tree Watering Rules
Perennial watering is rarely watered in the autumn and winter, and in the spring and summer it is much more often, but after checking the soil moisture in the flower pot at a depth of two fingers. Need to remember that excess moisture often causes fungal infections. Water for irrigation should be well-maintained, room temperature, without a high chlorine content.
When and how to transplant Crassula
To properly transplant a fat woman, you need to comply with a number of certain requirements. Young plants are transplanted annually, and adult specimens - about once every two or three years. The transplant should be carried out in the spring, by transferring the root system with an earthen lump into a new flower pot.
During transplantation, it is recommended that you carefully inspect the root system. With excessive elongation of the roots, they should be trimmed, and the sections of the slices sprinkled with crushed coal. After planting, the plant is carefully watered with settled water at room temperature. To preserve the compactness of the plant, transplantation should be performed extremely rarely. Partial replacement of the topsoil in a flower pot gives a good result.
If necessary, get the most thick stem part and a dense crown, regular pruning and pinching of the tips of the shoots is performed. Regular pruning with a sharp and clean pruner causes the proper formation of the aerial part.
Perennial should be fed with a solution based on universal fertilizer, or using special fertilizer for cactus and succulents for this purpose. Top dressing is carried out in the period from April to September, approximately once or twice a month. In autumn and winter, top dressing is done once a month.fertilizers in half concentration.
Methods of reproduction fatty
Ease of reproduction is one of the advantages of this type of decorative perennial. Most often, the indoor flower is propagated by cuttings, but the seed method is also used. You can cut the plant regardless of the seasonbut most conveniently in spring or summer. Harvested cuttings wither for a couple of days, after which they are planted in planting containers filled with a permeable and light soil substrate. Rooting in water with the addition of activated carbon is also allowed.
Seed propagation involves seeding in seedlings filled with a mixture based on part of the sand and a couple of parts of the sheet earth. Crops should be covered with a film. Before the emergence of mass shoots, crops are regularly sprayed with standing water at room temperature and aired daily. Mass shoots appear in a couple of weeks, and then dive.
Why do crassula leaves fall
Falling leaves is the most common problem when growing a fat woman in indoor floriculture. There may be several reasons for this, including incorrect irrigation measures. Succulents are able to accumulate moisture, which makes them undemanding to irrigation.
Excessive moisture causes the leaves to fall. However, too long breaks in irrigation are also unacceptable. Stagnation of moisture often provokes rotting of the root system. Also, mass decay of foliage is observed when the temperature regime in the room is not observed and the plant is affected by diseases or pests.
Plant pests and diseases
With proper cultivation, the culture is rarely affected by diseases and pests, and all problems are the result of errors in care. The appearance of light plaque on the leaves is the result of high humidity and very cold air, which causes the development of powdery mildew or damage to the mealybug.
How to form a crown
The appearance of small growths can be the result of excessive watering or damage to the scab. Loss of elasticity of the foliage, as well as a change in staining, most often indicates an excess of fertilizers, and when damaged by root rot, the foliage becomes sluggish. Thus, in order to preserve the decorative appearance of the fat woman for many years, one should fully comply with the technology of growing at all stages of the perennial vegetation.