Advice

Milk mushrooms in the Chelyabinsk region: where they grow and when to collect


All varieties of mushrooms are in high demand due to their versatility in processing and taste. Milk mushrooms in the Chelyabinsk region grow in almost all forests, they are harvested for the winter for personal use and for commercial purposes.

Mushrooms grow under a thick layer of leaf litter, forming small tubercles above the surface

Do milk mushrooms grow in the Chelyabinsk region

The climate and the ecological system of the Chelyabinsk region make it possible to collect abundant harvests of various types of mushrooms. This region is rich in woodlands. Its continental climatic conditions with warm rainy autumn are a favorable environment for mushroom fruiting.

Salted milk mushrooms in Chelyabinsk are an integral part of Russian cuisine. There are blanks for the winter in almost every family. With a plentiful harvest, processed milk mushrooms become a good financial support for the family's budget. In order not to come out of the forest empty-handed, you need to know the places of the main accumulation of mushrooms and the method of their growth:

  1. Mushrooms do not grow alone, relatives are always nearby, you should take a closer look to find them.
  2. They can exist only in symbiosis with certain tree species. Basically, they create mycorrhiza with oak and birch, the preference depends on the variety.
  3. You can also bring a good harvest from taiga forests; there are several species that bear fruit only in symbiosis with conifers.

Milk mushrooms in the Chelyabinsk region can be found throughout the territory occupied by forests, regardless of the direction and type of massifs.

Important! In young birch forests or oak groves, there will be no mushrooms.

When to collect milk mushrooms in the Chelyabinsk region

There is no definite date for the start of the season in the mushroom fishery. Mushrooms are harvested depending on the species and weather conditions. For normal growth, fruiting bodies need an appropriate temperature in the range of 15-20 0C and stable precipitation. In hot and dry weather, there will be no harvest, as well as in cold, excessively rainy weather. You can focus on the average rate of the beginning of fruiting and the place of growth.

Name of the milk

What breeds are in symbiosis with

The beginning of the season

Present

Birch tree

End of July, beginning of August

The black

Birch, aspen

Mid july

Bluish

Spruce, less often willow

End of August

Yellow

Fir, spruce

July

Pepper

Mixed deciduous, no preference for a specific type of tree

July

Oak

Beech, hazel, oak

End of july

Red brown

Oak, spruce, hazel

Early July

Violinist

All types of wood

Early august

Fringed

Aspen, oak, birch, hazel, hornbeam.

July

Starting from July, in any forest of the Chelyabinsk region, you can collect a lot of mushrooms of one type or another.

How long is the season of mushrooms in the Chelyabinsk region

The duration of fruiting also depends on the species and weather conditions. The longest collection is from a fringed mushroom, the last fruiting bodies are found during the first frost, in the Chelyabinsk region - this is the middle or second half of October.

Attention! The main fruiting peak of the mushrooms popular in Chelyabinsk falls in mid-August and lasts until the end of September.

The season lasts within 30-45 days.

Where milk mushrooms are collected in the Chelyabinsk region

Mushroom places in Chelyabinsk, where you can collect a good harvest of mushrooms, are located in almost all regional forests. The most popular places among mushroom pickers are the Sosnovsky District and the massifs of mixed deciduous species adjacent to the Bolshoi Kremenkul Lake. Ashinsky district is 80% occupied by forests, this is the place where the bulk of mushroom pickers come every year.

Mushroom places map of Chelyabinsk

Quite good mushroom places in the Argayash and Krasnoarmeisky districts. In the Chelyabinsk region, the main flow of mushroom pickers is directed to the settlements:

  • Norkino;
  • Sargazy;
  • Forest;
  • Bayramgulovo;
  • Rustic.

A good place for picking mushrooms is the Taktybay village of the Chebarkul region and the vicinity of Lake Arakul, located in the Kasli region. Locals recommend visiting the Ilmensky Nature Reserve.

In the vicinity of Chelyabinsk: Butaki, Lake Kasargi. Towards the western border of the Chelyabinsk region along the Federal highway M5 towards Ufa:

  1. A mixed forest in the vicinity of Lake Kisegach, about 100 km from the regional center.
  2. The forest-steppe of the Chebarkul region is located 90 km from Chelyabinsk.
  3. Varlamovsky pine forest is popular with mushroom pickers.
  4. Taganay National Park.

These places of the Chelyabinsk region are famous not only for mushrooms, but also for white varieties of mushrooms.

Rules for collecting mushrooms in the Chelyabinsk region

The Chelyabinsk region is located in the South of the Urals, forests are found mainly in the steppe and mountainous regions. Dense, impassable areas complicate the mountainous landscape, so it is dangerous for inexperienced mushroom pickers to go alone. In case of loss of orientation, it is necessary to have with you a means of communication and a small supply of food and water.

Advice! It is better not to risk your life, but to use the services of local residents who know the trails and mushroom places well.

They do not harvest in ecologically unfavorable areas. Fruit bodies absorb and accumulate toxic compounds from the atmosphere and soil, which may not decay even after heat treatment. Sites of "quiet hunting" near gas stations, high-speed highways, industrial enterprises and city dumps are not considered.

Only young milk mushrooms are taken. Mushrooms contain a high concentration of protein, which decomposes during aging and releases toxins. Overripe specimens can cause poisoning. Also, do not take mushrooms damaged by insects. It is recommended to cut off the fruiting bodies with a knife so as not to damage the mycelium. Milk mushrooms bear fruit in the same place for several years, increasing the occupied territory every year.

Conclusion

Milk mushrooms in the Chelyabinsk region are harvested on a large scale. Weather conditions allow for a good harvest during the season. Mushrooms grow in all types of forests located in the region. The harvesting season starts in July and lasts until October.


Watch the video: Lactarius deterrimus (October 2021).

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