Advice

Pear Tavricheskaya: description of the variety


Description, photos and reviews of the Tavricheskaya pear indicate that this is one of the delicious large-fruited varieties that can be grown not only for yourself, but also for sale. In general, the tree is unpretentious, but it needs compulsory care.

Description of the pear variety Tavricheskaya

Tavricheskaya pear is a middle-aged variety, bred in 1934 by crossing Bere Bosk and Dikanka winter. Refers to late, autumn varieties. A tree with good frost resistance and drought resistance, painlessly tolerates temperatures down to -30 ° C. The flowering of the variety occurs in May.

The tree is of medium vigor, with normal care it reaches 3 m. The crown is compact, well leafy, pyramidal.

Characteristics of pear fruits

In the description of the variety, it is indicated that the fruits are large, more than 200 g. Judging by the reviews, it is possible to grow the fruit of the Tavricheskaya pear up to 500 g. The photo shows that this is quite real, but it will take some effort and diligent care of the tree.

The shape of the fruit is ovoid, the surface is bumpy. The skin is moderately dense, rich yellow, with a characteristic pink barrel. The pulp is creamy, grainy, juicy. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour.

The Tavricheskaya variety is suitable for all types of processing and fresh consumption. Delicious compotes, jam, dried fruits are obtained from it.

Important! Tavricheskaya pear keeps well on branches, does not crumble, easily tolerates transportation.

The harvest ripens at the end of September. The variety has good keeping quality. At a temperature of + 2 ° C, pears are stored until mid-January. After harvesting, the fruits can be ripened at home, they quickly gain flavor and oiliness.

Pros and cons of the Tavricheskaya variety

The Tavricheskaya variety has several advantages:

  • large fruits;
  • excellent taste;
  • versatility of application;
  • early maturity;
  • high productivity;
  • frost resistance;
  • drought tolerance.

There are practically no disadvantages of a pear. The only negative is that the fruits are shrinking due to the abundant harvest. Ovary rationing is required. Although some gardeners do not consider this a significant disadvantage. In addition, the variety is picky about feeding. Without proper care, it will not work to grow large fruits.

Similarities between pear varieties Dikanka and Tavricheskaya

If we compare the Tavricheskaya variety with the Dikanka pear, then you can notice some similarities:

  1. Trees of medium vigor, well leafy.
  2. Variety Dikanka with good winter hardiness, this is also noted in the description of the Tauric pear.
  3. Dikanka's fruits are large, even slightly larger than those of Tavricheskaya. With good care, they reach 700 g.
  4. Both trees bear fruit abundantly, but pears become smaller in a good year.
  5. The Dikanka and Tavricheskaya varieties are late summer varieties. Ripen in late September or early October.
  6. Trees are demanding on soil and growing conditions.
  7. The fruits of both varieties are well stored and transported.

Based on these characteristics, it can be concluded that the Dikanka variety transferred only its best qualities to the Tavricheskaya pear.

Optimal growing conditions

Before planting the Tavricheskaya variety, you need to choose a suitable place for the tree. The pear does not tolerate transplantation, therefore, a permanent site is immediately prepared where the plant will feel good in winter and summer.

The lightest area is allocated for planting, well protected from cold winds and drafts. Tavricheskaya pear does not tolerate close proximity to groundwater, therefore it is planted in an elevated place.

Warning! The pit must be drained.

Apple trees will be good neighbors for pears. But next to the mountain ash, it will not grow. Trees have the same diseases and pests that quickly move from one plant to another.

For planting, nutritious soil is preferable; on acidic or swampy soil, the tree will quickly die. A place for a pear is dug up in advance, the necessary fertilizers are applied and a pit is prepared.

Planting and caring for a pear Tavricheskaya

In order for the seedlings to take root well and quickly, trees no older than 2 years are chosen for planting. Particular attention should be paid to their condition. The trunks should not be damaged and dry areas, peeling of the bark, growths. The root system is well developed, has several branches and many small roots.

It is better to plant a Tavricheskaya pear in early spring or late autumn, when there is no sap flow. The work must be completed 2 weeks before the first frost, otherwise the seedling will not have time to take root.

Landing rules

The pit is prepared in advance, its size depends on the root system, but not less than 70 cm in width and 80 cm in depth. The bottom is well drained, covered with nutritious soil and a support for the pear is installed.

The soil for planting is mixed with mineral fertilizers:

  • mature compost;
  • potassium salt;
  • superphosphate.

The mixture is poured into a pit, mixed well and left to settle for the earth. Then they start planting pears:

  1. A mound of fertile soil is formed in the pit, a seedling is installed and the roots are straightened.
  2. The voids are covered with earth, well compacted. The root collar is left on the surface.
  3. The seedling is watered, tied to a support.

After planting the pear, the trunk circle is mulched with straw, humus or rotted manure.

Advice! It is impossible to cover the root collar with soil. It should be 5-6 cm above the level of the site.

