Advice

Gooseberry Prune


Each person creates his own garden, choosing the most interesting fruit and berry crops. They should have a lot of advantages: they should be tasty, fruitful, unusual in color and shape. For example, the collection of gooseberries will not be affected at all if the Prune variety with its own unique features is among the others.

Breeding history of the variety

This is an almost studless domestic gooseberry variety obtained at the V.I. I. V. Michurin. It was created in 1992 under the leadership of K. Sergeeva. When Plum and Plum 259-23 were crossed, a variety appeared that inherited unpretentiousness, vitality, unusual taste and large berries from its parents.

Since the year of its creation, the Prune variety has been recorded in the State Register of Breeding Achievements and created for the regions: Central, Middle Volga and Ural.

Description of the bush and berries

The gooseberry bush of the Prune variety belongs to medium-sized and medium-spreading with an average density of branching. The shoots are thick and form a straight or curved woody frame. They do not have pubescence and are colored light green.

The trunk and shoots are covered with sparse medium-sized spines. They are dark in color and directed away from the shoot. Usually located at the bottom.

3-5-lobed leaf blade from small to medium is distinguished by shine and slight wrinkling. Blunt teeth are located along its edges. Venation is imperceptible on the leaf. Small flowers are surrounded by large light sepals. The inflorescence is formed by several flowers, when pollinated, an oval-shaped ovary is formed.

Berries are distinguished by:

  • medium size (average - 4.5 g);
  • oval or slightly pear-shaped;
  • burgundy, and in the phase of technical ripeness - black;
  • lack of pubescence;
  • wax layer;
  • rather thick rind;
  • average number of seeds;
  • sweet and sour taste and special aftertaste.

Advantages and disadvantages

The Prune gooseberry variety has a lot of advantages, which is noted by most gardeners.

Positive aspects of the variety

Negative sides of the variety

a versatile variety that is widely used

highly dependent on weather conditions

the mass of berries is medium, with an original taste

low fruiting with minor changes in care

sick with anthracnose

perfectly stored and transported without loss

in different years, fruiting is unstable and the yield can vary significantly

high frost resistance

high tasting score

does not suffer from powdery mildew, is resistant to this disease

on average, the yield is high - 5.4-14 t / ha

General information about the Prune gooseberry variety is shown in the video:

Characteristics

The Prune gooseberry variety is characterized by the following features:

  1. The variety is mid-season and versatile, the use of which is varied.
  2. One bush yields up to 3-4 kg of berries, depending on its age and size.
  3. Stores well and can be transported over long distances.
  4. Frost resistant: able to withstand temperatures down to -34aboutFROM.
  5. According to the tasting score, out of 5 possible points, the gooseberry is gaining 4.2.
  6. Has a taste vaguely similar to prunes (hence the name).
  7. It brings a stable harvest only in favorable climatic conditions.
  8. With improper care, it is sick, but shows resistance to powdery mildew.

Yield

The yield of the gooseberry Prune is not stable and depends not only on climatic conditions, but also on correct and thoughtful care, the timely implementation of all the necessary agrotechnical measures. It differs significantly in different years and ranges from 5.4 to 14 t / ha.

Drought resistance and winter hardiness

The gooseberry variety is winter-hardy and suitable for growing in central Russia. In snowy winters, it does not require shelter and can withstand t = -34C. Prune does not belong to drought-resistant varieties: with prolonged drought, the roots stop growing and the yield decreases. The earthen ball must be constantly moist, this is especially important during the ripening period of the berries.

Pest and disease resistance

Prunes are rarely more powdery mildew, but are not resistant to anthracnose. It is affected by pests, therefore, a constant preventive examination of the plant is important.

Ripening period

Gooseberries are of medium ripening, which is convenient for northern latitudes. Berry picking begins in mid-July if the summer is warm. In cool conditions, fruiting is delayed by 1-2 weeks.

Transportability

Due to the thick skin and dense pulp, the fruits of the Prune variety are transported over considerable distances, keeping them unchanged.

Growing conditions

Gooseberry Prune needs:

  • good lighting;
  • average soil moisture;
  • temperature conditions + 20-25aboutFROM;
  • fertile soil (in its absence - in regular dressing);
  • mulching the trunk circle to retain moisture;
  • loosening for air access to the roots.

Advice! Deep digging of row spacings is carried out every 3 months. It is necessary during fruiting to enhance root growth in all directions.

Landing features

Gooseberry variety Prune, like any shrub, can be planted both in spring and autumn. In autumn, young bushes take root better, gradually adapting to a new place. Planting is carried out before the cold weather for better rooting.

In the spring, breeding activities are carried out by rooting cuttings. To do this, cut off the shoots, place them in special conditions. By the fall, their roots are formed and young plants are planted for permanent "residence".

