To engage in the breeding of long-eared rodents, you will need cages for rabbits that buy or make independently. By design, as well as by the materials used, houses can be diverse. Do-it-yourself cells can be made simple or more complex, additionally equipping them with heating, water supply. The choice of this or that design will depend on the planned livestock, breed, the availability of materials at hand and the location of the rabbitry.
To make do-it-yourself cages for rabbits, drawings should be studied in advance. Properly selected design will provide pets with the best conditions for normal growth and development.
What to consider when constructing cells
Although rabbits belong to unpretentious animals, it is better to build cages and place them, following the advice of experienced breeders. The first thing you should start with is choosing the place where the cells will be located, since drafts are unacceptable. In the summer, animals need a shadow, for which they need to make a canopy. It should be remembered that several cages are necessary for rabbits. To each his own house: for adults, for a pregnant rabbit, and after okrolya - for young animals. It’s better to do everything right from the very beginning, so that later you don’t have to correct mistakes, so listen to the recommendations of experienced people.
As already noted, the design of the cells can be different, but the floor is made of mesh or wooden battens, which are placed at a distance of 15 mm from each other. As the roof, the same materials are used as for wall cladding, provided that the cells are placed in the room. When street content, the roof is made of roofing material, which eliminates the penetration of moisture. Tin for these purposes would not be the best option. The location of rabbit cages is provided at a height of 0.5-1 m from the ground.
The houses can be divided into several compartments with a manhole, and also have a hinged lid design for easy cleaning of individual sections. Laz will allow animals to move throughout the area of the home. Rabbitry for keeping males should be of sufficient size for spacious movement. It should be borne in mind that the sedentary lifestyle of males leads to infertility. For females, the houses are no less spacious. On one square you can place 3-4 rabbits.
Young growth is kept in the same room with a nursing female. Nearby there should be a free cage where a nursing mother with rabbits is imprisoned, if there is a need for additional nutrition.
The best materials for building cells are wood. With their help, the frame of the future design and the roof are assembled. Various materials can be used for the walls, the choice of which depends on the installation location, region and what is available on the farm. The most common are: plywood, mesh, boards or wooden slats. The choice depends on the capabilities and preferences of the rabbit breeder. The manufacture of cages for rabbits should be carried out carefully with careful processing of the blanks: nails, screws, splinters, sharp edges of the mesh should not protrude. Otherwise, animals may be injured.
DIY rabbit cage
Cell size selection
Before proceeding with the construction of a particular structure, it is necessary to find drawings with dimensions for which assembly will be carried out. An option for self-development of the scheme is possible. As already noted, in order to maintain and breed rabbits, you will need several different cells that will differ both in purpose and in parameters.
The size of the cages for rabbits should be as follows: length - 140 cm, width and height - 70 cm each. The compartments are delimited by a hay and grass feeder. Rabbit cages can be arranged in 2 floors, which will save space. In addition, you will need to build a cage for young animals, where pets are kept in groups. The construction is straightforward and is performed in the following sizes: height - 60 cm, length - 200 cm, width - 100 cm. The dimensions of the houses for the rabbit are calculated on their own based on the estimated number of livestock that they will contain. One rabbit should have a minimum of 0.12 m². Quite often, separate housing is not designed for young pets, but they are kept in standard cages designed for adult rabbits, taking into account the required area.
Special attention should be paid to the house for the rabbit, which is also called a mother queen. In the cage for a female with young animals, it is necessary to organize 2 departments: the uterine and the aft, which should be separated by a partition with a manhole. They place it slightly higher than the floor so that the rabbit can’t get out of it on its own. The dimensions of the uterine compartment should be as follows: height - 20 cm, length and width - 40 cm each.
The house is located in the uterine compartment immediately before the auscultation. In the event that the breed of giant rabbit was chosen, then the standard sizes of the houses will not suit them: you need to take care of a few large structures. For successful breeding of giants, you will need housing 70 cm wide, 170 cm long and 55 cm high, and these are the minimum sizes. If you plan to grow giant rabbits, the size of the cage for a rabbit should be 80 * 100 * 65 cm, and for a female with young growth - 100 * 150 * 65 cm.
Building cages for rabbits
The do-it-yourself cage for rabbits, the step-by-step instruction of which is given below, consists of two sections. Even a beginner rabbit breeder can do its production. Before assembly, we prepare all the necessary materials and tools, cut the blanks from a wooden beam. Consider the following description:
- A wooden frame is made of wooden slats with a height of 70 cm, a length of 150 cm, a height of the front of 55 cm and 35 cm of the back.
- The assembled structure is sheathed with plywood or boards.
- Inside the cage, there is a compartment for a queen cell or a house for rabbits.
- Between the compartments for feed and the nest, a partition with a manhole is installed for the free movement of animals.
- The roof is best done on hinges so that it can be easily lifted when necessary.
- For the nesting compartment, a blank door is made of wood. For fodder - use a metal mesh with small-sized cells.
- On the floor apply a mesh with small cells or wooden slats.
- In the nesting compartment, the floor must be made solid of wood.
- Under the cage have a pallet for collecting manure.
Regardless of whether the cage is made of mesh or wood, inside it can be independently equipped with feeders and drinking bowls, and a hay compartment can be installed. Knowing how to make a cage for rabbits with your own hands, you can significantly save, because the costs will be required only for materials.