Watering and feeding

At first, the Tavricheskaya pear sapling needs abundant watering. It is important to ensure that the soil under the tree does not dry out. The tree is watered once a week, spending up to 10 liters per plant. If there is a lot of precipitation, then there is no need to additionally moisten the soil. It is enough to carry out loosening so that the roots do not start to rot.

In the future, water the Tavricheskaya pear as needed. More often than usual during dry periods. During the season, you need to do at least 4 waterings and the last one is water-charging in late autumn.

It is imperative to feed the pear, otherwise the fruits will shrink. There is no need to fertilize immediately after planting and in 1 year of cultivation. If the pit is filled according to all the rules, then the seedling will have enough nutrition. Next spring, they start feeding. For 1 plant mix:

  • 150 g of carbamide;
  • 1 tbsp. l. saltpeter;
  • 5 liters of water.

Chicken manure or urea is added to the finished fertilizer. Potash dressings are added once a year. At the end of May, the pear is watered with a solution of nitroammophoska.

Important! Nitrogen fertilizers are applied every 2-3 years. The pear does not like excess nitrogen in the soil.

Pruning

For fruit trees, pruning is recommended 2 times a season. In the spring, sanitary cleaning is carried out: dry, damaged shoots are removed. Formative pruning is done. In the fall, fattening and thickening branches are cut.

Immediately after planting, the seedlings are shortened by a third. And the next year they start pruning.

Whitewash

In early spring and autumn, experienced gardeners recommend whitewashing the trunk and skeletal branches of the Tavricheskaya pear. This procedure helps to protect the tree from pests and diseases. For whitewashing, slaked lime and copper sulfate are used. The seedling must first be prepared:

  1. Cut off loose bark and growths.
  2. Grind the barrel down to healthy tissue.
  3. Treat the affected areas and cracks with garden pitch so that pests do not penetrate into the trunk.

Whitewashing is applied in several layers. Particular attention is paid to the affected areas and cracks.

Preparing for winter

In regions with a mild climate, the tree hibernates without additional shelter. In the Northern regions, the Tauride pear must be insulated. For this, the trunk is wrapped in burlap or agrofibre. The trunk circle is mulched with dry leaves or humus. A layer of mulch of at least 15-20 cm. In winter, add additional snow.

Attention! In the spring, the shelter is removed gradually so that the pear does not suffer from the sun and burns.

Pollination

Pear Tavricheskaya is a self-fertile variety that does not need additional pollination. However, it was noticed that a record harvest can be harvested if other varieties are grown nearby:

  • Dessert;
  • Crimean Fragrant;
  • Vassa;
  • Maria;
  • Emerald;
  • Yakimovskaya;
  • The highlight of the Crimea.

This neighborhood increases the number of ovaries up to 50%.

Yield

The Tavricheskaya variety is fast-growing. Fruiting begins from 3-4 years of cultivation. Life expectancy is about 15-20 years. Throughout this period, the pear bears fruit well regularly. The yield is growing gradually. From 1 adult plant, it is possible to collect up to 120 kg of pears.

Diseases and pests

The pear of this variety has good immunity, but from improper care it can get sick and suffer from pests. The most common growing problems are:

  • scab;
  • stem rot;
  • powdery mildew;
  • bug;
  • tick;
  • gall midge;
  • pear moth;
  • copperhead.

Pests and diseases take up to 50% of the crop. In some cases, losses can be almost 100%. To protect the tree, you need to regularly inspect the shoots and leaves, carry out preventive spraying with complex preparations.

Important! All affected parts of the tree and fruits are removed from the site and burned to prevent the spread of pests and diseases.

Reviews about pear Tavricheskaya

Soroka Irina, 29 years old, s. Diving

She planted a Tavricheskaya pear in her garden. The tree quickly started to grow, wintered well. Now the seedling is 5 years old, next season I am expecting the first harvest. I hope that the expectations will not be in vain. I would like to taste the pear. I did not notice any special problems during cultivation. I take care of all the trees in the garden: watering, pruning, feeding and loosening the soil. I don't cover much for the winter. In our region, winters are not always snowy, there are often thaws, rains, I am afraid that the tree will disappear.

Tsirkun Tatiana, 64 years old, Tsimlyansk

Tavricheskaya pear has been in my garden for many years. Always happy with the harvest of delicious fruits. The tree is rarely sick, I always do preventive treatments, without waiting for the misfortune. It hibernates well, but sometimes it is necessary to additionally cover the trunk circle with mulch, a very drying wind in our area. In spring it wakes up early, has been exposed to return frosts more than once, but the preservation of flowers is good. The keeping quality of the fruits is especially pleasing. In the basement, pears lie for several months and do not deteriorate. But for this I put them in separate boxes so that the fruits do not touch, and I maintain the temperature in the room at + 5 ° C.

Conclusion

Description, photos and reviews about the Tavricheskaya pear help most gardeners choose the right variety for their site. Taking care of a tree is not so difficult, so it can be recommended even to those who rarely visit the country. In addition, 1 seedling is enough for a good harvest, which pleases the owners of small gardens.


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