When planting Prune gooseberries, the following activities are carried out:

  • an open, well-lit area is selected, located at least 2 m from young trees or 1.5 m from the fence (fence);
  • gooseberries love light soils without stagnant moisture, so the site for planting is prepared in advance;
  • a pit 50 × 40 is dug under the Prune bush, into which a fertile mixture of compost, wood ash, sand, peat is poured;
  • before planting, the root system is treated with an antibacterial solution (Barrier, Ideal);
  • a gooseberry bush is lowered into the pit, sprinkled with the same nutrient composition, not tamped, watered;
  • the root collar is deepened by 5 cm;
  • branches are cut off on the bushes, leaving up to 5 buds on each;
  • on the eve of the onset of frost, the gooseberry Prune is spud and mulched so that the root system does not freeze.

Advice! Gooseberry Prunes are not planted in areas where other varieties of this plant or raspberries were previously located.

The root system of the bushes is located in one layer of soil, which has exhausted the supply of nutrients. In addition, gooseberries and raspberries suffer from the same diseases and spores can remain in the soil.

Care rules

Activities for the care of the gooseberry variety Prune traditional. The main ones are: watering, loosening, mulching, destruction of weeds. But this gooseberry variety, like any other, requires additional agrotechnical measures.

Support

Gooseberry Prune needs support when the bush grows and the lower branches are on the ground. They also form berries that rot and become contaminated on the soil surface. The support options are different, but the result is the same: the bush becomes more compact, and the harvest is preserved in full.

Top dressing

For this variety, a feeding regime is recommended, which is reflected in the table:

When the plant is fed

Fertilizer name

Fertilizer quantity

on the eve of flowering

potassium humate or urea

4-5 st. l. for 20 liters of water

at the end of flowering

potassium humate + liquid organic fertilizer

4 tbsp. potassium humate per 20 l of water or diluted organic composition

during fruit formation

Liquid "organic" + wood ash

wood ash is poured into the trunk circle, and poured on top with a pre-prepared organic solution

When a young gooseberry bush of the Prune variety grows up and runs out of nutrition, after 2 years, complex fertilizing is carried out containing all the necessary components. It is helpful to apply slurry or bird droppings during the season (1:20).

Pruning bushes

The main harvest of gooseberries is formed on a 2-3-year growth, so in the spring the crown is pruned, removing old and diseased branches. This technique not only brings a significant harvest, it thinns the crown, providing light and air access to each branch. The bush takes on a well-groomed appearance and becomes more compact.

Reproduction

The Prune gooseberry is propagated by traditional shrub methods: layering (horizontal, arcuate, vertical) and cuttings. All these methods have justified themselves and are used by gardeners when it is necessary to propagate a favorite variety.

Preparing for winter

Young, immature gooseberry bushes Prune need shelter for the winter. More mature ones also shelter, since winters with little snow are possible. A small bush is completely wrapped with lutrasil, and spruce branches on top. In adult gooseberry plants, the lower branches are pinned to the ground and the roots are covered. Since Prune is winter-hardy, some gardeners leave the bushes unchanged for the winter.

Pest and disease control

The gooseberry variety Prune does not suffer from powdery mildew, but it is affected by diseases of a fungal nature: goblet rust and anthracnose. Spores of fungi with the wind or insects enter the bushes, and the disease progresses in early spring. To avoid illness, you must:

  • remove plant residues;
  • carry out autumn and spring soil digging;
  • before bud break, treat gooseberries with Bordeaux liquid;
  • water the bushes with hot water before sap flow (t = 90aboutFROM).

"Uninvited guests" visiting the gooseberry Prune are aphids and a yellow gooseberry sawfly, a moth butterfly. With a slight pest damage, diseased branches are cut off, and the bush is sprayed with an ash solution with laundry soap. If the pests have settled the bushes thoroughly, insecticides cannot be dispensed with. It may require repeated processing according to the instructions.

Conclusion

If the choice of the gardener fell on the Prune gooseberry variety, then he was right. This is a delicious jam with the aroma of southern plum, delicate jam or compote. In the collection of different varieties of gooseberries, it will not be superfluous, giving an additional zest in the form of unusual, almost black berries.

Testimonials

Marina, Tver

The prune variety fits perfectly into my garden and berry assortment. And the taste is very popular with children who adore both fresh berries and jam. Gooseberries have almost no thorns, so even children can pick berries.

Anton, Smolensk

I bought a Prune gooseberry bush for a change. Unfortunately, it is not stable: yields are different every year and not always abundant fruiting.

Irina, Engels

So far I have planted three different gooseberry bushes with green, yellow and red berries. The red berries gradually turned black and looked very unusual. They explained to me that this is a variety of Prune gooseberries. I liked that the berries are easy to store fresh for up to a week, and the berries are not yet collected for jam. Overall, I am pleased with my purchase.


Watch the video: How to tie gooseberries and redcurrants (December 2021).

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