Uterine rabbit cage
Having decided to breed rabbits, you have to think about a design with a nesting compartment. Consider the sequence of actions on how to assemble a cage and a built-in mother liquor for rabbits with your own hands, the drawings of which are easy enough for even a layman to take apart.
The algorithm of actions is as follows:
- With the help of wooden bars with a cross section of 50 * 50 mm, the frame is mounted, and in the places where the feeders will be located, floors are made of a rabbit net.
- Mount the back wall and the solid floor for the uterine compartment.
- The side walls are covered with plywood or board, put partitions with holes for the uterine section. Holes (manholes) have a diameter of at least 20 cm.
- Mount the covers on the sockets.
- The feeders are installed by attaching the bar to the cell frame, dividing it into sections.
- For the final fixing of the floor mesh use rails.
- Mount bunker feeders.
- Install the roof of the cage and the door for the feeders.
- They fix continuous nesting and mesh doors, after which they put latches.
- When installing rabbitry on the street, the roof is waterproof. To do this, an additional frame of slats is nailed to which the material for the roof is fixed. A good and most common for these purposes is slate.
The described option is great for home construction due to the presence of a large-capacity hopper feeder. In addition, it is possible to install several additional tiers. With a multi-story location between each tier, you need to put a pallet for collecting manure or make a surface at an angle, so that the waste will slide into a special container.
Universal cage for rabbits
Experienced rabbit breeders know that proper housing design is an important factor in the successful maintenance and breeding of long-eared pets. What follows from this? Even if you make cells with your own hands, you must adhere to certain standards regarding the form of construction and the materials used. If the structure is outdoor, then the roof must be made at an angle so that all rainfall drains from it.
With a rabbit breeder with many years of experience N.I. Zolotukhin, the standard drawing of the cage was finalized in order to improve the comfort of animals. The reason for such changes was the observation of the behavior of the eared in the wild. In addition to improving amenities for rabbits, cleaning is easier for the breeder, saving space. There are no difficulties in constructing cells according to the Zolotukhin method, and they are quite cheap in cost. Even beginners can afford to build a house for rabbits, the main thing in manufacturing is to stick to the drawing.
Cages for Zolotukhin rabbits are endowed with a number of advantages, as a result of which they are widely used among rabbit breeders. One of the important characteristics is the floor of the rabbit house, which is made with some slope. The peculiarity of the sex of the Zolotukhin cell is that it is not completely lattice or mesh. The fact is that the net for rabbits is not very convenient. It is used only near the back wall, so that waste products are freely removed from the cell. This is due to the fact that animals urinate and defecate only in the far corners of their housing.
In addition to the special floor design, the Zolotukhin cage has good ventilation, lighting and blackout in the mother liquor. The feeders are mounted in such a way that tipping over by animals is excluded. When making the design in question, it is recommended to adhere to the following sizes:
- height - 1.5 m;
- width - 2 m;
- depth - 80 cm;
- door size - 40 * 40 cm;
- floor slope - 7 cm;
- the width of the net for the floor is 20 cm.
These are the features and advantages of the cell according to Zolotukhin.
Cells according to Mikhailov
Another rabbit breeder Mikhailov developed a completely different design of the house for the eared. The peculiarity of the cell consists of 2-4 airtight compartments designed to collect manure and one or two tiers. The initial design of Mikhailov cells for rabbits implied the maintenance of two adult individuals. To date, there are other options designed for keeping young or two pregnant females. The execution of cells can be either single or double. In any case, the design implies a common compartment for collecting manure. In addition, the cage has a clear location: the installation is performed with the back wall to the north, which will protect the animals from the wind. The remaining sides of the dwelling are made of mesh.
In addition to everything, the house under consideration is equipped with heating of the queen cell and drinking bowls, as well as a ventilation system.
With a more detailed examination of the design, the Mikhailov cell is conditionally divided into 3 parts: upper, lower, and stand. At the top there are 1 or 2 tiers, at the bottom there is a cone-shaped section that provides for the collection and storage of manure before it is harvested. To such a design reliably stood on the ground, a stand is used. The mother liquors, compartments for feed and water protrude somewhat outward. Some design variations are possible: queen cells can be located closer to the center, while drinking bowls and feeders can be located inside. To avoid tipping over, the stand must be used. The floors in the cages are wooden, from slats located diagonally. As one could understand, making the Zolotukhin houses a little easier. To repeat the construction of the described structure, it is necessary to consider the drawings of cages for rabbits according to Mikhailov.
Housing for decorative rabbits
In addition to the breeds of rabbits, which are bred in order to obtain meat and wool, there are also decorative species. Do-it-yourself cages for decorative rabbits can be made without much difficulty. The main thing is to determine how often the rabbit is outside his home during the day. If the eared walks more than 3 hours a day, then the cage can be 70 * 40 cm in size. If the rabbit is mainly in the house, then make it at least 100 * 50 cm in size. If free space allows, the cage can be made and large sizes. In general, you should focus on the same construction recommendations as for ordinary rabbits. The process is actually similar: the frame is assembled from battens, the walls are sheathed with plywood, the floor, roof, and doors are mounted.
There are many cell options for decorative rabbits. Many develop their designs, trying to create the most comfortable conditions for their furry pets. One of the attractive options can be a multi-tiered house with wood carvings, various elements that allow the eared to have fun and hide. It all depends on your imagination.